Fahim Uddin, . (1985) KINETICS OF PHOTOCHEMICAL REACTIONS OF THIONINE. Doctoral thesis, University of Karachi.

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The photochemical reduction of thionine by N-Penyl-glycine, N-allylurea, N-phenylurea and thiourea in absolute methanol was investigated. An apparatus for the irradiation of air free solutions, with known intensities of monochromatic lights was constructed. Double walled glass reaction cell was devised in which nitrogen inlet/outlet, water inlet/outlet arrangements were made. Acidities of the reaction solutions were controlled using buffer solutions. Acidities determined spec-trophotometrically using basic indicator were expressed in terms of a Hamett acidity function. Variations of quantum efficiencies in absolute methanol have been determined at various concentrations of thionine, reductants, and acidities. The oxygen free reaction solutions were irradiated and the reactions were followed by measuring the intensity of light transmitted.The quantum efficiency, in yellow light, for the dis-appearance of thionine, was found to be a function of reductant concentration, acidity and temperature. The quantum efficiency was found to be independent of the concentration of thionine. The results have been interpreted in terms of a reaction mechanism. Ratios of the certain rate constants for the proposed mechanism have been evaluated. It was found that the quantum efficiency is controlled by two equilibriums between: i) triplet state of thionine with protion, and protonated triplet state of thionine, and ii) protonated triplet state of thionine with reductant, and associated complex of thionine with reductant.

Item Type: Thesis (Doctoral)
Uncontrolled Keywords: thionine, n-penyl-glycine, n-allylurea, n-phenylurea, thiourea, thionine
Subjects: Q Science > QD Chemistry
Depositing User: Ms Maryam Saeed
Date Deposited: 27 Jul 2017 10:04
Last Modified: 27 Jul 2017 10:04

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