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Title of Thesis

Institute/University/Department Details
National Institute of Psychology/ Quaid-i-Azam University, Islamabad
Number of Pages
Keywords (Extracted from title, table of contents and abstract of thesis)
pattern of responses, psychotic females, rorschach, schizophrenic, psychotic depressives

The study is based upon Rorschach responses of 150 psychotic depressive, schizophrenic and normal females in the age range of25-45 years. The sample of normal females was selected randomly from Rawalpindi city, whereas, the 30 protocols each of inpatient classified as psychotic depressives and schizophrenics and the random sample of 60 psychotic females were taken from the various hospitals of Karachi, Lahore, Peshawar and Rawalpindi. The Rorschach was administered to the subjects individually along with a bio-data sheet. For the overall administration and scoring Klopfer Davidson (1962) system was used. However, for the form level rating Beck et al. (1960) criterion of good and poor form was employed. The study was conducted in two steps; i) study 1 served the purpose of establishing pattern of responses of psychotic depressives, schizophrenics and normal. These established patterns of three groups formed the basis of post- classification of random samples of psychotic females, ii), whereas, study 2 served the purpose of determining the discriminant validity of Rorschach. For the scoring of critical scores of schizophrenia and psychotic depression various content categories introduced by Exner (1974) were used. The analysis of responses of classified psychotic depressives, schizophrenics and normals of study I revealed the pattern of responses for each group on Rorschach in Pakistani culture. The obtained patterns when compared with the Western norms revealed a high degree of correspondence with the Western findings. Several culture specific patterns also emerged in the present study. The groups of the study show distinctive patterns regarding their intellectual functioning, emotional control, experience balance and imagination. The three groups differ significantly on the location, determinant, content, P-O and FLR scores. In validity studies both the classified psychotic depressive and schizophrenic and normal females of study 1 and post- classified psychotic depressives and schizophrenics and other inpatient psychotic females of study 2 have shown significant discrimination on distinguishing and critical categories. This discrimination could be seen as an indicator of discriminant validity of Rorschach for differential diagnosis. The split- half reliability of Rorschach has come out to be 0.8, ρ.< .001, 0.80, ρ.< .00 and 0.85, ρ.< .001 for psychotic depressives. Schizophrenics and normals. Inter-scorer reliability has also shown a high correspondence between the ratings of the two judges. The results of the study have not only established the cross- cultural use of Rorschach in Pakistan but also demonstrated the distinctive patterns of various. clinical and the normal group for Pakistan.

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1922.8 KB
S. No. Chapter Title of the Chapters Page Size (KB)
1 0 Contents
89.34 KB
2 1 Introduction 1
428.66 KB
  1.1 Prerequisites of the Individual Plates 8
  1.2 Reliability of Rorschach 10
  1.3 Validity of Rorschach 12
  1.4 Rorschach in Cross-cultural Studies 16
  1.5 Card Pull of the Rorschach 33
  1.6 Popular Responses 41
3 2 Diagnostic Indices of Rorschach 45
228.17 KB
  2.1 Rorschach Normative Studies 47
  2.2 Rorschach Indices of Schizophrenia 50
  2.3 Rorschach Indices of Depression 53
  2.4 Rorschach Patterns of Different 56
  2.5 Scoring Symbols 69
  2.6 Statement of Problem 70
  2.7 Aims of the Study
4 3 Design of the Study 71
928.25 KB
  3.1 Method 72
  3.2 Results 76
  3.3 Discussion 114
  3.4 Inner Resources and Impulse Life 114
  3.5 EB: lntroversive :Extratensive Balance 117
  3.6 Proportions Relating to Costructive Control 118
  3.7 Intellectual Interest and Ambition 119
  3.8 Location Scores 122
  3.9 Determinant Scores 128
  3.10 Content Scores 136
  3.11 Pattern of Responses of Psychotic Depressives on Distinguishing and Critical Categories of Rorschach 151
  3.12 Pattern of Responses Schizophrenics on Distinguishing and Critical Categories of Rorschach 153
  3.13 Pattern of Responses Normals on Distinguishing and Critical Categories of Rorschach 155
  3.14 Pattern Summary 158
  3.15 Rorschach Pattern of Responses of Psychotic Depressives, Schizophrenics and normals
5 4 Reliability and Validity 173
104.96 KB
  4.1 Inter-scores Reliability 173
  4.2 Split-half Reliability of Rorschach 176
  4.3 Discriminant Validity of Rorschach 179
6 5 Study 2 184
82.27 KB
  5.1 Method 184
  5.2 Sample 184
  5.3 Post-classification of Psychotic Depressives, Schizophrenics and other Inpatient psychotic Females 186
  5.4 Analysis 187
7 6 Discussion and Conclusion 192
73.8 KB
8 7 Summary 201
249.5 KB
  7.1 References 204
  7.2 Appendices