I= THE DETERMINANTS OF CHILD LABOR A CASE STUDY OF PAKPATTAN AND FAISALABAD (PAKISTAN)
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Title of Thesis
THE DETERMINANTS OF CHILD LABOR A CASE STUDY OF PAKPATTAN AND FAISALABAD (PAKISTAN)

Author(s)
Rana Ejaz Ali Khan
Institute/University/Department Details
Department of Economics/ Bahauddin Zakariya University Multan
Session
2003
Subject
Economics
Number of Pages
332
Keywords (Extracted from title, table of contents and abstract of thesis)
child labor, pakpattan, faisalabad, pakistan, socio-economic variables, gender gap, child education, adult education, employment, home care children, child laborers

Abstract
This study is concerned with the socio-economic variables which affects the parents’ decisions regarding children time utilization. It examines 46 such explanatory variables for more than four thousand household in relation to outcome of c children activities of school, combining school and work, work only and homecare activity.

The study was econometric and the primary data was analyzed using sequential probit mode. One major finding of the present study is that children who belongs to rich families and has literate parents are more likely to go to school and less likely to work. There exists a severe gender gap in child education and many explanatory variables support the notion that parents prefer son’s education as compared to girls. On the other hand boys are more likely to combine school and work, and work only. The girls are more likely to do home care.

It is further discovered that school attendance is negatively and child labor is positively related to household size. The women are goods managers of households as the children from female head of households are more likely to go to school. The father’s human resources and its outcomes affect the son’s human capital in the form of schooling while mother’s human capital affects the daughter’s schooling. The effect of the majority of the explanatory variables is same for child laborers and home care children. Additionally study estimated the magnitude of child labor at 12.72 percent and home care children at 34.49.

Overall many of the results are parallel with those found in other setting covering child labor. The implications of the study are the following, first, policies aimed at alleviating poverty is crucial in tackling child labor and breaking the cycle of poverty transmission from one generation to next. Second policies need to take in to account gender differences in schooling. Third, improving adult education and employment for particularly women seems to facilitate the reduction of child labor. Fourth, policies should be expanded towards the home care children, who are in larger number than child laborers.

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S. No. Chapter Title of the Chapters Page Size (KB)
1 0 Contents
199.15 KB
2 1 Introduction 1-68
792.68 KB
  1.1 Aspects Of Child Labor 7-18
  1.2 Child Labor In Pakistan 19-32
  1.3 Determinants Of Child Labor 33-68
3 2 Review Of Literature 69-101
371.44 KB
4 3 Methodology And Model 102-142
448.18 KB
  3.1 Methodology 102-115
  3.2 Model 116-142
5 4 Results And Discussion 143-321
1800.78 KB
  4.1 Qualitative Results Of Survey 143-147
  4.2 Estimates Of Sequential Probit Model 148-321
  4.3 Summary Of Results 319
6 5 Policy Recommendations 323-332
467.99 KB
7 6 Bibliography i-xxiv
467.96 KB