In the field of English for Specific Purposes (ESP), researchers have already established that legal English courses do not have the potential to travel well as legal English situations differ from country to country. This is unlike other disciplines in ESP like science, engineering and medicine etc. As ESP courses are always needs based, exploration of needs. prior to the recommendation of a legal English course, is a must. Investigation of potential linguistic needs of learners o flaw in Pakistan is an area that has never been explored.
The present research is a through investigation to measure the level of existing linguistic adequacy of learners of law in Pakistan with reference to the specific roles they are required to perform so that their problem areas could be systematically identified and subsequently reported with recommendations.
To investigate learners' linguistic needs in academic and professional settings, an empirical research was conducted through a survey. I selected a method of purposive sampling. Four questionnaires were constructed for four population groups of legal discourse community: teachers of law, recent law graduates, senior lawyers and judges. For close-ended items of the questionnaires, data were analyzed quantitatively by using SPSS (Statistical Package for Social Sciences), whereas open-ended items were analyzed qualitatively by reviewing responses, grouping related responses and identifying common themes.
The findings provided a clear picture of the learners' level of inadequacy in the skills and sub-skills required for performing academic and occupational roles in legal settings. The level of inadequacy varies: the more complex the text/tasks, the higher the level of inadequacy. The findings also revealed that English plays an important role in academic and professional legal settings, and a specific course for English is required to address the problem.
Based on the findings of this research, a needs-oriented course has been recommended for implementation at legal education institutions and other platforms. As the findings gave a clear picture of the levels of inadequacy in a variety of areas related to academic and professional situations, the investigation significantly contributed in the selection of proposed course contents, and subsequently prioritizing and sequencing them.
The study has a wide scope as the recommended course can be implemented in various academic and professional institutes of legal education in Pakistan.