|Keywords (Extracted from title, table of contents and abstract of thesis)
index of personal growth, ipg, familial predictors, dispositional predictors, personal growth, self-actualization, short index of self-actualization, self-disclosure flexibility, general self-disclosure, parenting style, paternal parenting style, maternal parenting style, internal locus of control
The Primary purpose of the present investigation was to develop an indigenous f-report measure of personal growth, named as Index of Personal Growth (IPG). A e-factor model of self-actualization proposed by Jones and Crandall (1986) essentially provided the development of IPG. The factorial validity and reliability of IPG was determined on a sample of 400 postgraduate students (200 men and 200 women. The data accumulated on 41-item IPG were subjected to principal components analysis to assess the dimensionality of IPG. The resulting even values provided support to a four-factor solution, accounting for 34.7% of total variance. A total of 35 items loaded at .30 and above with coefficient alpha of. 80. The construct validity of IPG was established through three separate studies. The first study was designed by finding out the relationship of IPG with an established measure of self-actualization, namely Short Index of Self-actualization (SL' Jones & Crandall, 1986). This study was carried out on a sample of 90 postgraduate students (45 men and 45 women), which yielded a high correlation coefficient of. 63, p < .000 between the two measures. In the second validity study of IPG, the relationship of IPG with Urdu translated version of Internal Locus of Control Scale (ILCS; Levenson, 1974) was examined. This study was carried out on a sample of 150 postgraduate students (75 men and 75 women). As anticipated, results indicated that personal growth and internal locus of control were significantly related with each other (r = .45, P < .000). The third construct validity study took place in two parts. Part I was designed to develop an indigenous self-report measure of self-disclosure, named as Self-disclosure Situations Inventory (SSI), which can be used to measure general level of self-disclosure as well as self-disclosure flexibility. Part II of the third study was planned to find out the relationship of personal growth with general self-disclosure and self-disclosure flexibility. The data for this study was collected from 150 postgraduate students (75 men and 75 women). Correlation coefficients showed a significant relationship between general self-disclosure and personal growth (r = .15, p = .06) and self-disclosure flexibility and personal growth (r = .32, p = .000) in the expected direction. Mean scores of IPG were also compared on low flexibility deviation group and high flexibility deviation group. The results showed that individuals who adhered to social norms when revealing personal information exhibited high levels of personal growth (M = 133, SD = 15) than those who deviated from them (M = 126, SD = 16). Moreover, mean scores of IPG for high and low disclosure flexibility deviation groups were compared across three levels of dispositional self-disclosure. The results obtained indicated a substantial difference among medium disclosing group depending on whether they adhered to social norms across situations (M = 137, SD = 14) or deviated from them (M = 127, SD = 15).
The present investigation was also designed to examine the familial (three modes of parental and maternal parenting style) and dispositional (internal locus of control and self-disclosure flexibility) predictors of personal growth. For this purpose, data were gathered from a sample of 200 postgraduate students (100 men and 100 women). on the following scales: Index of Personal Growth (IPG), Urdu translated version of Parental Authority Questionnaire (PAQ: two sets of PAQ were used, one for paternal parenting style and the second for maternal parenting style) (Buri. 1991), Urdu translated version of Internal Locus of Control Scale (Levenson. 1974). and Self disclosure Situations Inventory (SSI). Results of correlational and multiple regression analyses indicated that paternal (R2= .22, F=18.65. .p <000,) and maternal (R2)= .11, F = 7.77 p < .000'; parental control significantly explained variance in personal growth of their children. Moreover, among the three modes of parenting style, authoritative paternal (P = .47, p < .000) and maternal (f3 = .31, P < .000) parenting was found to explain maximum variance than authoritarian and permissive paternal and maternal parenting. The results also showed that authoritative fathers' impact was stronger than authoritative mothers' impact on personal growth of their children. As regards the dispositional variables, correlation coefficients and linear regression analyses indicated that personal growth was significantly predicted from internal locus of control (R2 = .23, F = 58.33, P < .000) and self-disclosure flexibility (R2 = .11, F = 23.89, P < .000).
In the present research work, the role of internal locus of control and self disclosure flexibility as mediators between authoritative parenting style (paternal and maternal) and personal growth was also determined. The results of path analyses clearly indicated that authoritative parenting (fathers and mothers, both) and internal locus of control, in combination explained greater variance (R2 = .29, F = 40.46, P < .000, for fathers and R2 = .26, F = 34.77, P < .000 for mothers) in personal growth than either separately. Similarly, the results of path analyses also showed that the combined effect of authoritative parenting (fathers and mothers, both) and self-disclosure flexibility (R2 = .25, F = 33.43, P < .000, for fathers and R2 = .19, F = 25.56, P < .000 for mothers) was greater than the individual effects. The results overall verified the mediational role of internal locus of control and self-disclosure flexibility.