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Title of Thesis

Institute/University/Department Details
Department of Social Work/ University of Karachi
Social Work
Number of Pages
Keywords (Extracted from title, table of contents and abstract of thesis)
ngo, poverty alleviation, hyderabad, poverty, standard of living, rural sindh, public sector programs, social protection program, civil society, private sector

This analytical study investigates the performance of NGOs in poverty alleviation at Hyderabad division. The study is based on field work including visit to 40 villages and interview of 500 persons getting the financial assistance from the NGOs. Information on personal profile of selected sample of the poor, total family income, type and size of family, discussion about NGOs and their role in alleviating poverty from the universe of the study etc. was collected through a well designed questionnaire. Their opinion and comments about the working of NGOs and the benefits derived by the poor community were obtained. Suggestions for improvement and better utilization of sources were got through discussion after having them in confidence. The data thus collected was analyzed by using statistical techniques including SPSS to the data mentioned in contingency tables. The chi-square test was applied to test the existence of the relationship between the two variables of hypothesis. Correlation coefficient and p-value has been derived to check the nature of relationship.

The results show that the huge majority of the respondents are of the opinion that they stand a lot below of the current income status of the household. The data suggest that the prevalence of poverty is more observed in rural areas where people live in joint family system. The majority of respondents are illiterate or primary passed. They are laborers working on daily wages. The bulk of respondents reported that in recent years their standard of living has declined. Due to poverty the respondents had borrowed money. They held the view that they were incapable to meet the basic needs of life. The results indicate that respondents were fairly depressed and dejected. Almost all of the respondents were of the opinion that NGOs are not making people self-reliant. The respondents were of the view that NGOs were emphasizing only one or two sectors, whereas an integrated approach to poverty alleviation is needed.

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3024.32 KB
S. No. Chapter Title of the Chapters Page Size (KB)
1 0 Contents
149.86 KB
2 1 Introduction 1
553.41 KB
  1.1 Government Strategy towards NGOs 6
  1.2 Definition of ‚€˜Poverty‚€™ 8
  1.3 Types of Poverty 10
  1.4 Measurement of Poverty 12
  1.5 Dimensions of Poverty 13
  1.6 The Research Problem 14
  1.7 Rationale of the Problem 14
  1.8 Poverty in Pakistan 17
  1.9 General Focus on Poverty in Rural Sindh 38
  1.10 Hyderabad Division at a Glance 45
  1.11 NGOs Working in Hyderabad Division 46
  1.12 Scope of the Study 48
  1.13 Objectives of the Study 49
  1.14 Hypotheses of the Study 50
  1.15 Key Concepts 51
  1.16 The Organization of Thesis 53
  1.17 References 54
3 2 Poverty Alleviation Programs and Policies in Pakistan 57
390.51 KB
  2.1 Introduction 57
  2.2 Public Sector Programs 57
  2.3 Public Works Programs 61
  2.4 Social Protection Program 65
  2.5 Poverty Reduction Strategy 73
  2.6 Non-Profit Sector and Civil Society 75
  2.7 Private Sector 86
  2.8 Public-Private Civil Society Partnership 89
  2.9 References 94
4 3 Theoretical Framework and Review of Related Literature 96
249.21 KB
  3.1 Theoretical Background 97
  3.2 Different Approaches to Poverty Alleviation 103
  3.3 Review of Related Literature 108
  3.4 References 119
5 4 Research Methodology 122
165.25 KB
  4.1 Introduction 122
  4.2 Research Design 124
  4.3 Type of Study 126
  4.4 Universe 127
  4.5 The Sample 128
  4.6 Sample Size 129
  4.7 The Methods of Sampling 129
  4.8 Methods of Data Collection 130
  4.9 Pre- Testing and Coding 133
  4.10 Tabulation
  4.11 Statistical Methods of Analysis 135
  4.12 Interpreting Research Results 137
  4.13 References 138
6 5 Analysis and interpretation of Data 140
1241.13 KB
  5.1 Simple Tables 141
  5.2 Statistical Testing of Hypotheses 213
7 6 Summary, Findings, Conclusions, Limitations, and Recommendations 252
282.75 KB
  6.1 Summary of the Study 252
  6.2 Findings of the Simple Tables 253
  6.3 Findings of the Statistical Analysis of Hypotheses 265
  6.4 Conclusions 271
  6.5 Limitations of the Study 275
  6.6 Recommendations 276
8 7 Appendices 279
349.1 KB
  7.1 Field Observation 279
  7.2 Bibliography 281
  7.3 Questionnaire 289
  7.4 Maps 301