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Title of Thesis

Institute/University/Department Details
National Institute of Psychology/ Quaid-i-Azam University, Islamabad
Number of Pages
Keywords (Extracted from title, table of contents and abstract of thesis)
teacher stress, job performance, self efficacy, women school teachers, workplace stress, government school teachers, private school teachers

The present research was conducted to identify levels and sources of teacher stress, teachers' job performance and self-efficacy of women school teachers. The study also explored the relationship between teacher stress, job performance and teacher self efficacy. Another main objective of research was to find out the moderator role of self efficacy in teacher stress and job performance relationship. The research was carried out in three parts. Part I is concerned with the development and validation of scales. For the purpose sent research teacher stress inventory TSL (Fimian. 1984) was adapted and translated into Urdu. This inventory is comprised of ten factors. Five factors measure the sources of stress and five factors measure the manifestations of stress. Level of stress are measured on the basis of total stress score. The process of translation and adaptation was completed in two phases. For translation, back translation method was adopted. The psychometric properties yielded TSI-Urdu a reliable and valid measure. The alpha reliability for the total scale was 0 .85. The internal consistency was further determined by inter scale correlations and item total correlations. Cross language validity was also determined. Another indigenous scale, TJPS was developed to measure teachers job performance. The analysis revealed TJPS as a reliable and valid measure. Principal component factor analysis revealed four factors for this scale. They are TS (Teaching Skills), MS (Management Skills) DR , (Discipline and Regularity) and IS (Interpersonal Skills). The sufficient content and face validity was also found through the ratings of judges. The alpha reliability for TJPS was 0.94. The split half reliability was also determined to strengthen the internal consistency i.e.,0.87. Inter-rater correlations were computed for the purpose of cross validation of students' ratings for their teachers. For this purpose correlation coefficient was computed between the ratings by students, headmistresses and self-rating of teachers. The significant positive correlation was found between ratings by. students and, headmistresses (r = 0.89**) and rating by headmistresses and self- ratings (r = 0.62**). The third scale Teacher Efficacy Scale (TES; Ahmad, 2001) was modified for the purposes of present research, through a committee approach. Modified TE"S was consisted of 16-items with two subscales i.e., Personal Efficacy (PE) and Teaching Efficacy (TE). The alpha reliability coefficient was determined as 0 .72 for total and 0 .61 and 0 .81 for PE & TE respectively. Item total correlation yielded significant internal consistency of scales. Part-II of the research (Pilot Study) was carried out on a small sample, in order to pre-test the scales developed in part-I and to find out any. flaws that may interfere in the findings Part-III of the present research was the main study that was carried out on a relatively larger sample to have more authenticity and generalizability of the research. Main. study was carried out with two independent samples i.e., teachers and students. Sample I was comprised of 330 women secondary . school teachers from government and private schools of three cities i.e., Islamabad, Rawalpindi and Chakwal. Sample II was selected from 9'" and 1 d" classes of the schools selected in sample I. This sample was comprised of randomly selected 990 girl students. Results showed that teachers displayed moderate levels of stress, and highest scores were displayed on work related stressors. The significant negative correlation was found between teacher stress and job performance and teacher stress and teacher efficacy. The moderated multiple regression analysis revealed that high self-efficacy could playa moderator role in the relationship of teacher stress and job performance. The findings also showed that there were significant differences between government and private school teachers on levels of teacher stress, job performance and teacher efficacy. Government school teachers showed high levels of stress, poor job performance and low self efficacy as compared to private school teachers. The correlation was also found between .teacher stress, job performance, self-efficacy and some job related and demographic variables i.e., marital status, family system, number. of students, monthly income, age and job experience of teachers. T-test and ANOVA analysis showed differences between groups related to demographic variables. The findings indicated that these variables contribute significantly in teacher stress, job performance and self efficacy of women school teachers.

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2122.79 KB
S. No. Chapter Title of the Chapters Page Size (KB)
1 0 Contents
138.56 KB
2 1 Introduction 1
780.54 KB
  1.1 Concept Of Stress 3
  1.2 Stress At Workplace 6
  1.3 Theoretical Models Of Workplace Stress 9
  1.4 Teacher Stress 12
  1.5 Prevalence Of Teacher Stress 13
  1.6 Perspectives On Teachers Stress 16
  1.7 Signs And Symptoms Of Teacher Stress 18
  1.8 Sources Of Teacher Stress 20
  1.9 Fimian's Teacher Stress Model 32
  1.10 Job Performance 35
  1.11 Perspectives On Job Performance 39
  1.12 Teachers Job Performance 40
  1.13 Evaluation Of Teachers Job Performance 45
  1.14 Students' Evaluation Of Teachers' Job Performance 52
  1.15 Self Efficacy 55
  1.16 Self Efficacy Beliefs And Human Functioning 60
  1.17 Relationship Of Teacher Stress, Job Performance And Self Efficacy 63
  1.18 Role Of Self Efficacy As Moderator 65
  1.19 Rationale Of The Study 67
3 2 Objectives, Hypotheses, And Research Design 72
48.7 KB
4 3 Method 77
433.38 KB
5 4 Results 124
279.77 KB
6 5 Discussion 154
169.7 KB
7 6 References 169
547.62 KB
  6.1 Appendixes 197