This thesis is to solve the linguistic and syntactical situations of the present participle such as those which are unfrequented forms and the ones used as a standard and to combine these with the eloquence of the Holy Quran through a series of twelve chapters.
Chapter one relates that the present participle is a noun as said by the Basra school and not a perpetual verb as believed by the Kufa School. It also relates a thorough study and analysis to introduce the present participle according to the views of the Basra school since the epoch of Sibawayh (died 180 A.H.) up till now.
Chapter Two is devoted to investigate the etymology of the present participle and indicate its relationship with the eloquence of the Holy Quran. Chapter Three is devoted to the study of the structure of the present participle and its changed forms caused by vowels and to illuminate these words in the Holy Quran which manifest it's eloquence and verify the motives and the causes of these combinations and equalities in forms and meaning between the present participle and the past participle to get a suitable reason for those verses which are found so.
Chapter Four provides the reasons why the earlier Arabs used some forms instead of others and have divided these unfrequented forms of present participle into two parts: a. The hearing (listening) forms b. Indication of other typical topic forms to the present participle through the speech context of Arabic.
Chapter Five is a collection of other linguistic usages of standard present participle forms example using present participle form for past participle or for similar adjective or for infinitive and giving its example from the Holy Quran with the illumination of its eloquence.
Chapter Six provides thoroughly the analysis of the eloquent reasons of putting present participle instead of pronoun in the Holy Quran.
Chapter Seven relates the thorough scrutiny of the exaggerated forms of present participle and proving it to have thirty one forms in the language and having indicated their usefulness in the Holy Quran. Given also is a study of the manners of exaggeration in the language and its examples in the Holy Quran.
Chapter Eight is devoted to the study of how the present participle acts with its examples in the Holy Quran and notifies its relation with the eloquence of the Holy Quran. I have found that the present participle can also act when dependent on the latter (lnna) and (ala) in the Holy Quran. 1 also found sixteen meanings to the present participle when it is used with (al) in the Holy Quran.
Chapter Nine is devoted to exploring the extra eloquent meanings of the present participle which modifies and follows in the Holy Quran.
Chapter Ten is appointed to make a comparison between present participle and the following: a. Similar adjectives b. Simple present c. Infinitive d. Past participle.
Chapter Eleven is devoted to study the present participle between masculine and feminine.
Chapter Twelve is devoted to solving the problems of present participle between singular, dual and plural and to discover the reasons why the earlier Arabs used the following: a. Singular for dual and plural, b. Dual for the singular and plural, c. Plural for the singular and dual, in their texts and gives their examples from the Holy Quran. I have ended this research with a conclusion including its final academic results and various kinds of indexes for the present participle in the Holy Quran.