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Title of Thesis
CHARACTERS OF WOMEN IN FICTIONS OF ‚€œMINTO‚€Ě WITH RESPONSE TO POLITICAL & SOCIAL CONDITION IN 20TH CENTURY.

Transliteration
BISVIN SADI KE SIYASI AUR SAMAJI HAVALE SE MANTO KE AFSSNON MEN AURAT KA KIRDAR

Author(s)
MUHAMMAD NADEEM AHSAN
Institute/University/Department Details
Faculty of Advance Integrated Studies & Research/ National University of Modern Languages, Islamabad
Session
2005
Subject
Urdu
Number of Pages
361
Keywords (Extracted from title, table of contents and abstract of thesis)
Manto, women in indo-pak sub continent, obscenity, social awareness, political awareness, women in fiction

Abstract
The woman character in Manto's short stories with the socio-Dolitical reference of 20th century

Male dominance and oppression of woman started from the decline of matriarchal system and the beginning of civilization. This oppression has been continuing up to the capitalism of modern era through the feudal system of Medieval ages. But within this wide socio-political background the consciousness against this subjection of woman started in Europe under the capitalistic system. Whereas in India this change in the mind set initiated under the British colonial administrative attempts with the reference of changing socio-political scenario of 20th century. According to this socio-political awakening Manto presented a common Indian woman in his stories in such a way that the enselaved and declined India was being portrayed through it. According to the current socio-political trends this common Indian woman gradually continued to become so perfect in his fiction that within her oppression and subjection she had great human characteristics. These characteristics became the bases of Manto's Ideal Woman with the 20th century socio-political references. In his stories Manto had to select subjects, style, techniques and characters which ultimately became a great contribution to the Urdu literature. This went on a long way in establishing once and for all the 20th century socio-political concept of woman and womanhood in India but he had to pay for it. Charges of all kinds were levied against him. The triggering force behind these charges was the ethics of middle class that had emerged under the colonial-order. But Manto opposed this socio-political issue of 20th century in the court and in literature as well. It was presented as a degenerating patriachal morality. He vociferously refuted this idea that the concept of pornography and obscenity is confined to a woman only and hence making such literature condemnable as well.

Download Full Thesis
4710.25 KB
S. No. Chapter Title of the Chapters Page Size (KB)
1 0 Contents
106.93 KB
2 1 Women in Indo-Pak Sub Continent- Background & Social & Political Awareness in 20 TH Century.
1305.6 KB
3 2 Social & Political Insight of ‚€˜Manto‚€™ & his female Characters.
81.14 KB
4 3 Social Political Contemporary trends of ‚€˜ Manto ‚€™ & evolution of his female Characters.
936.03 KB
5 4 The Conception of ‚€˜Manto‚€™ about Women with reference To Social & Political Condition in 20 TH Century.
798.15 KB
6 5 Obscenity: A & Social & Political Condition in 20 TH Century & ‚€˜Manto‚€™s female Character.
667.37 KB
7 6 Bibliography
1223.69 KB