Pakistan Research Repository

ISLAM AND NATIONALISM IN TAJIKISTAN

KAYANI, SAIMA ASHRAF ISLAM AND NATIONALISM IN TAJIKISTAN. PhD thesis, Quaid-i-Azam University, Islamabad.

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Abstract

Islamic resurgence is not a recent phenomenon. Islam possesses a long tradition revival (Tajdid) and reform (Islah), dating from the early Islamic centuries to the present day. It had different forms that gripped the whole Muslim world in less or more acute form. This work identified three periods of resurgence in the history of Islam, Pre Modern or Islamic Revivalism, Modern or Islamic Reformism and Neo-Modern or Islamic Radicalism. Tajikistan remained part and parcel of their region while sharing a historical twirl, common faith and civilization with Muslims in the rest of the world. After passing through the period of Islamic revivalism and Islamic reformism Tajikistan has entered its third period of Islamic resurgence and that is Islamic radicalism This work emphasized the third phase of the Islamic resurgence. In the period of radicalization of Islam in Tajikistan, two issues must be separated, Islamic survival and Islamic revivalism. The Soviet period can be termed as Islamic survival; despite soviets atheist propaganda, religion remains the major identity of the people because like every Muslim of the world, Islam is part of Tajik culture. The last ten years of the Soviet Union can be called the time of Islamic revival. With internal there are external factors that give a new shape to the Islam in Tajikistan and it is labeled as radical Islam, extreme Islam, militant Islam or fundamentalists. This is purely an external dimension and not the out growth of traditional, tolerant, and moderate Central Asian Islam. The internal factors for the revival of Islam in Tajikistan resulted in the acceptance of the external influence. The post 9/11 developments are indicative of resurgence of nationalism in the region, but in Tajikistan Islamic forces seems to have brighter prospects. since owing to the fragmentary nature of Tajik national identity, Islam can emerge as the only stabilizing factor, an anchor and reference to which mass mobilisation can coalesce around. While being the member of international community, it has to rely on its nationalistic ideology

Item Type:Thesis (PhD)
Subjects:Social Sciences(g) > Geography (g7)
ID Code:2568
Deposited By:Mr. Javed Memon
Deposited On:18 Jun 2009 12:03
Last Modified:18 Jun 2009 12:03

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