Good education is the product of good administration and the administration is not simply a managerial occupation, it demands new dimensions of knowledge, techniques and skills. Today administrators are confronting a variety of problems in their respective organizations. In the past, administrators could control and manipulate more readily because organizations were less complicated and environments were more stable but now many complex forces have emerged like the market needs, continuous changes and leadership authenticity, so the administrators and organizations both are under security. To grasp these problems and to cope up with continuous changes, need assessment of administrators and designing of a training model for their professional development is a significant topic of research.
The study was aimed at assessing the needs of educational administrators at college level and designing a training model. The study consisted of the following stages (a) assessment of training needs and problems of educational administrators; (b) designing a training model on the basis of findings and literature; and ( c) validation of training model by Delphi Technique. The Delphi Technique was based on the Hegelian principle of achieving ; Oneness of Mind through a three-step process of thesis, antithesis, and synthesis. In thesis and antithesis, all present their opinion or views on a given subject, establishing views and opposing views. In synthesis, opposites were brought together to form the new thesis. All participants were then to accept ownership of the new thesis and support it, changing their own views to align with the new thesis. Through a continual process of evolution, Oneness of Mind supposedly occurred. For this purpose, objectives of the study were: to assess the training needs of the educational administrators at degree college level; to investigate the problems faced by educational administrators at Degree College level; to examine the performance of educational administrators at Degree College level; to suggest measures to overcome the problems faced by educational administrators at Degree College level and to design a training model for professional development of educational administrators.
The population of the study was all the principals and teachers of Degree Colleges, male and female, imparting general education in Punjab. A sample of 80 Principals (40 male and 40 female) of Government Degree Colleges was selected randomly from 26 districts and four hundred teachers were selected randomly. The sample size was thus 480. One Administrative Demographic Checklist (ADC) and two questionnaires; one for principals and other for colleges teachers were developed on the basis of related literature and tried out on ten respondents. The researcher Collected data from the respondents through the instruments personally, with help of assistants and also through mail. The data was tabulated and statistically analyzed.
The main conclusions were that: (I) training needs were assessed in the skills such as use of computer, planning, decision-making, delegation of authority, stress management, conflict management, time management, motivation, team building, human relation and about the principal role as an instructional leader; (2) respondent principals were facing the problems like insufficient budget, influence of top management on the budget and performance targets, lack of training opportunities, political interference, lack of staff (teaching and menial), lack of authority in utilizing the funds due to complicated procedure for approval and insufficient building/classrooms; (3) Performance of respondent principals was low.
The main recommendations of the study were follows: (I) training agencies may provide training program for the professional development of the principals in skills, which were assessed in this study; (2) the Handbook may be developed for principals, this may be useful for them in their smooth functioning and to be effective instructional leaders; (3) principals may be transferred or rotated after three years; (4) for regular and fair assessment of principals, a profarma for monthly evaluation of principals' performance may be developed.
On the basis of literature and findings of the study, a training model for educational administrators was developed and was validated through Delphi Technique. This training model is for the professional development of educational administrators/principals at degree college level in Punjab.