I= OFFENSE AMONG YOUTH IN URBAN POPULATION AND ITS IMPACT ON FAMILY
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Title of Thesis
OFFENSE AMONG YOUTH IN URBAN POPULATION AND ITS IMPACT ON FAMILY

Author(s)
KAUSAR PERVEEN
Institute/University/Department Details
Department of Sociology/ University of Karachi
Session
2007
Subject
Sociology
Number of Pages
266
Keywords (Extracted from title, table of contents and abstract of thesis)
offense, juvenile delinquency, family disruption, sexual abuse, abandonment, delinquents, juvenile court, youth

Abstract
Delinquency or offense among youth is a matter of great concern in the affluent society today. It is a challenge for social planners, community workers, and social reformers. .There are multifarious causes of this problem such as poverty, broken families, poor schooling and slums. This alarming situation calls for investigation and scientific research to find out the other interrelationship between family and offense among the youth. But no research of this type has been conducted in Pakistan so far; it is the institution of family, which plays dominant part in making the child delinquent. The youthful offendrs have also a great impact on the family itself.

In the present study the phenomena of Offense Among Youth and Its Impact on Family have been especially analyzed. For this purpose the inmates of Industrial home for offenders central jail Karachi, Remand Home Nazimabad, Karachi and parents of offenders were used as units of study to analyze the impact or their wards' offenses on family.

The sample size in the present study was 360 fenders find 150 parents of offenders. Purposive sampling has been applied for the selection of sample size. Accidental sampling method has been applied to interview the parents of offenders. The data was collected with the help of interview schedule designed separately for offenders and the parents of offenders. In the present study emerging profile of offenders indicated 'that the majority of offenders belonged to 11 to 15 years of age, most of them were working some where and most of them were illiterate, while those who had been to school, mostly were dropped out and rest of offenders were Madarsah literate. The socio-economic condition of offenders' families indicated low status. Parents were from middle age, majority of them being illiterate. A large number of offenders were Pushto speaking and migrants from different cities of Pakistan. Mostly they belonged to broken families of large size. Poverty and paucity of money were the major reasons of offense. Gang and friends, influence was also a reason to multiply the incidences of delinquency.

Furthermore it has been found out by the results that the lack of interest of parents in child activities was a great correlate of offense among youths. The impact of delinquency on family has also been observed. It means there is not only the problem of delinquency among children but the sufferings, and social and financial set backs of the family for a along period of time do occur side by side. Parents and guardians were unable to do justice with other children because of high expenses.

It has been also observed by the researcher during data collection that the parents or guardians were too much worried about their social status in the society due to their wards' deviant behaviour and so were very much curious for the restoration of the same but they did not appear to take the issue of their wards' delinquency as serious as it was.

It may be concluded that there is a dire need to adopt good strategies, like family, community, peers interventions in the matter to control the phenomena and refrain our youth from offenses in future, which is alarming for society.

Download Full Thesis
5665.05 KB
S. No. Chapter Title of the Chapters Page Size (KB)
1 0 Contents
578.3 KB
2 1 Statement Of The Problem 1
874.63 KB
  1.1 The Term Juvenile Delinquency Vs Offense Among Youth 2
  1.2 Distinction Between A Criminal And A Delinquent 3
  1.3 Historical Background Of Juvenile Delinquency 7
  1.4 Conceptual Analysis Of Offense Among Youth Or Juvenile Delinquency 12
  1.5 Social Perspective Of Juvenile Delinquency 13
  1.6 Legal Perspective Of Juvenile Delinquency 16
  1.7 Psychological Perspective Of Juvenile Delinquency 17
  1.8 Urban Population And Juvenile Delinquency 19
  1.9 Urban Family And Juvenile Delinquency 21
  1.10 Family Disruption 23
  1.11 Family Relationship 24
  1.12 Delinquent Siblings Or Criminal Parents 26
  1.13 The Child's Birth Order 27
  1.14 Disciplin In The Home 27
  1.15 Working Mothers And Delinquency 27
  1.16 Social Class And Delinquency 28
  1.17 Child Abuse And Neglect 28
  1.18 Types Of Child Abuse And Neglect 29
  1.19 Non-Accidental Physical Injury 29
  1.20 Physical Neglect 29
  1.21 Emotional Abuse Or Neglect 29
  1.22 Sexual Abuse 29
  1.23 Abandonment 30
  1.24 Age Determination Of Delinquents 30
  1.25 Age Limit Of Delinquents In Pakistan 32
  1.26 Juvenile Justice System In Pakistan 34
  1.27 Aims And Objectives Of The Law 36
  1.28 Juvenile Courts 37
  1.29 Juvenile Court , In Pakistan 38
  1.30 Power And Functions Of Courts Having Jurisdiction Under The Act 1955 38
  1.31 Power Of Court According To JJO 2000 38
  1.32 Courts Empowered To Exercise. Powers Of Juvenile Court 38
  1.33 Appointment And Nominate Of Judges 39
  1.34 Arrest And Bail Procedure 40
  1.35 Probation 41
  1.36 Probation Clauses 41
  1.37 Power Of Court According To JJO 2000 42
  1.38 Juvenile Delinquency And Punishment 42
  1.39 Significance Of The Study 43
  1.40 Scope Of The Study 45
  1.41 Objectives Of The Study 46
  1.42 Hypotheses 47
  1.43 Definition Of Key Terms 49
3 2 Theoretical Framework And Review Of Related Literature 55
555.08 KB
  2.1 Related Theories 55
  2.2 Theories On Delinquency 56
  2.3 Supernatural Theories 57
  2.4 Classical Theory 58
  2.5 Rational Choice Theory
  2.6 The Neoclassical Theory 58
  2.7 Theory Of Positivism 60
  2.8 Biological Theories 61
  2.9 Body Type And Crime 61
  2.10 Psyciiological Theories 70
  2.11 Evaluation Of Psychological Theories 70
  2.12 Sociological Theories 79
  2.13 Anomie And Socio Cultural Disorganization Theory 82
  2.14 Radical Theory 85
  2.15 Female Delinquency 87
  2.16 Social Structure Theories 88
  2.17 Cultural Transmission Theories 89
  2.18 Sellin's Theory Of Culture Conflict 89
  2.19 Lower Class Theory 89
  2.20 Strain Theory 90
  2.21 Social Process Theories 91
  2.22 Differential Association Theory 91
  2.23 Drift Theory 92
  2.24 Control Theories 93
  2.25 A. Personal Control Theory 94
  2.26 B. Psychoanalysis 94
  2.27 C. Containment Theory 95
  2.28 D. The Social Bond Theory 95
  2.29 Middle Range Theory 96
  2.30 Review Of The Related Literature 97
4 3 Research Methodology 100
213.71 KB
  3.1 Research Design 101
  3.2 Types Of Research 101
  3.3 Descriptive Study 101
  3.4 Explanatory Study 102
  3.5 Exploratury Study 102
  3.6 Unit Of Analysis 103
  3.7 Universe 104
  3.8 Allocation Of Sample Stratum 106
  3.8 Procedure Of Data Collection 107
  3.9 Instruments Of Data Collection 108
  3.10 Measurement Of Variable 109
  3.11 Bivariate Analysis 110
  3.12 Triangulation 110
  3.13 Types Of Triangulation 110
  3.14 Pre-Testing Of The Interview Schedule 111
  3.15 Discussion With Data Collection Associates 111
  3.16 Checking And Editing 1 2
  3.17 Coding 112
  3.18 Analysis Of Data 112
  3.19 Statistical Tools To Analyze The Data 113
  3.20 Chi-Square Test Of Independence 113
  3.21 Formula Of Chi-Square 113
  3.22 Level Of Significance 114
  3.23 Degree Of Freedom 114
  3.24 Co-Efficient (C) And Carmer's 0 14
  3.25 Logistic Regression Models 115
5 4 Analysis Of Interpretation Of Data 117
3165.03 KB
  4.1 Contingency Tables 117
  4.2 Hypothesis Testing 207
6 5 Summary Of The Findings, Limitations, Conclusions And Recommendations 244
262.4 KB
  5.1 Findings 244
  5.2 Impact On Family 245
  5.3 Limitations 250
  5.4 Conclusion And Recommendations 254
  5.5 Strategies For The Care And Control Of Offense Among Youth 263
  5.6 Social Development Model 264
  5.7 Family Intervention 265
  5.8 School Focused Intervention 265
  5.9 Peer Focused Intervention 266
  5.10 Community Intervention 266
7 6 Appendices
355.96 KB
  6.1 Bibliography
  6.2 Questionnaires
  6.3 List Of Townwise Distribution, District Karachi