I= USE OF LINEAR PROGRAMMING MODEL TO DETERMINE THE OPTIMUM CROPPING PATTERNS FOR THE IRRIGATED PUNJAB WITH NATIONAL AND WTO PRICE OPTION Title of Thesis


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Title of Thesis

PSYCHO-SOCIAL RISK FACTORS OF HEROIN ABUSE IN PAKISTAN

Author(s)

KHALIDA SHAFI

Institute/University/Department Details

University of Karachi, Karachi/ Clinical Psychology

Session

1989

Subject

Clinical Psychology

Number of Pages

342

 

Keywords (Extracted from title, table of contents and abstract of thesis)

dissertation studies, psycho-social, heroin, parental relationship, psychological stress, self –esteem, achievement motivation, sensation seeking behaviuor, chi-squre test, self-esteem.

 

Abstract

This dissertation studies the Psycho-social risk factors of Heroin abuse in Pakistan. After conducting a pilot study the research design was formulated and the Psycho-social variables i.e. Parental relationship; Psychological stress; Self-esteem; Achievement motivation; Sensation seeking behaviour; Peer use of substance; Need for play; and the need for affiliation were selected for this research.
In order to study the Psycho-social risk factors a structured Interview, a Questionnaire, and TAT cards were administered.
A sample of hundred subjects comprising of fifty Heroin abusers and fifty matched non-users was taken. The data was collected from the Psychiatry Ward of the CIVIL Hospital, Karachi. A chi-square test of Independence was applied for the statical analysis of the data.
It was concluded that abusers tended to perceive low positive parental relationship; high psychological stress, low self-esteem; low achievement motivation; high sensation seeking behaviour; high peer use of substance; and high need for affiliation. While non-users tended to perceive high positive parental relationship; low psychological stress; high self-esteem; high achievement motivation; low sensation seeking behaviour; low peer use of substance and low need for affiliation.

 

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S. No. Chapter Title of the Chapters

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    Table of Contents  

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1 1 Introduction 1

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2 2 Problem 51

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3 3 Literature Review 57

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4 4 Hypotheses 153

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5 5 Method

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6 6 Results

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7 7 Discussion

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8 8 References

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9 9 Appendices

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