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PSYCHOLOGICAL EFFECT UPON THE CHILDREN OF WORKING MOTHERS IN DIFFERENT FAMILY STRUCTURES OF PAKISTAN

Riaz, Ahamad (2003) PSYCHOLOGICAL EFFECT UPON THE CHILDREN OF WORKING MOTHERS IN DIFFERENT FAMILY STRUCTURES OF PAKISTAN. PhD thesis, University of Karachi, Karachi.

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Abstract

The purpose of the present research was to determine the psychological effect of working mothers upon children living in joint and nuclear family structures of Pakistan. After detailed literature review it was hypothesized that (1) Children of working mothers in joint family structure will have more psychological problems as compared to the children of working mothers in nuclear family structure. (2)There will be more positive correlation between Intellectual capacity and level of Academic Achievement of children of working mothers in nuclear family structure than the correlation between Intellectual capacity and level of Academic Achievement of children of working mothers in joint family structure. (3) Children of working mothers in joint family structure will have less psychological problems as compared to the children of non-working mothers in joint family structure. (4) There will be more positive correlation between Intellectual capacity and level of Academic Achievement of children of working mothers in joint family structure than the correlation between Intellectual capacity and level of Academic Achievement of children of non- working mothers in joint family structure. (5) Children of working mothers in nuclear family structure will have less psychological problems as compared to the children of non-working mothers in nuclear family structure. (6) There will be more positive correlation between Intellectual capacity and level of Academic Achievement of children of working mothers in nuclear family structure as compared to the correlation between Intellectual capacity and level of Academic Achievement of children of non- working mothers in nuclear family structure. On hypothesis 1, 3 and 5 the difference will be evident on the variables of Antisocial Behavior, Anger Control Problems, Emotional Distress, Positive Self and Adjustment Sample of the present research consisted of 256 Adolescent children of the working and non working mothers, including 64 children of working mothers of joint family structure (32 male, 32 female), 64 children of non working mothers of joint family structure (32 male, 32 female), 64 children of working mothers belonging to nuclear family structure (32 male, 32 female), and 64 children of non working mothers belonging to nuclear family structure (32 male, 32 female). Their age range was from 12 years to 18 years. Subjects were interviewed & then SPM, WRAT-R & RASSI were administered according to standard procedure test was calculated in order to determine the difference of Antisocial Behavior, Anger Control Problem, Emotional Distress, Positive Self and Adjustment between the Adolescent children of working mothers of joint family structure and nuclear family structure, Adolescent children of working and non working mothers in joint family structure and Adolescent children of working and non working mothers in nuclear family structure. Pearson Product Moment Coefficient Correlation was applied to analyze the relationship between the intellectual capacity and academic achievement of Adolescent children of working mothers of joint family structure and nuclear family structure, Adolescent children of working and non working mothers in joint family structure and Adolescent children of working and non working mothers in nuclear family structure. Further z-test was calculated to determine the significant difference between correlations of above mentioned groups.

Item Type:Thesis (PhD)
Uncontrolled Keywords:Working Mothers, Joint family, Nuclear family, Maternal Employment, Antisocial Behavior, Anger Control, Emotional Distress, Positive Self Adjustment, Adolescent children, Non working mother,
Subjects:Social Sciences(g) > Psychology (g16)
ID Code:239
Deposited By:Mr Ghulam Murtaza
Deposited On:16 Jun 2006
Last Modified:14 Oct 2009 13:17

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