I= THE ASSESSMENT OF ATTRIBUTIONAL STYLES OF DEPRESSIVES AND NON-DEPRESSIVES THROUGH AND INDIGENOUSLY DEVELOPED DEPRESSION SCALE
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Title of Thesis
THE ASSESSMENT OF ATTRIBUTIONAL STYLES OF DEPRESSIVES AND NON-DEPRESSIVES THROUGH AND INDIGENOUSLY DEVELOPED DEPRESSION SCALE

Author(s)
Salma Siddiqui
Institute/University/Department Details
National Institute of Psychology/ Centre of excellence Quaid-i-Azam University Islamabad
Session
1992
Subject
Psychology
Number of Pages
143
Keywords (Extracted from title, table of contents and abstract of thesis)
attributional styles, depressives ,non-depressives, depression scale, pleasant events, unpleasant events, depression

Abstract
The present research, which comprised of two studies, investigated the relationship of attributional style and depression. The first study purported to develop and validate a self-report scale to measure depression in both clinical and non-clinical populations. An initial item pool of 72 items was generated from the university students. The items were then judged for their relevance to depression by the psychiatrists and clinical psychologists. A 50% consensus among judges was taken as criteria to select the depression related items. Thirty-six items so obtained were split into two equivalent halves and tested on the clinical as well as non-clinical groups. The scale showed a split- half reliability of r=0. 79 for clinical group and r=0.80 for non-clinical group. It showed an overall internal consistency of 0.91 for clinical and 0.89 for non-clinical group. The scale correlated significantly with the Zungā€™s Depression scale, r=0.55 (p < .001) and psychiatrist's rating of depression, r=0.40 (p < .05). The scale showed a significant correlation of r = 0.64 (p < .001) with reported mood in the clinical group, as compared to a' non significant correlation of r = 0.14 (p = n.s.) in the non-clinical group. The percentiles and cut-off scores for the clinical as well as non-clinical groups have been determined. The scale was used in studying the attributional style concomitant with depression. Sixty-two subjects in the age range of 22 to 29 years, were asked to report six important events of their lives followed by a description of the cause for each event. They were then administered the depression scale developed for the study. The subjects were then classified into depressed and non-depressed on the basis of their scores on the scale. The results showed that the depressed and non-depressed differed significantly on the dimensions of global and with regard to their attributions for unpleasant events, whereas, for pleasant events they differed significantly only with reference to external attributions. The results also showed that the attributional dimension of global-specific significantly differentiated between non-depressed, mildly-depressed and moderately-depressed for pleasant events, whereas, for unpleasant events the significant dimensions were global-specific and stable-variable. The content analysis of the verbatim of the subjects revealed further the various categories employed by them. Findings are discussed in the light of cultural variables and methodological issues. Areas of further research interest have also been indicated.

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3428.07 KB
S. No. Chapter Title of the Chapters Page Size (KB)
1 0 Contents
153.53 KB
2 1 Historical Background 1-58
1387.38 KB
  1.1 Introduction 1
  1.2 Depression: A Review Of The Phenomenon 5
  1.3 A Theoretical Analysis Of Depression 16
  1.4 Attribution Theory: A Review From The Perspective Of Clinical Psychology 35
  1.5 Attributional Style Depression 48
3 2 Objectives And Methods 59-128
1374.62 KB
  2.1 Purpose Of The Research 59
  2.2 Design Of The Research 62
  2.3 Methods 63
4 3 Discussion And Conclusions 129-131
704.8 KB
  3.1 References 132-143
  3.2 Annexures