Keywords (Extracted from title, table of contents and abstract of thesis)
hard processes, perturbative qcd, nuclear gluon, lepton, hadronic states, quarkdiquark model, double helicityflip, quark fragmentation 
Abstract This thesis concerns hard processes i.e., reactions in which the large transfer of momentum to quarks and gluons allows for the application of perturbative QCD. Three problems, described below, were tackled. The first research problem relates to deep inelastic scattering of leptons from a Jâ‰¥ 1 target. There exists a leading twist structure function âˆ†(x, Q2) which can be measured in deep inelastic scattering from polarized targets with spin â‰¥ 1, and which is a measure of the polarized gluon distribution in the target. I have estimated âˆ†(x, Q2) for the deuteron, assuming a model for the deuteron which contains a âˆ†  âˆ† isobar component, and in which the virtual photon interacts with each isobar independently. Although the predicted transverse asymmetry cross section is small, the results could be tested in view of a proposed experiment to measure âˆ†(x, Q2). The second research problem considered in this thesis relates to nuclear gluon shadowing. I have investigated the possibility of studying the nuclear gluon distribution by looking at large transverse momentum jets in deep inelastic leptonnucleus scattering. Provided that a colliding beam of leptons and nuclei, rather than a fixed nuclear target, can be arranged, a clean measurement of gluon shadowing appears possible. The third, and final, research problem concerns quark fragmentation into specific baryons. Fragmentation of partons produced in a highenergy process into definite hadronic states is a problem in QCD of considerable current interest. I have used a simple quarkdiquark model for nucleon and Î› structure to calculate leading twist lightcone fragmentation functions for a quark to inclusively decay into P or Î›. The parameters of the model are determined by fitting to the known deep inelastic structure functions of the nucleon. The calculated fragmentation functions are in remarkable agreement with those extracted from partially inclusive e  P and e+ e experiments at high energies. Predictions are made, using no additional parameters, for a longitudinally and transversely polarized quark to fragment into P or Î›.
