The reduction in population growth is believe to improve a country‚€™s prospects for economic development which in turn to believe to enhance a country‚€™s ability to improve the lives of its citizens. In the case of Pakistan, we can see the rapid growth of population, as since 1909, the population of the area, now constituting Pakistan has increased nine fold. There is no such socio-economic issue is graver and pressing than that of the population growth. Thus to save the country from such grave problem, it is essential the population growth should be planned and well-checked.
The aim of this study was to analyze the level of knowledge, and practice of family planning among the currently married rural women in their reproductive age (15-49 years) in Gadap Town, which is one of the largest town of Karachi District, comprising of eight unions councils and most parts of this town are based on rural areas. It was also attempted to compare the socio-economic characteristics of contraceptive users and non-users and efforts were also made to identify those factors, create hindrances in the use of contraceptive methods.
The study comprises five chapters. Chapter one of the study defines the objectives and scope of the investigation. Chapter two is concerned with the theoretical perspectives of the conceptual approach to the problem and review of the related literature. Chapter three describes the methodology including drawing of the study sample, method of data collection and data analysis Chapter for describes the analysis of data and its interpretation and testing of hypotheses. Chapter five describes conclusions arising out of analysis of data of the study. Some recommendations are added and suggestion for further studies are also given.
In present study seven hypotheses were tested relationship of: 1. Literacy among rural women is related with their knowledge about family planning . 2 Empowerment of rural women in their personal matters is related to their knowledge about family planning . 3. Availability of electronic media facility (TV and Radio) at home is related with their knowledge about family planning. 4. Attitude of rural women towards family planning is likely to related with their husbands' attitude towards family planning. 5. Desire to raise socio-economic status among rural women is related with practice of family planning. 6. Nuclear family system encourages rural women to develop positive attitude towards family planning. 7. Access of family planning centers in the area is related to practice of family planning among rural women.
The study was analyzed by taking a random sample of 500 currently married rural women in their reproductive age. The data was collected through a pre-tested interview schedule. The analysis of data consisted of two parts. First, simple tabulation was made on the background showing frequencies and percentage by simple tabulation. Second, chi-square method was applied to test the hypotheses for significant relationship. All the hypotheses were accepted at 0.05 level of significance.
Then the conclusions and recommendations were followed on the basis of obtained results. The present study conforms that, for the success of family planning programme, awareness is very necessary especially in rural areas where though many women reported being aware of family planning but contraceptive rate is still very low.
In order to improve the contraceptive use especially in rural parts of the country, we need to use multiple media sources to educate couples and their parents regarding contraceptive services, strengthen the perceptions that religion not only allows but also recommend family planning and to create awareness among women about their rights and opinions about size of family. The concept of discrimination among sons and daughters should be discouraged. In addition government and non-governmental organizations (NGOs) should organize groups to provide counseling and promotion of contraceptive services at the doorstep. We must act as a team to control our growth rate for economic stabilization of the country and to raise the living standards of our people.