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Title of Thesis

Implementation of Devolution Plan in Education Sector in Pakistan Variations Across Provinces and Districts

Author(s)

Syed Manzoor Hussain Shah

Institute/University/Department Details
Department of Educational Planning, Policy Studies and Leadership, Faculty of Education / Allama Iqbal Open University, Islamabad
Session
2009
Subject
Educational Planning
Number of Pages
356
Keywords (Extracted from title, table of contents and abstract of thesis)
Implementation, Devolution, adequate, resources, manpower, capacity, Plan, Education, Sector, Pakistan, facilitate, Variations, Across, Provinces, Districts

Abstract
The research aimed at studying the implementation of Devolution Plan in education sector in Pakistan and identifying variations across the provinces and districts. The research study was descriptive in nature for which a survey was conducted through questionnaires and data collected from different stake-holders. The objectives of the study were: To identify nature and extent of decentralization in education sector at provincial and district level, to find out the variations in the nature of decentralization and the devolution of decision making across the provinces and across districts within a single province and identify the problems/difficulties in the implementation of the process and achievement of the laid down objectives. The population of study comprised all Executive District Officers (Education), District Officers (Secondary Education), Heads of Higher Secondary Schools and Subject Specialists and Heads of Secondary and Secondary School Teachers in Balochistan Province. The sample of the study comprised, 87 EDOs and DOs, 348 Heads of higher secondary and secondary schools and 870 subject specialists and SST of different 87 districts of four provinces of Pakistan. For the purpose of the data collection, four questionnaires were prepared in consultation with the Supervisor and other experts in the field. The questionnaires were improved by 14 experts in the field of education particularly in educational planning and management. These questionnaires were, later on, pilot-tested on five percent of the population of four provinces not included in the sample. After getting feedback and comments/views of pilot testing/launching, the questionnaires were revised and improved. For the purpose of the data collection, 71 persons were identified and imparted training to act as research assistants in all the four provinces of Pakistan. For this purpose, their qualification, experience and affiliation with AIOU and the field of research were kept in view.
The Vice-Chancellor of AIOU issued a D.O. letter to Provincial Education Secretaries of all the Provinces of Pakistan to facilitate the researcher/research assistants in data collection for this national level study. In response thereof, the Provincial Secretariats and Directorates issued directives to the EDOs, DEOs, Heads and SSs to fully cooperate with the researcher/research assistants in collection of data. By enclosing the copy of the letter of provincial education department with the questionnaires the data were collected by the identified research assistants and the researcher. The collected data were presented and tabulated in chapter IV. Different statistical tools including percentages, Chi-square, were applied to analyze the data. Major findings of the study indicated that there are variations in the implementation of devolution plan in education sector in all the four provinces of the country. The situation in Punjab and NWFP was comparatively better. The findings also revealed variations at district level, particularly in Baluchistan and Sindh. Major conclusions of the study indicated that political interference in the educational affairs at district level was a common problem in all the provinces. Lack of adequate resources, manpower, capacity building and teacher training was also common problem.
The study concluded that the political interference in the educational affairs at district level needs to be looked into by the provincial and federal governments. Sufficient funds may be placed at the disposal of the EDOs for ensuring better functioning of the present system. The EDOs may be empowered by giving them all the authorities of the educational set up at district levels. The powers may be further devolved up to Tehsil, Union Council and institution level so that the teachers and the local community may directly take up the educational activities based on their realistic decisions and with the active involvement of communities in their respective districts. The training of the EDOs, DEOs, heads of the Institutions and Subject Specialists/SSs may be arranged through Academy of Educational Planning and Management and Educational Planning Policy Studies and Leadership Department of AIOU at federal level and Regional Institutes for Teachers Education at provincial level.

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3,305 KB
S. No. Chapter Title of the Chapters Page Size (KB)
1 0 CONTENTS

 

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1

INTRODUCTION

1.1 Statements of the Problem
1.2 Objectives of the Study
1.3 Research Questions
1.4 Significance of the Study
1.5 Delimitations of the Study
1.6 Limitations of Study
1.7 Method of the Study
1.8 Tool for Collecting Data
1.9 Collection of Data
1.10 Analysis/Interpretation of Data Acronyms and Abbreviation

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3 2 REVIEW OF THE RELATED LITERATURE

2.1 Centralization
2.2 Decentralization
2.3 Difference Between Centralization and Decentralization
2.4 Types of Decentralization
2.5 Five forms of Decentralization
2.6 Pre-requisite of successful decentralization
2.7 Involvement of local community in Decentralization
2.8 Decentralization of Education
2.9 Decentralization of Education in Comparative Perspective
2.10 Efforts of Decentralization of Education in Pakistan
2.11 Importance of Decentralization
2.12 Limitations of Decentralization
2.13 Decentralization and School Effectiveness
2.14 Educational Management set up in Pakistan
2.15 Education System of Pakistan
2.16 Devolution of Powers, 2000
2.17 Role of EDOs and DEOs under Devolution Plan
2.18 The Structural Changes After Devolution
2.19 Researches in the Relevant Area

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4 3 PROCEDURE OF THE STUDY

3.1 Theoretical framework
3.2 Design of the study
3.3 Population
3.4 Sample
3.5 Sources of data
3.6 Instruments and their Developments
3.7 Validation of the Questionnaires
3.8 Procedure of Data Collection
3.9 Data Analysis

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5 4 ANALYSIS AND INTERPRETATION OF DATA


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5

SUMMARY, FINDINGS, CONCLUSIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS

5.1 Summary
5.2 Findings
5.3 Conclusions
5.4 Recommendations

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REFERENCES & APPENDICES

 

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