A COMPARISON OF TRADITIONAL METHOD AND COMPUTER ASSISTED INSTRUCTION ON STUDENTS ACHIEVEMENT IN GENERAL SCIENCE

Muhammad, Khalid Mahmood (2004) A COMPARISON OF TRADITIONAL METHOD AND COMPUTER ASSISTED INSTRUCTION ON STUDENTS ACHIEVEMENT IN GENERAL SCIENCE. Doctoral thesis, University of the Punjab, Lahore.

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Abstract

This study examined the effect of computer assisted instruction on student achievement in general science as compared to traditional method of instruction. An experiment was conducted with 9th class students of session 2001-2003 studying general science at Government Central Model High School No.21, Lahore. Computer assisted instruction program for the experiment was developed by the researcher using interactive tutorial mode of presentation, covering four chapters from the textbook of general science for secondary classes. Each tutorial comprises a text segment in Urdu followed by multiple choice questions and immediate feedback. Hyperlinks are added to the program for explanation of the text. Study was conducted using post-test only control group design with matched groups on intellectual capacity measured on Raven’s standard Progressive Matrices. Perfectly matched to the experimental and the control groups. Students of the experimental group received computer Assisted instruction, for a period of nine weeks in the computer laboratory of the school and the control group studied general science in their class as usual. Post-test was an achievement test comprising one hundred multiple-choice items, measuring knowledge, comprehension and application components of achievement in three types of the selected content area i.e. biology, chemistry and physics. To evaluate the CAI program in terms of student’s opinion an opinioraire was administered to the experimental group students. Eleven null hypotheses were tested by analyzing the data on achievement test. Paired t-test was applied to determine the significance of difference between the mean achievement scores of the experimental and the control groups. Univariate Analysis of variance (ANOVA) was applied to explore the difference among the mean achievement scores by the three intellectual capacity sub group of the experimental group. Contract analysis was also run to find out the sub group significantly different on achievement. The result reveled that the experimental group out performed the control group in all achievement areas i.e. overall, by levels of cognitives domain and by type of content. Achievement scores by the intellectual capacity grade. Students like the CAI program and benefited from it. They found it better mode of instruction than the traditional method. Efforts are being made on the part of the government to expand computer facilities in schools. Expansion in computer literacy, a computer education and computer facilities warrants the need of CAI.

Item Type: Thesis (Doctoral)
Uncontrolled Keywords: computer assisted instruction, general science, interactive tutorial mode
Subjects: L Education > L Education (General)
Depositing User: Muhammad Khan Khan
Date Deposited: 25 Oct 2016 05:45
Last Modified: 25 Oct 2016 05:45
URI: http://eprints.hec.gov.pk/id/eprint/2668

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