I= SINGEL PARENTING AS A RISK FACTOR FOR ANXIETY, DEPRESSION AND BEHAVIORAL PROBLEMS IN ADOLESCENTS
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Title of Thesis
SINGEL PARENTING AS A RISK FACTOR FOR ANXIETY, DEPRESSION AND BEHAVIORAL PROBLEMS IN ADOLESCENTS

Author(s)
Rizwana Izzat
Institute/University/Department Details
Institute of Clinical Psychology/ University of Karachi
Session
2006
Subject
Clinical Psychology
Number of Pages
211
Keywords (Extracted from title, table of contents and abstract of thesis)
singel parenting, anxiety, depression, behavioral problems, adolescents, revised child anxiety and depression scale, healthy family, parents child relationship

Abstract
The purpose of the present research was to find out the emotional and behavioral problems among single parent Pakistani adolescents. After detailed review of literature it was hypothesized that;

1- The adolescents of single parent groups (due to Lack of physical presence, Separation, Divorce, and death) would have more depression, anxiety, and have more behavioral problems as compared to adolescents living with both parents group.

2- There will be a significant difference between male and female of both parent and single parent group on the variable of depression, anxiety and behavioral problem. Boys of single parent would have more emotional and behavior problems than the girls of single parent group.

3- There will be a significant difference between male and female of mother headed and father headed adolescents in single parent group.

4- The difference in sub-scales of emotional (Depression, Generalized anxiety, Separation anxiety, social anxiety, OCD and Fear of physical injury and harm) and behavioral problems (Emotional Scale, Conduct problem, Hyper activity, Peer problem, Pro-social scale and Violation of rules and smoking behavior) between single and both parent group as well as sub-scales are further analyzed within single parent group. Sample of the present research consists of 240 adolescents, 120 males and 120 females, ranging from 12 to 17 years of age. The distribution of sample is as follows; 60 adolescents from both parent group (30 males and 30 females). The death group had 60 adolescents (30 males and 30 females) the other Sub-categories of single parent groups comprise of 40 adolescents (20 males and 20 females). In all the sub-categories were further divided into father headed and mother headed groups.

Revised Child Anxiety and Depression Scale (RCADS), Strength and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ) and, a short Demographic Information Form were used to assess emotional and behavioral problems and to gather information regarding sodo-economic values.

T-test and analysis of variance was applied to determine the differences between the various sub-categories of the sample.

The results showed the significant differences between adolescents living with both parent and single parent groups on the variable of depression, anxiety and behavioral problem. Also a significant difference is found between male and female adolescents of single and both parent groups. There is an insignificant difference between male and female of lack of physical presence and separation group, on the variable anxiety, depression and behavioral problem. Insignificant difference is also found in behavioral problems of divorce group, and anxiety in death group. There is a significant difference between male and female of father headed and mother headed single parent groups. The only insignificant difference is found on the variable of behavioral problem between male and female of mother headed single parent group. Results in sub-scales of emotional problems indicate depression and obsessive-compulsive disorder is higher in lack of physical presence group. Generalized anxiety, social anxiety and Fear of physical harm and injury are higher in separation group. Separation anxiety is higher in divorced group. Results in sub-scales of behavioral problems indicate that peer problem, low pro-social activities and violation of rules and smoking behavior are higher in separation group. Emotional scale and hyper-activity is higher in lack of physical presence group. Conduct problem is higher in death group. It is concluded that single parenting results in emotional and behavioral problems, though the nature of the problem may differ in different type of situations.

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5220 KB
S. No. Chapter Title of the Chapters Page Size (KB)
1 0 Contents
376.6 KB
2 1 Introduction
288.32 KB
  1.1 Family And Their Functions 1
  1.2 Change In Family-Social System 6
  1.3 Adolescents Age Period 7
  1.4 Single Parent Family 10
  1.5 Type Of Single Parenting In Pakistan 11
3 2 Literature Review 15
1031.55 KB
  2.1 Healthy Family 15
  2.2 Personality Theories 17
  2.3 Parents Child Relationship 28
  2.4 The Role Of Mother In Childā€™s Life 40
  2.5 The Role Of Father In Childā€™s Life 41
  2.6 Influence Of Both Parents 44
  2.7 Gender Difference 45
  2.9 Emotional And Behavioral Problems 47
4 3 Hypotheses 62
66.26 KB
5 4 Method And Procedure 66
245.06 KB
  4.1 Sample 66
  4.2 Descriptions Of Measures 68
  4.3 Research Design 70
  4.4 Procedure 71
  4.5 Scoring & Statistical Analysis 72
  4.6 Operational Definitions 73
6 5 Results 78
1471.29 KB
7 6 Discussion 122
1188.98 KB
  6.1 Depression As An Emotional Factor 123
  6.2 Anxiety As An Emotional Factor 128
  6.3 Behavioral Problem 138
  6.4 Gender Differences 140
  6.5 Father Headed And Mother Headed Families 150
  6.6 Sub-Scales Of Emotional And Behavioral Problems 156
  6.7 Conclusion 172
  6.8 Recommendations And Suggestions 175
8 7 References 176
823.13 KB
  7.1 Appendices