Religious Knowledge among other knowledgeâ€™s is like a heart in a body. A man devoid of this knowledge in the word of Quran is worse than animal. The developed nations, despite material progress, are deteriorating as far as morals and ether are concerned.
Hadith is also a form of divine revelation as explained by the prophet verbally and practically. It explains the verses of the Quran. There is every possibility of addition and alliteration in Hadith as mostly significance of the words of prophet is transmitted. As Hadith is classified into Mutawatir (continuous) and Ahad ( single & isolated), it needs Jarh (contestation) and Tadil (Justification) of narration. It was duty of Muslims to keep traditions in their original form.
Beginning of Sanad (Chain of narrators), its importance and utility. The chain of narrations started when one said; I heard this tradition from such and such companion of the prophet. Acceptation and rejection of hadith mainly based on narrators. To known trustworthiness or otherwise of the narrations to called science of the lives of narrators (Fun AL- Rijal). Seemed name of this science is AL-Jarh (contestation) Wa AL-Tadil (Justification). Ilm AL-Rijal is also defined as a science pertaining to the gradation of a hadith as Dhaif (Weak) and Sahih (Sound) by technical standards laid down for the purpose.
Al-Jarh- Defects of narrator which make his narration prone to contestation and challenge.
AL-Tadil. technically mean moral & behavioral quantification of a narrator which justifies his narration.
Importance of Al-Jarh Wa AL-Jadil. It is this science which enable us to sift true from untrue. By protecting tradition, we protect Islam. It is incumbent upon the Muslims collectively to know this science in orders to achieve the aim & object of Islamic law. It guards the Muslim from evil.
Rationale be kind selecting this Subject- The works on Ilm Al-Rijal are of different kinds. I have tried to collect them in my dissertation keeping in view their importance. The book on this science can be classified as under:-
1Biography of the companions of the prophet.
2Biography of the other authentic narrators along with the companions
3Biography of the General narrators, wherein they have been Judyed as trustworthily or otherwise
4Biographies of defector narrators
5Biographies of narration of special books
6Biographies of narration wherein their name and Surnames ----
7Biographies of narrators who names are akin to one and other in writing but different in pronunciation.
Subject wise Classification of above mentioned sources
1Narrators mentioned by their genealogies
2Gradation of narrations as companions and followers.
3Narrations mentioned according to the countries they belonged to
4Narration mentioned alphabetically
I pray that this dissertation of mine may serve as guide for students of Hadith