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Title of Thesis  
MONITORING SPATIAL PATTERNS OF AIR POLLUTION IN KARACHI METROPOLIS: A GIS AND REMOTE SENSING PERSPECTIVE  
Author(s)  
MUDASSAR HASSAN ARSALAN  
Institute/University/Department Details  
University Of Karachi, Karachi / Geography  
Status (Published/ Not Published/ In Press etc)  
Published  
Date of Publishing  
2002  
Subject  
Geography  
Number of Pages  
187  
   
Keywords (Extracted from title, table of contents and abstract of thesis)  

Spatial patterns, Air pollution, Karachi, GIS, Remote sensing, Environmental degradation, Environmental monitoring, Environmental investigations, Geographical Information System, Air quality, Air pollutants, Diseases, Airborne, Carbon monoxide (CO), Sulphur Dioxide, Nitrogen Oxides, Carbon Monoxide, Ozone, Suspended particulate matters, Lead, Haze Compensation, Temporal Variations, Epidemiological Investigations, Morbidity,

 

 

 
Abstract  

The growing environment degradation has exerted desperate burden on resources, therefore, environmental monitoring has become imperative. There is a serious need to evaluate the quality regularly, Remote Sensing technology has been providing multidimensional information, which is utilized in lots of environmental investigations. Geographical Information System (GIS) have been accepted as a turnkey solution for the complex world due to its magnanimous breath of functionalities and cost effectiveness. Karachi is one of the worst effected cities of the world due to unchecked and still uncontrolled air pollution. Spatial variation within metropolis have been largely ignored mainly due to less comprehension, under estimation of spatial techniques as well as difficulties in collecting, processing and analyzing the data at micro geographic scales. The main goals of this study are to modulate the information pertains to air quality and its adverse effects on human health and find out their spatial patterns all over Karachi. The research has covered different parameters: assessment of land cover / land use classes, human settlement growth, temporal traffic patterns, population distributions, current level of air pollutants, health implications and public perceptions. The developed GIS evaluation combined the data sets, various analyses and the resultant maps with the capability to integrate further parameters for future risk assessments. Multi  criteria decision analyses was successfully employed. Micro  geographic appraisals of the metropolis were performed by considering 58 zones outlined by the local development authority. Each zonal assessment included area, population density, distribution of land cover classes, split of land use categories, frequency of airborne diseases, their prevalence scenario and temporal variations in CO concentrations within the zone. Multiple regression models for predicting carbon monoxide (CO) enrichment at the olden region of Karachi metropolis have been formulated in which traffic and land use parameters act as independent variables.

 
   
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Sr.No Chapter TABLE OF CONTENTS i 180.kbs
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1 1

I. INTRODUCTION

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2 2 REVIEW OF LITERATURE 24
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3 3 METHODOLOGICAL CONSTITUTION 92
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4 4 RESULTS AND DISCUSSION 143
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5 5 CONCLUSIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS 316
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6 6 REFERENCES 324
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7 7 ANNEXURE 371
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