I= LANGUAGE HYBRIDIZATION IN PAKISTAN AS SOCIO-CULTURAL PHENOMENON: AN ANALYSIS OF CODE-MIXED LINGUISTIC PATTERNS
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Title of Thesis
LANGUAGE HYBRIDIZATION IN PAKISTAN AS SOCIO-CULTURAL PHENOMENON: AN ANALYSIS OF CODE-MIXED LINGUISTIC PATTERNS

Author(s)
SARWAT RASUL
Institute/University/Department Details
National University of Modern Languages, Islamabad
Session
2006
Subject
English
Number of Pages
373
Keywords (Extracted from title, table of contents and abstract of thesis)
language hybridization, socio-cultural phenomenon, code mixing, linguistic patterns

Abstract
Code mixing is an interesting phenomenon in bilingual societies. The social aspects of code mixing which include various factors ranging from the setting, addressee, and addresser to the prestige attached to a language, and its socio historical background, determine the linguistic choices in the process of code mixing; reciprocally the linguistic choices for code mixing reflect the socio cultural environment. Code mixing leads to language hybridization that in turn gives birth to the issues of language maintenance, shift, and desertion. All these phenomena have significant socio-cultural implications in the context of globalization and emergence of English as an international language in the recent decades that has challenged the survival of regional and national languages of many countries. As far as Pakistan is concerned these phenomena are a familiar and well-known feature of the present day linguistic scenario that is clearly reflected in the media as well. In this context the present research aims at the study of language hybridization and code mixing of English in Urdu in the country. To analyze the linguistic, socio- cultural and attitudinal dimensions of code mixing, this research quantitatively and qualitatively analyzes the code mixed linguistic patterns used by the speakers in TV programs i.e. talk shows and discussion panels. Data is categorized under various lexical structural categories to study the processes employed, to examine the frequency of occurrence in different lexical and structural categories, and to investigate linguistic and social constraints involved. The linguistic data is further explored to trace the socio cultural implications of code mixing and language hybridization. Structurally the dissertation is divided into nine chapters. After presenting the background of research, review of the relevant literature, description of the research methodology, and issues of bilingualism in international and national scenario. The data is quantitatively and qualitatively analyzed and interpreted under three broad categories, Insertion, Hybridization and Synthesis respectively. At the end the limitations of the study and the contributions of this research are discussed.

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5727.8 KB
S. No. Chapter Title of the Chapters Page Size (KB)
1 0 Contents
252.36 KB
2 1 Introduction 1
233.35 KB
  1.1 Language as a Means of Communication 1
  1.2 Significance of the Study of Language: The Scope of Socio-linguistics 3
  1.3 Social Bindings in the Choice of Linguistic Patterns 5
  1.4 Code Mixing 5
  1.5 Statement of the Problem 13
  1.6 Reasons for Undertaking the Research 14
  1.7 Benefits of the Research 16
  1.8 Research Objectives and Research Questions 17
  1.9 Research Design 18
  1.10 Structure of the Dissertation 19
3 2 Literature Review 22
884.46 KB
  2.1 Language and Culture Relationship 22
  2.2 Language Hybridization and Code Mixing 53
  2.3 Role of Media in Language Hybridization 85
4 3 Research Methodology 104
188.28 KB
  3.1 Introduction 104
  3.2 Aims and Objectives of the Research 104
  3.3 Collection of Data 105
  3.4 Time Frame for Data Collection 106
  3.5 Research Method and Type of Research 106
  3.6 Reasons for Taking Data from Television 110
  3.7 Details about the Selected Programs 111
  3.8 Categories and Procedures of Analysis 113
  3.9 Transcription of the Data 116
  3.10 Presentation of Data and Findings 116
  3.11 Transcription Key 120
5 4 Bilingualism: International And National Scenario 121
425.76 KB
  4.1 Bilingualism in the World: Spread of English and the Issues of Language Maintenance, Shift, Change and Desertion 122
  4.2 The Linguistic Scenario of Pakistan 141
6 5 Data Presentation And Analysis: Category A 159
1388.83 KB
  5.1 Section 1: Single Word Insertion 160
  5.2 Section 2: Phrase Insertion 203
  5.3 Section 3: Clause Insertion 227
  5.4 Section 4: Sentence Insertion 238
7 6 (Data I) Presentation And Analysis: Category B 245
963.07 KB
  6.1 Section 1: Hybridization within Words 245
  6.2 Section 2: Hybridization in Phrases 257
  6.3 Conclusion of the Chapter 292
8 7 Data Presentation And Analysis: Category C 294
493.27 KB
  7.1 Introduction 294
  7.2 Section 1: Abbreviations and Acronyms 295
  7.3 Interpretation of Data of Abbreviations and Acronyms 297
  7.4 Section 2: Modes and Terms of Address 298
  7.5 Interpretation of Data of Modes and Terms of Address 300
  7.6 Section 3: Names and Titles 302
  7.7 Interpretation of Data of Names and Titles 305
  7.8 Section 4: Reduplication 307
  7.9 Section 5: Inflection Attachments 309
  7.10 Interpretation of Data of Inflection Attachments 310
  7.11 Section 6: Repetitions 311
  7.12 Interpretation of Data of Repetitions 314
  7.1 3 Section 7: Tags and Fillers 317
  7.14 Interpretation of Data of Tags and Fillers 318
  7.15 Section 8: Greetings, Blessings, and Interjection: Interpretations 320
  7.16 Section 9: Connectors: Interpretations 321
  7.17 Section 10: Miscellaneous 322
  7.18 Conclusion 325
9 8 Additional Interpretations: An Insightful View 326
367.82 KB
  8.1 Introduction 326
  8.2 Language Use on Television as Reflection of Everyday Phenomenon of Code mixing 327
  8.3 Interpretation of Data in Terms of Language Domains 329
  8.4 Interpretation of Data and Issues of Role Dependency 334
  8.5 Interpretation of Data and Issues of Creating Desired Image 338
  8.6 Interpretation of Data and Issues of Function Dependency 342
  8.7 Interpretation of Data and Issues of Situation/Context Dependency 343
  8.8 Code mixing and the Desire for Elucidation 344
  8.9 Discrepancy/Consistency in Code mixing on Public and Private Channels 346
  8.10 Code mixing in Formal and Informal Speech 347
  8.11 Interpretation of Findings regarding Issues of Language Maintenance, Change, Shift, and Desertion in Pakistan 348
  8. 12 Conclusion 353
10 9 Conclusion 355
198.62 KB
  9.1 Introduction 1
  9.2 Findings of the Research: Define Answers are Possible Only to Some Extent 356
  9.3 Limitations of the Research 362
  9.4 Contributions of the Research 365
  9.5 Suggestions for further Research 370
  9.6 Conclusion: A Final Word 371
11 10 References 373
850.51 KB
  10.1 Appendix A i
  10.2 Appendix B iv
  10.3 Appendix C 1
  10.4 Appendix D 1
  10.5 Appendix E 1