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Title of Thesis

A Comparative Study of Disparity in Urban Rural Education at Elementary level in NWFP and Development of an Action Plan (2010-2015)

Author(s)

Arbab Khan Afridi

Institute/University/Department Details
Secondary Teacher Education Department, Faculty Of Education / Allama Iqbal Open University, Islamabad
Session
2007
Subject
Education
Number of Pages
309
Keywords (Extracted from title, table of contents and abstract of thesis)
Disparity, Urban, Rural, Male, Female, Education, Elementary, level, NWFP, Development, universalization

Abstract
Elementary education is a fundamental right of every child and has been duly enshrined in our constitution. It is a bed-rock of the educational pyramid contributing much towards socio-economic development of a country. The government at national and regional level is trying to universalize it, but these efforts are thwarted because the system is besetting with grave disparities in the provision of physical and material facilities, male and female education, urban and rural areas and other qualitative and quantitative aspects of elementary education particularly in the region of NWFP. Such problems and issues have been identified in various policies and plans by the government but the situation has not sufficiently improved. If elementary education has been expanded, its quality still suffers for various reasons. The phenomena of wastage in terms of dropouts, repetitions and failures still prevail which obstruct the goal of universal elementary education.
Now the question arises as to what changes and improvements have been made so far? What disparity still exists between the urban and rural schools, and what priority was given by the government to the development of urban and rural schools? These are some of the questions that have necessitated a thorough investigation into the problem. The study is guided by the objectives of analyzing in depth the policy initiatives, specific situation leading to disparity between male and female education and between urban and rural elementary schools. The study also propose a long range action plan (2001-2015) for universalization of elementary education, provision of teachers, development of infrastructure and availability of financial resources.
The study conducted is expected to contribute with respect to influencing the policy of the government by providing guide-lines to all concerned regarding development of elementary education in the region. It is also expected to provide a rationale for equitable distribution of physical and financial resources for the development of elementary education. The study will hopefully facilitate the implementation of a long range perspective plan (1998-2015) in the region and will prove a useful document for researchers and other training institutions.
The study is descriptive in nature. Related to quantitative aspect of the problem, which requires, statistical method. For this purpose, authentic statistical reports issued by the government both at national and regional levels have been analyzed. Two periods i.e 1995-96 and 2000-01 have been compared to ascertain the progress or deficiency of these periods. Every item collected for analysis has been worked out in percentage and interpreted accordingly. The study has also been supported by a case study in the District Nowshera NWFP.
The researcher has advanced certain recommendations for bringing about reforms and improvements in the system of elementary education in the region. The areas of reforms are focused on bringing about qualitative and quantitative improvement to minimize wastage and to increase enrolment. Besides, improvement of physical facilities of elementary education, as a crucial problem has also highlighted. In short, the determination of government, through political commitment and liberal financial resources is a pre-requisite for achieving the goals. The same issues have also been addressed in the case study in District Nowshera, NWFP.

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1,054 KB
S. No. Chapter Title of the Chapters Page Size (KB)
1 0 CONTENTS

 

viii
15 KB
2

1

INTRODUCTION

1.1 Background of the Study
1.2 Statement of the Purpose
1.3 Objectives of the Study
1.4 Significance of the Study
1.5 Underlying Assumptions of the Study
1.6 Research Questions To Be Answered
1.7 Delimitation of the Study
1.8 Limitation of the Study
1.9 Definition of Terms Used in the Study

1
44 KB
3 2 REVIEW OF THE RELATED LITERATURE

2.1 Background of the Development of Primary Education in Indo-Pak Sub Continent
2.2 The Development of Primary Education Since in Pakistan Independence 1947
2.3 Development of Primary Education Reflected in National Education Policies (1970-1998)
2.4 National Developing Plans and Primary Education in Pakistan
2.5 The Concepts of Universalization of Primary Education: Its Relevance to Pakistan
2.6 Factors Responsible for Dropouts at Elementary Level in Pakistan
2.7 Researches Conducted in the Area of Primary Education in N.W.F.P

10
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4 3 METHOD AND PROCEDURE OF THE STUDY

3.1 The Nature of the Study
3.2 Specific Approach Adopted for the Study
3.3 Sources of Data
3.4 Treatment of Data
3.5 Situational Analysis of the Selected Primary Schools in District Nowshera
3.7 Aspects of Comparative Analysis of Elementary Education
3.8 Action Plan (2010-2015)

79
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5 4 ANALYSIS OF DATA

4.1 Analysis of Statistical Data of Primary Schools at Provincial Level NWFP
4.2 Analysis of Statistical Data of Middle Schools at Provincial Level NWFP
4.3 Field Based Analysis of Data of the Selected Government Primary Schools In District Nowshera (a case study at district level)
4.4 National Action Plan for Universalization of Elementary Education by 2010 and 2015
4.5 Proposed Action Plan for Universalization of Elementary Education in NWFP by 2010 and 2015

89
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6 5 SUMMARY, FINDINGS, CONCLUSION, DISCUSSION AND RECOMMENDATIONS

5.1 Summary of the Study
5.2 Findings
5.3 Conclusion
5.4 Discussion
5.5 Recommendations

233
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7

6

BIBLIOGRAPHY & APPENDICES

 

271
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