I= SPATIAL VARIATIONS AND PHYTOACCUMULATION PERSPECTIVES IN THE VEGETATION OF HEAVY METAL CONTAMINATED AREAS
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Title of Thesis
SPATIAL VARIATIONS AND PHYTOACCUMULATION PERSPECTIVES IN THE VEGETATION OF HEAVY METAL CONTAMINATED AREAS

Author(s)
Audil Rashid
Institute/University/Department Details
Department of Biological Sciences/ Quaid-i-Azam University Islamabad
Session
2005
Subject
Biological Sciences
Number of Pages
2005
Keywords (Extracted from title, table of contents and abstract of thesis)
heavy metal contamination, soil contamination, mycorrhizae, metalliferous soils, mycorrhizal fungi

Abstract
No Abstract

Download Full Thesis
6674.61 KB
S. No. Chapter Title of the Chapters Page Size (KB)
1 0 Contents
326.96 KB
2 1 Introduction 1
436.08 KB
  1.1 Soil Contamination 2
  1.2 Metal In Environment 5
  1.3 Phytosociology Of Metal Contaminated Soils 8
  1.4 Phytoextraction Of Metals 9
  1.5 Mycorrhizae In Contaminated Environment 10
3 2 Review Of Literature 13
688.3 KB
  2.1 Metals In Soil 13
  2.2 Vegetation Ecology Of Metalliferous Soils 18
  2.3 Response Of Plants To Heavy Metals 20
  2.4 Mycorrhizal Fungi And Phytoaccumulation 23
  2.5 Phytoremediation Approach 25
  2.6 Research Objectives 30
4 3 Materials And Methods 31
356.46 KB
  3.1 Description Of Sites 31
  3.2 Soil Sampling 36
  3.3 Plant Tissues Analysis 39
  3.4 Plant Sampling 38
  3.5 Soil Analysis 38
  3.6 Plant Tissue Analysis 39
  3.7 Mycorrhizal Assessment 39
  3.8 Statistical Analysis 40
5 4 Results 42
2458.63 KB
  4.1 Soil Heavy Metal Analyses 47
  4.2 Principal Components Analysis 47
  4.3 Correlation Analysis 59
  4.4 Ordination And Gradient Analysis 65
  4.5 Plant Tissue Analysis 76
  4.6 Bioconcentration Factor 100
  4.7 Top Metal Accumulators 101
  4.8 Soil-Plant Metal Correlation 101
  4.9 Mycorrhizal Assessment 104
6 5 Discussion 123
1076.98 KB
  5.1 Behaviour Of Metals In Soil 123
  5.2 Phytosociological Trends 129
  5.3 Response Of Plants To Heavy Metals 134
  5.4 Phytoaccmulation Strategies 137
  5.5 Role Of Am Fungi In Plant-Metal Uptake 143
  5.6 Limitations 148
  5.7 Conclusion 150
  5.8 Future Directions 153
7 6 References 182
1573.47 KB
  6.1 Appendices 182-204