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Title of Thesis

Institute/University/Department Details
Department of Social Work/ University of Karachi
Social Work
Number of Pages
Keywords (Extracted from title, table of contents and abstract of thesis)
knowledge, attitude, practice, kap, family planning, rural karachi, population growth, contraceptive rate,population control, ullema

The reduction in population growth is believe to improve a country‚€™s prospects for economic development which in turn to believe to enhance a country‚€™s ability to improve the lives of its citizens. In the case of Pakistan, we can see the rapid growth of population, as since 1909, the population of the area, now constituting Pakistan has increased nine fold. There is no such socio-economic issue is graver and pressing than that of the population growth. Thus to save the country from such grave problem, it is essential the population growth should be planned and well-checked.

The aim of this study was to analyze the level of knowledge, and practice of family planning among the currently married rural women in their reproductive age (15-49 years) in Gadap Town, which is one of the largest town of Karachi District, comprising of eight unions councils and most parts of this town are based on rural areas. It was also attempted to compare the socio-economic characteristics of contraceptive users and non-users and efforts were also made to identify those factors, create hindrances in the use of contraceptive methods.

The study comprises five chapters. Chapter one of the study defines the objectives and scope of the investigation. Chapter two is concerned with the theoretical perspectives of the conceptual approach to the problem and review of the related literature. Chapter three describes the methodology including drawing of the study sample, method of data collection and data analysis Chapter for describes the analysis of data and its interpretation and testing of hypotheses. Chapter five describes conclusions arising out of analysis of data of the study. Some recommendations are added and suggestion for further studies are also given.

In present study seven hypotheses were tested relationship of: 1. Literacy among rural women is related with their knowledge about family planning . 2 Empowerment of rural women in their personal matters is related to their knowledge about family planning . 3. Availability of electronic media facility (TV and Radio) at home is related with their knowledge about family planning. 4. Attitude of rural women towards family planning is likely to related with their husbands' attitude towards family planning. 5. Desire to raise socio-economic status among rural women is related with practice of family planning. 6. Nuclear family system encourages rural women to develop positive attitude towards family planning. 7. Access of family planning centers in the area is related to practice of family planning among rural women.

The study was analyzed by taking a random sample of 500 currently married rural women in their reproductive age. The data was collected through a pre-tested interview schedule. The analysis of data consisted of two parts. First, simple tabulation was made on the background showing frequencies and percentage by simple tabulation. Second, chi-square method was applied to test the hypotheses for significant relationship. All the hypotheses were accepted at 0.05 level of significance.

Then the conclusions and recommendations were followed on the basis of obtained results. The present study conforms that, for the success of family planning programme, awareness is very necessary especially in rural areas where though many women reported being aware of family planning but contraceptive rate is still very low.

In order to improve the contraceptive use especially in rural parts of the country, we need to use multiple media sources to educate couples and their parents regarding contraceptive services, strengthen the perceptions that religion not only allows but also recommend family planning and to create awareness among women about their rights and opinions about size of family. The concept of discrimination among sons and daughters should be discouraged. In addition government and non-governmental organizations (NGOs) should organize groups to provide counseling and promotion of contraceptive services at the doorstep. We must act as a team to control our growth rate for economic stabilization of the country and to raise the living standards of our people.

Download Full Thesis
2022.07 KB
S. No. Chapter Title of the Chapters Page Size (KB)
1 0 Contents
113.69 KB
2 1 Introduction
364.61 KB
  1.1 Background Of The Problem 1
  1.2 Population Growth In Pakistan 8
  1.3 Need Of Family Planning In Pakistan 12
  1.4 Population Distribution 15
  1.5 Fertility And Mortality Trends In Pakistan 15
  1.6 Determinants On Fertility-Female Literacy And Education 18
  1.7 A Brief Description Of Rural Karachi 22
  1.8 Statement Of The Problem 24
  1.9 Objectives Of Study 25
  1.10 Hypotheses 26
  1.11 Variables" 26
  1.12 Key Concepts 27
  1.13 Justification Of The Study 28
  1.14 Utility Of The Study 29
3 2 Theoretical Perspectives And Review Of The Related Literature
601.13 KB
  2.1 Theoretical Perspectives 30
  2.2 Concept Of Population Control In Islam 42
  2.3 Meaning And Definition Of Family Planning 48
  2.4 Role Of Family Planning In Development 50
  2.5 Family Planning Programme Of Pakistan 52
  2.6 Population Planning Policies And Problems 55
  2.7 Present Situation-Population Welfare Programme During 2004-05 And 2005-06 57
  2.8 Barriers In Effectives Response And Results Of Family Planning -Status Of Women In The Society 60
  2.9 Role Of Ngos In Promotion Of Family Planning 69
  2.10 Role Of Ullema In Family Planning 71
  2.11 Government Family Planning Programme In Three Muslim Countries 72
  2.12 Review Of The Related Literature 75
4 3 Research Methodology
108.22 KB
  3.1 Research Design 83
  3.2 Type Of The Study 83
  3.3 Universe Of The Study 84
  3.4 The Sample 86
  3.5 Methods Of Data Collection 89
  3.6 Pre-Testing 90
  3.7 Tabulation Of Data 90
  3.8 Statistical Methods Of Data Analysis 90
  3.9 Interpretation Of Research Results 93
5 4 Analysis And Interpretation Of Data
703.09 KB
  4.1 List Of Simple Tables 94
  4.2 List Of Contingency Tables
6 5 Summary, Findings, Discussion, Conclusions, Recommendation And Limitations Of The Study
240.57 KB
  5.1 Summary 182
  5.2 Findings Of The Simple Tables 184
  5.3 Discussion And Conclusion 197
  5.4 Conclusion 199
  5.5 Recommendation 201
  5.6 Limitations Of The Study 204
7 6 Appendices
160.36 KB
  6.1 Bibliography 206
  6.2 Interview Schedule 214
  6.3 Abbreviations 223