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Title of Thesis

Institute/University/Department Details
National University of Modern Languages, Islamabad
Number of Pages
Keywords (Extracted from title, table of contents and abstract of thesis)
corpus, computer science, research article, ieee, lexical patterns, corpus linguistics

Conventional definitions of genres, based on the notions of specific conventions such as of content (theme, setting etc.) and form (structure and style) have been disputed. Some scholars do not believe in the rigid rules of inclusion and exclusion of texts in a particular genre as they can be recognized intutively as instances of repetition and difference because of their 'family resemblences' among texts. Swales (1990) prefers the psycholinguistic concept of 'prototypicality'.

Genres usually go through phases or cycles of popularity as the crucial ideological concerns of the time in which they are popular are embodied in the generic conventions. The popular genre of research article, amongst the research and academic community, is undergoing a continuous evolution. Many scholars have attempted to explore this complex process of writing research article. The list is long, to name some: Berkenkotter and Huckin (1995); Montgomery (1996); Salager-Meyer (1998); Atkinson (1999); Valle (1999); Gross et al. (2002). The work of these scholars includes research articles from different disciplines.

However, such scholarly work in the field of Computer science is limited. Cooper (1985), Posteguille (1999) and Anthony (1999) studies are either too broad or too narrow. As compared to these works, the present study addresses the issue at a greater length and is more in depth.

The increasing use of computer led text corpora containing millions of words inspired the utilization of the corpus-based techniques for the present research. A corpus of 56 Research articles was created electronically. These articles were taken from five different journals of IEEE, the leading Computer society of the world. Wordsmith tools such as word frequency list, key word, collocation and concordance were applied to the corpus.

Secondly, Swales (2004) CARS model was applied for the rhetorical analysis. Lexico-grammaticl analysis was done in terms of the rhetorical objectives of writing Introductions.

The findings of the research as discussed in Chapter four focus on the syntactic and lexical patterns evident in the data. Theses include interesting N-grams (three and four word clusters); voice of the author (very different from the authors of other disciplines) and passivization of verbs. These stylistic excursions make an initial contribution to our understanding of Computer science research articles Introductions.

The last three chapters of the dissertation constitute the heart of the discoursal analysis of the 56 Introductions in the corpus. These examine the structural-rhetorical features of the moves and steps involved, and the possible linkages between form and function. A revised CARS model has been suggested for writing Introductions of computer science research articles. Some recommendations have been put forward. The dissertation concludes with a note on the pedagogical relevance of the study.

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3323.18 KB
S. No. Chapter Title of the Chapters Page Size (KB)
1 0 Contents
200.97 KB
2 1 Introduction 5
98.97 KB
  1.1 Genre 5
  1.2 ESP and Genre Analysis 7
  1.3 Rationale for choosing Computer Science (CS) 8
  1.4 Genre Analysis and CS Research Article 9
  1.5 Introductions l 0
  1.6 Reference Model 11
  1. 7 Corpus-based Techniques 12
  1.8 Research Questions 12
  1.9 Road Map 13
3 2 Literaturereview 14
496.19 KB
  2.1 .Introduction 14
  2.2 Computer Science 14
  2.3 The Research Article 23
  2. 4 Genre Analysis 28
  2.5 The Development and Background of Corpus Linguistics 37
4 3 Methodology 55
119.68 KB
  3.1 Introduction 55
  3.2 Type of Corpus 55
  3.3 Criteria 56
  3 .4 Creation of the Corpus 57
  3.5 WordSmith Tools 62
  3.6 Quantitative Analysis 63
5 4 An Overview Of The CS RAs Introductions 67
321.77 KB
  4.1 Introduction 67
  4.2 Length of the Introductions 67
  4.3 Sub Headings 69
  4.4 N-Grams 71
  4.5 Voice in CS Research Articles Introductions 76
  4.6 Conclusion 94
6 5 Move One: Establishing A Research Territory 96
330.49 KB
  5.1 Introduction 96
  5.2 Move One Step a. Showing that the general research area is important, central, interesting, problematic, or relevant in some way (optional) 97
  5.3 Conclusion 112
  5.4 Move One Step B. introducing and reviewing items of present research in the area (obligatory) 113
  5.5 Conclusion 123
7 6 Move Two: Establishing A Niche 124
433.03 KB
  6.1 Introduction 124
  6.2 Move Two Patterns in CS 125
  6.3 Types of Move 2 in CS Introductions 126
  6.4 Indicators of Gap and their Categories 135
  6.5 Negative Verbs and Adjectives 150
  6.6 Cyclicity of Move 2 152
  6.7 Conclusion 158
8 7 Move Three: Occupying The Niche 159
623.9 KB
  7.1 Introduction 159
  7.2 Move Three Step a. Outlining Purposes or Stating the Nature of the Present Research 160
  7.3 Move Three Step b. Listing Research Questions or Hypotheses (PISF*) 175
  7.4 Move Three Step c. Announcing Principal Findings (PISF*) 180
  7.5 Move Three Step d. Stating the Value of the Present Research (PISF*) 192
  7.6 Move Three Step e. Indicating the Structure of the RP 202
  7.7 Conclusion 214
9 8 Conclusions 215
1036.31 KB
  8.1 Pedagogical Relevance 225
  8.2 Introduction 225
  8.3 Limitations of the Study and Future Recommendations 245
  8.4 References 247
  8.5 APPENDICES 269
  8.6 Appendix One 269
  8.7 Appendix Two 273