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Title of Thesis  
PSYCHOLOGICAL EFFECT UPON THE CHILDREN OF WORKING MOTHERS IN DIFFERENT FAMILY STRUCTURES OF PAKISTAN  
Author(s)  
RIAZ AHAMAD  
Institute/University/Department Details  
University of Karachi, Karachi/Clinical Psychology  
Status (Published/ Not Published/ In Press etc)  
Published  
Date of Publishing  
2002  
Subject  
Psychology  
Number of Pages  
199  
   
Keywords (Extracted from title, table of contents and abstract of thesis)  
Working Mothers, Joint family, Nuclear family, Maternal Employment, Antisocial Behavior, Anger Control, Emotional Distress, Positive Self Adjustment, Adolescent children, Non working mother,  

 

 
Abstract  

The purpose of the present research was to determine the psychological effect of working mothers upon children living in joint and nuclear family structures of Pakistan. After detailed literature review it was hypothesized that (1) Children of working mothers in joint family structure will have more psychological problems as compared to the children of working mothers in nuclear family structure. (2)There will be more positive correlation between Intellectual capacity and level of Academic Achievement of children of working mothers in nuclear family structure than the correlation between Intellectual capacity and level of Academic Achievement of children of working mothers in joint family structure. (3) Children of working mothers in joint family structure will have less psychological problems as compared to the children of non-working mothers in joint family structure. (4) There will be more positive correlation between Intellectual capacity and level of Academic Achievement of children of working mothers in joint family structure than the correlation between Intellectual capacity and level of Academic Achievement of children of non- working mothers in joint family structure. (5) Children of working mothers in nuclear family structure will have less psychological problems as compared to the children of non-working mothers in nuclear family structure. (6) There will be more positive correlation between Intellectual capacity and level of Academic Achievement of children of working mothers in nuclear family structure as compared to the correlation between Intellectual capacity and level of Academic Achievement of children of non- working mothers in nuclear family structure. On hypothesis 1, 3 and 5 the difference will be evident on the variables of Antisocial Behavior, Anger Control Problems, Emotional Distress, Positive Self and Adjustment Sample of the present research consisted of 256 Adolescent children of the working and non working mothers, including 64 children of working mothers of joint family structure (32 male, 32 female), 64 children of non working mothers of joint family structure (32 male, 32 female), 64 children of working mothers belonging to nuclear family structure (32 male, 32 female), and 64 children of non working mothers belonging to nuclear family structure (32 male, 32 female). Their age range was from 12 years to 18 years. Subjects were interviewed & then SPM, WRAT-R & RASSI were administered according to standard procedure test was calculated in order to determine the difference of Antisocial Behavior, Anger Control Problem, Emotional Distress, Positive Self and Adjustment between the Adolescent children of working mothers of joint family structure and nuclear family structure, Adolescent children of working and non working mothers in joint family structure and Adolescent children of working and non working mothers in nuclear family structure. Pearson Product Moment Coefficient Correlation was applied to analyze the relationship between the intellectual capacity and academic achievement of Adolescent children of working mothers of joint family structure and nuclear family structure, Adolescent children of working and non working mothers in joint family structure and Adolescent children of working and non working mothers in nuclear family structure. Further z-test was calculated to determine the significant difference between correlations of above mentioned groups. The results showed significant differences between adolescent children of employed mothers of two family structures (Joint and nuclear) on the variables of Antisocial behavior, Anger control problems, Emotional distress, Positive self and Adjustment. There was a significant difference on the variables of Emotional distress, Positive self and Adjustment and insignificant differences on other two variables i.e. of Antisocial behavior and Anger control problems, between adolescents children of working and Non-working mothers in joint family structures. There was also significant differences on the variables of Antisocial behavior, Anger control problems and Adjustment and insignificant differences on the variables of, Emotional distress and Positive self between adolescent children of working and Non- working mothers in nuclear family structures. Further the correlation of intellectual capacity and academic achievement was more positive (i) for children of working mothers in nuclear family structure as compared to children of working mothers in joint family structure. (ii) for children of working mothers in joint family structure as compared to children of non working mothers in joint family structure and (iii) for children of working mothers in nuclear family structure as compared to children of non working mothers in nuclear family structure. Avenues for future research have also been suggested.

 
   
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Sr.No Chapter Table of Contents
 
i 180.kbs
123.KB
1 1

INTRODUCTION

1
356.KB
2 2 LITERATURE REVIEW 40
412.KB
3 3 HYPOTHESES 86
30.KB
4 4 METHOD 90
86.KB
5 5 RESULTS 101
1434.KB
6 6 DISCUSSION 129
213.KB
7 7 REFERENCES 152
400.KB
8 8 APPENDICES: 196
92.KB