I= THE ROLE OF THE ‚€œKHULAFA-E-IMAM AHMED RAZA KHAN‚€Ě IN PAKISTAN MOVEMENT 1920-1947
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Title of Thesis
THE ROLE OF THE ‚€œKHULAFA-E-IMAM AHMED RAZA KHAN‚€Ě IN PAKISTAN MOVEMENT 1920-1947

Author(s)
Muhammad Hassan Imam
Institute/University/Department Details
Department of Islamic Studies/ University of Karachi
Session
2005
Subject
Islamic Studies
Number of Pages
394
Keywords (Extracted from title, table of contents and abstract of thesis)
khulafa-e-imam ahmed raza khan, pakistan movement, political movements, sub-continent, al-jamiat-ul-aaliya al-markazia, allama iqbal, tehreek-e-khilafat, qadiani, deobandiyat, wahabiyat

Abstract
Undoubtedly. coming in being of Pakistan was a great event. It was an astonishing revolution according to its effect & conclusions. Actually, Pakistan was neither made because of any need of time & expedience nor a support of any party (person) or power and result of conspiracy. But it was achievement of continuous mental and intellectual & practical efforts. Further it was a logical result of continuous events & situation after 1857. Then. there is not only a single moment, so many moments and activities were behind this revolution. But this is the reality that religious, political, traditional, cultural. social, economical, psychological activities were also behind the aim of Pakistan was never only to divide Hind (subcontinent) Quaid-e-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah, other national leaders and party Mashaikh and scholars were regularly informing about the aim and cause of Pakistan. So surprising is it that what ever is still written about foundation of Pakistan, are all one sided. The historians did not follow the correct rules of chronology and seemed clearly partial, their thoughts and view. belief and narrow mind, while narrating facts. Especially scholars are commemorated in Freedom Moment, although history should be free of effect of creed and faith. But to upgrade one who is of their own school of thought and degrade and neglect one who is not of their creed or faith, this way of thinking is very much partial and in-chronological.

It can be estimated through the below given facts and figures:

Well known chronologist and educationist professor Dr. Ishtiaq Hussain Qureshi, Ex. Vice Chancellor of Karachi University reproaches and writes that, "In 1973 while I was doing research work on service of Scholars of Ahl-e-Sunnat. I felt that what ever is still written in Jihad Moment and other Jihad are all one sided. So, I collected important matters from Shah Farid-ul-Haq". (Monthly "Faizan-e-Raza" Faisalabad March, 1978)

This is a remorseful and astonishing matter that although there are some such teachers in Karachi University who have far long literal background .A thesis for PhD "Historical and literal role of Ulama (Scholars) for Pakistan Moment" published from Karachi University, in which those scholars are posed as actual heroes who were against the Pakistan Moment, and scholars of Ahl-e-Sunnat chiefly Maulana Shah Ahmed Raza Khan Barelwi and other are often neglected.

Like this, it is generally written that Pakistan came into being because of struggle and efforts of Quaid-e-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah. While in-fact this claim is false and baseless. Actually, behind the establishment of Pakistan the majority of leaders of Ahl-e-Sunnat were in battle-field against British and Hindu colonization. Indeed the leaders and the seniors of Ahl-e-Sunnat and Muslims of subcontinent were the real founders of Pakistan. Verily, Quaid-e-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah brim-fully advocated the Muslims and proved his skill-ness by confronting a cunning leader like Mahatma Gandhi and that's for he was called "the leader of Muslims".

Like this, it does not guess, regarding Pakistan Moment, in English and Urdu history the activities of Tehrik of Molvi Syed Ahmed Baralvi (1831 AD) are connected. While, by paying attention it is seemed that in Pakistan Movement the character of their followers and corroborators is not comparatively better than the leaders of Ahl-e-Sunnat. Perhaps it was done under the strain of excess pleasure and it was generally posed that Syed Ahmed's (Barelwi) target not establishing an Islamic regime, which was hit by achieving Pakistan. But, if it was his real target than what aim of that mass those who were entirely against Pakistan and they are still steadfast on their creed it is seemed difficult to solve this matter.

Molvi Muhammad Hussain (1920) was also desiring such type of regime which may be established with coordination of Hindu and Muslims therefore he invited Hindu even Sikh to participate in the Freedom-Movement. He says "No doubt Allah has made in some way beneficent your native and the most populous nation of Hindustan (Hindu) for the achievement of your pious aim. And I consider very fruitful and helpful the unity of both nations (Hindu, Muslims)." Molvi Mehmood Hasan was apprehended nom Hijaz and was brought to Egypt. Maulana Hussain Ahmad Madni has quoted his answers which were given to European investigation officer.

The summary is as under:- (Safarnama Sheikh ul Hind Matboo 'a Lahore 1974,page 73,Moallifa Hussain Ahmad Madni)

1 Molana Mehmood Hussian did not know about Silky letters. 2 Jamiat-e-Ansar was merely established for the purpose of Deo-Band Institute 3 Were not involved in conspiracy against British Govt. 4 This blame is baseless that I wanted to unite Turkey, Iran, and Afghanistan, and attack on Hindustan, and intended to establish an Islamic Govt. in this way.

No doubt that, Molvi Rasheed Ahmed Arshad has written about the aim of Maulana Mahmood Hassan that Hindu, Muslim and Sikh jointly achieve the full needom. There was not any concept of Islamic Regime. Therefore Sikh and Hindu were is alliance (participant) of his revolutionary mission. (Twenty Great Muslims Moullif Rasheed Ahmed Arshad P.278).

The faith in one entity where as lead you toward oneness of religion, likely it teaches the lesson of Unity of nations. (Allah May Excuse me) The political mm of Jannat Ulma-e-Hind is its good example. The foundation of Jamiat Ulma Hind was laid by which leaders of DeoBand were mostly from that Sabiriya branch of chishtiya chmn, whose commander was Hazrat Abul Quddus Gungohi. Because the founders of Jamiat UI Ulma-e-Hind were mentally and spiritually related to Hazrat Abdul Quddus Gungohi, that's why Jamiat Ulma-e-Hind were impressed from the teaching & thoughts Hazrat Gungohi, which was an obvious work. By following their leaders the Jamiat Ulma-e-Hind were believing in "theory of one existence and it was the demand of that faith that to shelf to every type of partialism and adopt secholarism and to end the difference between Hindu Muslims. This theory directly illuminates the unity of all nations of India. That's for Jamiat-Ul-Ulama-e-Hind opposed the division of Hind and they were not in favour of Muslims as a separate nation. Therefore they opposed the parties, which were supporting ''Two National Theory".

Maulana Shah Ahmed Raza Khan also believed "Wahda-Tul-Wajood" and he was blamed that due to his betiefin Wahda Tul Wajood he was against Hazrat Mujaddid Alf-e-Sani (RA). So, regarding his this belie£: it was required that shah Ahmed Raza Khan might oppose the "Two Nation Theory". But his Khulafa and followers supported the Two Nation theory in such way, which is a historic fact, one of Maulana Shah Ahmed Raza Khan's Khalifa Maulana Muhammad Naeemuddin Muradabadi founded "Al Jamiat-ul-Aaliya Al markazia" (All India Sunni Conference) in 1925, in reaction of Jamiatul -Ulama-e-Hind. The leaders of Al-Jamiat-ul-AaJiya Al-markazia were so intellectual which can be testified theory historical events.

Quaid-e-Azam M.A. Jinnah had done & unique efforts for Pakistan, but this is a fact that Quaid-e-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah was supporter earlier. In annual congregation of Muslim league in 1916 at Laknow he said "physically I am firmly in favour of congress and supporting congress makes me satisfactory. At that time Ulma-e-Ahl-e-Sunnat were struggling for prosperity of Islam and for establishing Islamic regime, and were preaching Islam, it can be seem in series of monthly AS-Sawad-e-Azam Muradabad (India).

When ever Quiad-e-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah came to know about the partialistic behavior of Hindu and reality of Islam, where Ulma-e-Ahl-e-Sunnat had created the Islamic environment. In 1940 to Muslim league session in Delhi the addressed "This is my context that Farhangi wants to occupy Hindustan and Gandhi Jee desires to rule over Muslim". But we are not agreed with subjugation of both (Hindu & Muslims). We want to live agree we can neither depend on British slavery nor want to remain under Hindu's slavery". Regarding to demand of Pakistan he addressed in Islamia College Peshawar on 13, January 1948 that "we had not demanded Pakistan as a piece of land. But we had wanted such a laboratory where we may test the Islamic rules."

No doubt, Quaid-e-Azam Muhammad Jinnah advocated and guided the Muslims of Hind but this fact is to be noticed that the Ulama-e-Ahl-e-Sunnat had far before convinced the Muslims about Islam. In this case Shah Ahmed Raza Khan created true spirit for Islam in congregation 1897 AD /1315H in Patna (Bihar), through Magazine "Tadbeer-e-Falah-o-Nijat-a-Islah in 1912AD/1321AH, and published magazine AI Mohajjat-ul-Motamina in 1920 AD, and its credit also goes to Ulama-e-Ahl-e-Sunnat. In 1920, Maulana Muhammad Abdul Qadeer Badayooni presented the concept of Division of Hind, and put detailed suggestion regarding this. This matter is fore from the period when of Dr. Alama Muhammad Iqbal and Quaid-e-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah were not even attentive toward the concept of Division of Hind. But Quaid-e-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah was made the Leader of Muslims in such way that he was soon became famous all over Hindustan.

This is to be narrated that Darul-Uloom Deoband Number of Monthly Al-Rashid ,Lahore has published in March 1976 , which was consisting 790 pages, there are about 70 topics and synopsis but no topic is subjected to Tehreek-e-Pakistan and Darul-Uloom Deoband. Which shows that except a few Ulama the character of De ob and Maslak was against Pakistan.

As well-known journalist and writer Mian Abdul Rashid has also highlighted the same problem in his English literary work "Islam in subcontinent- Pak-o-Hind" printed in Lahore 1977. This is a historical event that Ulama and scholars chiefly Shah Ahmad Raza Khan and his Khulafa, students and lovers are not mentioned in any of the books which are written regarding Pakistan Moment. The matter is not ended here, even the services of Maulana Ahmed Raza Khan and his Khulafa which they had done for the rectification of false Moments. especially Wahbiyyat, Deobandiya, Wahabiyat and Nadviya, all the services were criticized and blamed, and they tried to defame Maulana Shah Ahmed Raza Khan Barelvi. Although Maulana Ahmed Raza Khan wanted to rectify. Therefore it is necessary to inform the Islamic Nations about the other views and directions of history. That's why, I selected the topic 'The role of the Khulafa-e-Imam Ahmed Raza Khan in Pakistan Moment, 1920-1947" ,and made it a source of Ph.D. This is to be noticed that my this research work is initial and in future it can be helpful and useful for research fellows.

Download Full Thesis
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S. No. Chapter Title of the Chapters Page Size (KB)
1 0 Contents
633.89 KB
2 1 Historical background of Freedom War 1857 11-119
2707.68 KB
  1.1 Maulana Shah Ahmed Raza Khan Fazil Bareli and Political movements of the sub-continent
  1.2 Maulana Ahmed Raza Khan and False Movements : Qadiani , De‚€™ obandiyat and Wahabiyat
  1.3 Allama Iqbal and Tehreek-e-Khilafat
  1.4 Theyear of mourn 1921 (Imam‚€™s death) its effects and related matters
3 2 The foundation of Al- Jamiat-ul-Aaliya Al- Markazia (1925) its purposes and some contemporary leaders of Khulafai -e-Imam Ahmed Raza Khan
1373.29 KB
4 3 Khulafa-e-Maulana Shah Ahmed Raza Khan Fazil-e-Barely 176-271
2349.95 KB
  3.1 The role of Khulafa in Pakistan movement
5 4 Effects of companions and followers 272-381
3893.1 KB
  4.1 Conclusion 382-389
  4.2 Bibliography 390-396