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USE OF LINEAR PROGRAMMING MODEL TO DETERMINE THE OPTIMUM CROPPING PATTERNS FOR THE IRRIGATED PUNJAB WITH NATIONAL AND WTO PRICE OPTION

Hassan, Ishtiaq (2004) USE OF LINEAR PROGRAMMING MODEL TO DETERMINE THE OPTIMUM CROPPING PATTERNS FOR THE IRRIGATED PUNJAB WITH NATIONAL AND WTO PRICE OPTION. PhD thesis, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad.

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Abstract

Linear programming model was applied to calculate the optimal crop acreage, production and income of the irrigated Punjab. We have taken 25.6 million cropped acres from seven civil administration divisions encompassing three crop regions and nine crops of the irrigated Punjab representing 77.34 % of the irrigated area and 66.23 % of the provincial cropped area. In all 25 national and international prices were used to work out 27 optimal solution. Crops included in the models were wheat, Basmati rice, IRRI rice, cotton, sugarcane, maize, potato, gram and mong / mash. The results show that the irrigated agriculture in the Punjab is more or less operating at the optimal level. Over all cropped acreage in the Optimal solution decreased by 0.37 % as compared to the existing acreage. However, in the optimal cropping pattern some crops like cotton and pluses gained acreage by 9-10 % each, while maize and Basmati rice will be remained unchanged. On the other hand crops like wheat, IRRI rice, potato and sugarcane lost acreage by 4-11 %. As a result of optimum cropping pattern income increased by 1.57 %. Varying the national prices of a single crop by 10-20 % on both sides, while keeping prices of the other crops constant at the existing level, did not stimulate the acreage and production of the concerned crop substantially, except that of cotton and Basmati rice. Increased prices of wheat and sugarcane, on the other have adverse effect on the exportable crops. At the International prices, especially when these are reduced by 10 %, all the crops included in the model survive except IRRI rice and sugarcane, whose acreage by 20 %. This shows that food crops and exportable crops would be able to remain in the field; the WTO as such would not be a major danger to Pakistan.

Item Type:Thesis (PhD)
Uncontrolled Keywords:linear programming model, optimum cropping patterns, national and wto price options, linear enterprise, selling prices, gross margin, water estimation, world bank price, apcom actual prices, optimal crop acreage, production and income, wheat, basmati rice, irri rice, cotton, sugarcane, maize, potato, gram, mong / mash, irrigated agriculture, sugarcane economy.
Subjects:Agriculture & Veterinary Sciences(a) > Agriculture(a1)
ID Code:288
Deposited By:Mr Ghulam Murtaza
Deposited On:17 Jun 2006
Last Modified:11 Jun 2008 21:44

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