I= EFFECT OF JAMAN FRUIT AND JAMAN SEED ON BLOOD GLUCOSE AND LIPID PROFILE IN DIABETIC INDIVIDUALS
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Title of Thesis
EFFECT OF JAMAN FRUIT AND JAMAN SEED ON BLOOD GLUCOSE AND LIPID PROFILE IN DIABETIC INDIVIDUALS

Author(s)
Saleem Khan
Institute/University/Department Details
NWFP Agricultural University, Peshawar
Session
2004
Subject
Human Nutrition
Number of Pages
154
Keywords (Extracted from title, table of contents and abstract of thesis)
jaman fruit , jaman seed, lipid profile , blood glucose , low-density lipoprotein (ldl), high-density lipoprotein (hdl), diabetes, feeding protocol, diabetic individuals, triglyceride, traditional medicines

Abstract
The effect of jaman fruit and seed on blood glucose, triglyceride (TGL) and total, low-density lipoprotein (LDL) and high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol was in Type-II diabetic individuals for 40 days. One hundred eight (54 female), diabetic individual were selected for the study. The selected individuals were 40-65 years of age having blood glucose and triglyceride in the range of 140-250 and 200-250 mg/dl respectively. These individuals were divided into 9 groups. Each group was having 12 (6 male and 6female) individuals. Group 1, 2 and 3 were given 6, 12 and 18 jaman fruits per individuals/day respectively. Weight of one jaman fruit was 8 g. No placebo was used for the jaman fruit groups. Groups 4, 5, 6 were given 1, 3 and 6 g jaman seed per individuals per day respectively. Group 7, 8 and 9 were given 1, 3 and 6 g placebo (corn flour) per individual /day respectively. The experiment was for 40 days, 30 days for feeding jaman fruit, seed and placebo and 10 days as washing period. Blood sample were taken from all the groups on day 0, 10, 20, 30 and 40. blood serum was separated and analyzed for glucose, triglyceride (TGL) and total, low-density lipoprotein (LDL) and high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol. The jaman fruit and seed were analyzed for zinc and chromium. There was a trend of reduction with both jaman fruit and seed in glucose concentration. However, the reduction was not statistically significant. The jaman fruit slightly reduced the cholesterol concentration but the reduction was not statistically significant. The jaman seed did not affect the blood cholesterol concentration. The jaman fruit and seed did not affect the concentration of TGL, HDL and LDL cholesterol. The zinc content of jaman fruit and was 0.13 and 0.068 mg/kg of sample and the chromium content was 6.00 and 14.00 mg/kg sample. According to this study jaman fruit and seed have no significant lowering effect on glucose and lipid profile diabetic Type-II individuals.

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3402.25 KB
S. No. Chapter Title of the Chapters Page Size (KB)
1 0 Contents
240.18 KB
2 1 General Introduction 1
54.27 KB
  1.1 Aims And Objectives Of The Project 4
3 2 Review Of Literature 5
464.71 KB
  2.1 Types Of Diabetes 6
  2.2 Etiology Of Diabetes Mellitus 7
  2.3 Treatment Of Diabetes 9
  2.4 Introduction To Jaman 11
  2.5 Principal Constituents Of Jaman 11
  2.6 Use Of Jaman 12
  2.7 Role Of Jaman In Blood Glucose 13
  2.8 Administration Of Jaman Dosages 16
  2.9 Roles Of Traditional Medicines (Other Herbs) In Diabetes
  2.10 Role Of Phytochemical In Diabetes 29
  2.11 Role Of Mineral In Diabetes 33
  2.12 Role Of Vitamin In Diabetes 38
4 3 Materials And Methods 40
200.97 KB
  3.1 Location Of The Study 40
  3.2 Sample Size 40
  3.3 Criteria For Selection Of Diabetic Individuals 41
  3.4 Natural Plant Product (Jaman Fruit And Seed)
  3.5 Preparation Of Doses For Jaman Fruit Group 42
  3.6 Preparation Of Doses For Jaman Seed And Placebo Groups 43
  3.7 Feeding Protocol Of The Trial 43
  3.8 Duration Of The Trial 44
  3.9 Micronutrient Concentration Of Jaman Fruit And Seed 44
  3.10 Collection Of Blood Sample And Biochemical Analysis 45
  3.11 Procedure For Tests 45
5 4 Results And Discussion 53
1593.24 KB
6 5 Summary 111
104.82 KB
7 6 Limitation Of The Study 115
22.83 KB
8 7 Recommendations 116
15.26 KB
9 8 Literature Cited 117
464.53 KB
10 9 Appendices 130
427.8 KB