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Title of Thesis

Teaching the Writing of English Exploring the Impact of Process Approach on the under Graduate Students of Shah Abdul Latif University, Khairpur

Author(s)

Ghulam Mustafa Mashori

Institute/University/Department Details
Department of English, Faculty of Social Sciences and Arts / Shah Abdul Latif University Khairpur, Sindh
Session
1992
Subject
English (Applied Linguistics)
Number of Pages
313
Keywords (Extracted from title, table of contents and abstract of thesis)
Language, Process, Classroom, Exploring, Teaching, Students, University, Graduate, Writing, Approach, Impact, Participants, Performance, Experimental

Abstract
The importance of English Language teaching in Pakistan is gaining increasing popularity.Apart from the fact that there is a great dearth of research in ELT in Pakistan and that there are no studies existing in Pakistan about the use of process based method of teaching writing at undergraduates level, one importance of this study lies in the fact that without improving upon the pedagogical trends, the writing efficiency of the students can not be developed.This study was designed to explore the impact of process based teaching of writing on the writing performance of undergraduates of Shah Abdul Latif University, Khairpur.The study focused on the performance and perception of two classes of students at two different stages of the investigation.Participants of one class Experimental Class (EC) received the treatment in the form of new process based method of teaching writing and the other group Control Class (CC) was taught by the traditional method of teaching writing. The data collection tools used in this study was questionnaires, writing tests, document analysis and a checklist for classroom observation.The subjects of this study included 48 students from experimental class and 38 students from control class for perception data, and as subset of 20 participants from each group formed the sample for the product data. 10 teachers of English also took part in this study.
Being experimental and comparative in nature, simple statistical percentages for perception data and correlated t- test was used to analyze the perception and the product data respectively.The study revealed that there is highly significant difference between the writing performance of the participants in the experimental class and the control class.The results of control class showed that the students were very passive during the process of learning writing and teacher focused more on grammatical structures, reproduction and writing summaries than on actual writing.
Writing as a process was totally ignored in this class.Moreover, students of control class showed great dissatisfaction about teaching methodology and about their writing efficiency.But the experimental class in the post process teaching investigation showed great change in their perception and level of performance, which obviously indicated that the methodology used in the experimental group was more effective in addressing the needs and improving the efficiency of the students.They can write better paragraphs and essays than before.Moreover the classroom observation analysis supported the findings elicited from other data sets. The study found that there is great need for teachers to improve their teaching practice, keep themselves abreast with the latest techniques of teaching writing and extend learning freedom to students by ensuring their participation in the teaching and learning process.Finally, the study concludes that students’ writing skills can only be developed by enough classroom practice in writing and effective teaching methodology.

Download Full Thesis
974 KB
S. No. Chapter Title of the Chapters Page Size (KB)
1 0 CONTENTS

 

ix
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2

1

INTRODUCTION TO THE STUDY

1.1 Introduction
1.2 Importance and State of English Language Teaching in Pakistan
1.3 The Scope and Place of Writing in English; a problem statement
1.4 The Context of the Study
1.5 The Aims and Objectives of the Study
1.6 The Hypotheses
1.7 Research Questions
1.8 Research Design and Methodology
1.9 The Organization of the Study

1
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3 2 AN OVERVIEW OF RELEVANT LITERATURE

2.1 Introduction
2.2 A Theoretical Overview of Research in the Writing of English as L1 and L2
2.3 An Overview of Writing Processes and Process Pedagogies
2.4 An Over View of Relevant Research
2.5 Research in the Teaching of Writing English at Tertiary level in Pakistan
2.6 Justification as to why this approach will be successful in present context
2.7 A Process Writing Model
2.8 Conclusion

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4 3 DATA COLLECTION AND ANALYSIS PROCEDURE

3.1 Introduction
3.2 Perception Data Set I, II, III, IV and V: The Questionnaires: construction, and administration procedure
3.3 Perception Data Set I,II,III IV and V Analysis Procedure
3.4 Product Data Sets I.II.III and IV: Design, administration, collection and analysis procedure
3.5 Administration of the Tests
3.6 Raters (Judges)
3.7 Selection of Rating Scale for Evaluation Procedure
3.8 Evaluation Schedule
3.9 Classroom Observation Data: Design, administration, collection and analysis procedure
3.10 The Pilot Study
3.11 Conclusion

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5 4 PERCEPTION DATA: RESULTS, ANALYSIS AND INTERPRETATION

4.1 Introduction
4.2 Analysis and Interpretation of the Pre & Post Teaching Perception Data: the Experimental Class
4.3 Analysis and Interpretation of the Pre & Post Teaching Perception Data: the control class results analysis
4.4 Perception Data (V):Teacher Questionnaire

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6 5 THE PRODUCT DATA: RESULTS, ANALYSIS AND INTERPRETATION

5.1 Introduction
5.2 Holistic Evaluation
5.3 The Product Data of the Experimental Class: Analysis
5.4 and Interpretation
5.5 A Correlated t- test Analysis
5.6 The Product Data of the Control Class: Analysis and Interpretation
5.7 Conclusion

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7 6 THE CLASSROOM OBSERVATION DATA: ANALYSIS, INTERPRETATION AND DISCUSSION

6.1 Introduction
6.2 Item-I General
6.3 Time spent on each skill in each class by the teacher and students
6.4 Teaching Methodology
6.5 Teaching Materials/resources /aids used in each class
6.6 Learners’ Behavior
6.7 Conclusion

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8 7 CONCLUSION

7.1 Introduction
7.2 The Research Problem and its Significance
7.3 Purpose of the Study
7.4 Limitations of the Study
7.5 Methods and Procedures
7.6 Major Findings
7.7 Recommendations or Implications for Policy and Practice
7.8 Suggestions for further Research
7.9 Conclusion

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9

8

BIBLIOGRAPHY AND APPENDICES

 

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