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Title of Thesis

Improving Operational Performance And Management Of Canal Irrigation System Using Hydraulic Modeling

Author(s)

Javaid Akhtar Tariq

Institute/University/Department Details
Center Of Excellence In Water Resources Engineering / University Of Engineering And Technology, Lahore
Session
2010
Subject
Water Resources Engineering
Number of Pages
215
Keywords (Extracted from title, table of contents and abstract of thesis)
Improving, Operational, Performance, Management, Canal, Irrigation,  Hydraulic, Modeling, Water, resources, Hydraulic

Abstract
Water resources development and management acquired new dimensions in Pakistan. Recently, the Government of Pakistan has taken strategic initiatives and primarily focused on governance, decentralization and participation of the farmers by transforming the Provincial Irrigation Department (PID) to the Frontier Irrigation and Drainage Authority (FIDA). Management responsibilities are decentralized at canal command level to Area Water Boards (AWBs) and most of the existing functions at distributary level are performed by the farmer’s organizations (FOs). Recently six distributaries have been handed over to the farmer organizations under the irrigation management transfer (IMT) programme in Swat Canal Area Water Board (SCAWB).
The study was conducted to analyse the operational performance using hydraulic simulation modeling. To assess the impact of IMT on the performance of the irrigation system a database oriented irrigation management information system (IMIS) technique has been developed and utilized. The Simulation of Irrigation Canal (SIC) hydrodynamic model was used to analyse the improved operational scenarios for the irrigation systems operation at distributary level, to provide the system managers and farmers organizations to update the managerial control and plan operational activities through improved understanding of the system. Results of the study revealed that irrigation supplies are in excess of the crop water requirements. The relative water supply (RWS) index varies from 1.66 to 2.02 during summer, whereas in winter it varies from 2.22 to 2.55. The delivery performance ratio (DPR) during summer varies from 0.78 to 0.83 and in
winter from 0.63 to 0.73. Irrigation supplies were reliable over the whole growing season. Due to modernization of the irrigation systems and enhanced water allowance, the annual cropping intensity and yield have increased significantly. There is a prominent increase in yield of maize (40 percent), sugarcane (55 percent) and wheat (43 percent) while the cropping intensity has increased by 25 percent.
The Irrigation service fee (ISF) collection analysis indicated that all the FOs performed well during the first year (2004-05) of IMT and recovered 60 percent of the assessed ISF; whereas during the 2005-06 and 2006-07, ISF collected was very low. From these results it is evident that chances of successful cost recovery do not seem to be high.
Operational and regulation aspects of the main system also play a pivotal role in overall irrigation water management aspects. The SIC model was used to evaluate the effectiveness of physical infrastructures of the Chowki Distributary. Open flume outlets along the distributary behave as hyper-proportional irrespective of their position. The head bifurcator outlets are behaving hyper-proportional, whereas middle ones as perfect proportional and tail end as sub-proportional. The trifurcator outlets are behaving as hyper-proportional. The major causes are construction inaccuracies in setting the crest level, which lead the outlets to draw more or less than the design discharge.
To improve the manual operation of the Chowki Distributary irrigation system, different operational strategies were investigated and quantified. From the results of this study, it is suggested to operate the distributary head regulator manually based on fixed frequency operation. It is recommended that from May to July, the distributary should be operated at 90-80 percent of design discharge, 90-75 percent of design discharge from August to October and 75-85 percent of design discharge from December to April to adjust the over delivery due to high water allowance. Hydraulic committees at each of the distributary should be established to operate the distributary according to crop demand. Awareness among the farmers should be created regarding the farm irrigation application methods to avoid over-irrigation and wastage of water.

Download Full Thesis
2,391 KB
S. No. Chapter Title of the Chapters Page Size (KB)
1 0 CONTENTS

 

viii
20.5 KB
2

1

INTRODUCTION

1.1 Historical Overview

1.2 Recent Developments

1.3 Problem Identification

1.4 Scope of the Study

1.5 Specific Objectives

1
80.3 KB
3 2 REVIEW OF LITERATURE

2.1 Irrigation Management

2.2 Design and Management Interaction

2.3 Irrigation Management Information System (IMIS)

2.4 Irrigation Management Transfer

2.5 Modernization of Irrigation Systems

2.6 Flow Control in Irrigation Systems

2.7 Performance Assessment

2.8 Modeling Needs in Water Management

2.9 Hydraulic Modeling Software

2.10 Comparison of Irrigation Simulation Models

9
711 KB
4 3 MATERIALS AND METHODS

3.1 Upper Swat Canal Irrigation System

3.2 Proposed Irrigation Management Information System

3.3 Data Collection Methodology

3.4 Performance Indicators

3.5 Model Selection

39
475 KB
5 4 SIMULATION OF IRRIGATION CANALS (SIC) MODEL

4.1 Topographic Module

4.2 Steady Flow Computations

4.3 Unsteady Flow Computations

4.4 Modeling Capabilities

4.5 Steady State Flow Calculations

4.6 Unsteady Flow Calculations

4.7 Cross Structures

4.8 Performance Indicators

68
282 KB
6 5 RESULTS AND DISCUSSION

5.1 Irrigation Management Information System

5.2 Relative Water Supply

5.3 Delivery Performance Ration and Reliability

5.4 Crop Yields

5.5 Cost Recovery

5.6 Actual Strategies for Operation of Irrigation System

5.7 Calibration and Validation of SIC Model

5.8 Evaluation of Hydraulic Behaviour of Irrigation System using SIC Model

5.9 SIC as Decision Support Tool for Manual Operation Irrigation System

88


336 KB
7 6 SUMMARY, CONCLUSIONS & RECOMMENDATIONS

6.1 Summary

6.2 Conclusions

6.3 Recommendations

128


92 KB
8 7 REFERENCES & APPENDICES

134


784 KB