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Title of Thesis

Rakhshinda Talat Hussain
Institute/University/Department Details
Department of Psychology/ University of Karachi
Number of Pages
Keywords (Extracted from title, table of contents and abstract of thesis)
sacrifice, marital relationships, whitton’s sacrifice behaviour inventory, harm to self, quality of marital relationship, religious couples, marriage

This study aimed at investigating the role of sacrifice in marital relationships in Pakistan. It was conducted in two phases. Phase I involved the adaptation and translation of Whitton’s Sacrifice Behaviour Inventory (SBI, 2000). Phase II involved the measurement of prevalence of perceived sacrifice behaviour and harm felt to self in a sample of 154 married couples (N = 308). The sample was selected on the basis of different groups of age, education level, & socio-economic status (following a cross sectional survey design. The construct validity of the scale was examined in relation with other standardized scales and was found to be valid.

The findings of the study showed that females scored significantly higher than males on both sacrifice and perceived harm to self Most scale items showed gender differences with higher scores for females. In general, sacrifices related to sexual conflicts, inlaw problems & making schedules to suit partner were ranked higher compared to other items on sacrifice scale. Similarly, higher ranks on the HTS scale were assigned to putting up with sarcastic remarks & negative personality characteristics of partner & the non readiness of the partner to listen to complaints.

A positive correlation was found between sacrifice, harm to self and quality of marital relationship. Quality of marital relationship of females was affected more by harm to self whereas males were affected more by sacrifice.

Multiple Regression indicated Sacrifice, Sacrifice as Harmful to self, and Commitment & Agreement as important factors in predicting relationship quality whereas depression was significant only for females. No differences' were found due to age, education & SE.S Sacrifice was significantly higher for religious couples, nuclear families & Harm to self was higher where selection of marital partner was made by both parents and self.

The major reasons given for sacrifice included family upbringing, religious values and welfare of children. Feelings, experiences & expectations related to sacrifice were mostly positive & the majority opted to sacrifice again in the future.

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6455.88 KB
S. No. Chapter Title of the Chapters Page Size (KB)
1 0 Contents
264.45 KB
2 1 Introduction 1
1828.03 KB
  1.1 Changing Trends & Cultural Shifts In Attitudes Towards Marriage 3
  1.2 Research On Marital Relationships 8
  1.3 Marriage Education & Enrichment Programs 11
  1.4 Sacrifice: Nature & Definition 15
  1.5 Empirical Evidence On Sacrifice 17
  1.6 Sacrifice: A Religious Perspective 22
3 2 Methods 62
556.56 KB
  2.1 Research Design( Stepwise) 66
  2.2 Need To Adapt The Scale 67
  2.3 Translation Of The Scale 67
  2.4 Sampling (For Phase I ) 69
  2.5 Pilot Testing 72
  2.6 Material: Scales Selected For Study & Their Psychometric Characteristics 75
  2.7 Sample For Phase II 80
  2.8 A Quantitative Sample Description 81
  2.9 Some Ethical Considerations 84
4 3 Results 86
1059.78 KB
5 4 Discussion 134
1307.19 KB
6 5 Summary, Conclusion, Limitations & Suggestions For Future Research 171
131.54 KB
7 6 References 176
1604.91 KB
  6.1 Appendices 223