Children born and live not only in a society but also in a specific part of it, and are therefore, influenced by particular subcultures of class, race, religion, and region, as well as by specific groups such as family and friends. During their lifetime, they continually encounter new or changing conditions, both personal and social, and must learn to adjust to them. The most important socialization, however, occurs during infancy and childhood, when the foundations of later personality are laid. Whether a child becomes outgoing or shy, intellectually advanced or average, or energetic or subdued depends on many unique influences effects are difficult to predict at the child's birth. A variety of factors influence child development. Heredity guides every aspect of physical, cognitive, social, emotional, and personality development. Family members,' peer groups, the school environment, and the community influence how children think, socialize, and become self-aware. In this research a cross sectional study was conducted in Faisalabad city The purpose was to study the impact of socio-cultural factors on the personality development of adolescents.
The study was confined to children of age 11-16 years. Mothers were interviewed through a well-structured questionnaire consisting of open ended and close-ended questions. The sample size was 600 respondents. Faisalabad city was divided into three categories on the basis of upper, middle, and lower income groups by the Federal Bureau of Statistics and according to this criterion two localities from each category was selected randomly. Moreover focus group discussion from 36 persons representing different areas and income groups was also made to make their views part of this study.
This study entails with the major socio-cultural factors that affect the children personality. After a comprehensive research the factors which are identified as important determinants of child personality are parents economic conditions, their education level, family size, family structure, children's socialization level, peer group, school environment, parent's involvement level in children's day to day activities, extra curricular activities and government policies. On the basis of results and findings of the study, different recommendations are proposed, focusing on parents reasonability towards child education, governments role in providing equal quality education to all classes of children compared emphasizing on improving parent, teacher and children relationships. This study also highlighted and suggested areas of further research. Subject having potential to be studied individually. Moreover, the role of media and other new emerging sources of mass communication should also be investigated. More studies on children's psychology gives understanding to better personality development of children. Nurturing children in the best way is the key to attain broader objective of building an educated, well behaved society and nation and this objective can be achieved through conducting research on children psychology.