I= ISLAM AND NATIONALISM IN TAJIKISTAN
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Title of Thesis
ISLAM AND NATIONALISM IN TAJIKISTAN

Author(s)
SAIMA ASHRAF KAYANI
Institute/University/Department Details
Taxila Institute of Asian Civilization/ Quaid-i-Azam University Islamabad
Session
2006
Subject
Asian Civilization
Number of Pages
348
Keywords (Extracted from title, table of contents and abstract of thesis)
islam, nationalism, tajikistan, islamic resurgence, tajdid, islah, islamic survival, islamic revivalism, soviet union, fundamentalists

Abstract
Islamic resurgence is not a recent phenomenon. Islam possesses a long tradition revival (Tajdid) and reform (Islah), dating from the early Islamic centuries to the present day. It had different forms that gripped the whole Muslim world in less or more acute form. This work identified three periods of resurgence in the history of Islam, Pre Modern or Islamic Revivalism, Modern or Islamic Reformism and Neo-Modern or Islamic Radicalism. Tajikistan remained part and parcel of their region while sharing a historical twirl, common faith and civilization with Muslims in the rest of the world. After passing through the period of Islamic revivalism and Islamic reformism Tajikistan has entered its third period of Islamic resurgence and that is Islamic radicalism This work emphasized the third phase of the Islamic resurgence. In the period of radicalization of Islam in Tajikistan, two issues must be separated, Islamic survival and Islamic revivalism. The Soviet period can be termed as Islamic survival; despite soviets atheist propaganda, religion remains the major identity of the people because like every Muslim of the world, Islam is part of Tajik culture.

The last ten years of the Soviet Union can be called the time of Islamic revival. With internal there are external factors that give a new shape to the Islam in Tajikistan and it is labeled as radical Islam, extreme Islam, militant Islam or fundamentalists. This is purely an external dimension and not the out growth of traditional, tolerant, and moderate Central Asian Islam. The internal factors for the revival of Islam in Tajikistan resulted in the acceptance of the external influence.

The post 9/11 developments are indicative of resurgence of nationalism in the region, but in Tajikistan Islamic forces seems to have brighter prospects. since owing to the fragmentary nature of Tajik national identity, Islam can emerge as the only stabilizing factor, an anchor and reference to which mass mobilisation can coalesce around. While being the member of international community, it has to rely on its nationalistic ideology

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2973.64 KB
S. No. Chapter Title of the Chapters Page Size (KB)
1 0 Contents
104.51 KB
2 1 Theoretical Frame Work 21
677.58 KB
  1.1 Islamic Resurgence 21
  1.2 Survey of Islamic Resurgence 25
  1.3 Causes of Islamic Resurgence 34
  1.4 Nationalism: New Identity 37
  1.5 Nationalism 50
3 2 History Of Tajikistan 70
577.15 KB
  2.1 Location 70
  2.2 Language 72
  2.3 Term Tajik 73
  2.4 History of pre Soviet Tajikistan 74
  2.5 History of Soviet Tajikistan 87
4 3 Nationalism In Tajikistan 135
421.42 KB
  3.1 Emerging Signs of nationalism 135
  3.2 Post Independence Tajikistan : Unstable Factors for Tajik Nationalism 141
  3.3 Factors For Weak Tajik Nationalism 146
5 4 Islam In Tajikistan 181
279.15 KB
  4.1 Manifestation of Islamic Resurgence 182
  4.2 Survival of Islam in Tajikistan 185
  4.3 Islamic Radicalism In Tajikistan 189
6 5 Radicalisation Of Islam In Tajikistan 211
355.09 KB
  5.1 The New Great Game: Is Islam The Target 211
  5.2 Radicalisation of Islam from Neighbours 219
  5.3 Muslim Countries: Spreading Muslim Ideology or Radicalisation 227
7 6 Conclusion 249
961.24 KB
  6.1 Appendix
  6.2 Treaty of Peace Between Russia and Khiva 282
  6.3 Appendix ii
  6.4 Enver Pasha's Rebellion in Turkistan 285
  6.5 Bibliography 295