I= ISOTOPE TECHNIQUES AND WATER CHEMISTRY FOR STUDYING SPECIFIC PROBLEMS IN PAKISTAN
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Title of Thesis
ISOTOPE TECHNIQUES AND WATER CHEMISTRY FOR STUDYING SPECIFIC PROBLEMS IN PAKISTAN

Author(s)
Syed Dildar Hussain
Institute/University/Department Details
Department of Physics, University of the Punjab, Lahore
Session
1996
Subject
Physics
Number of Pages
330
Keywords (Extracted from title, table of contents and abstract of thesis)
isotope techniques, water chemistry, hydrology, geothermics, water pollution, surface water, groundwater, tritium laboratory, carbon dating, salinity

Abstract
Techniques based on the properties of isotopes and water chemistry are being used by researcher world over in various fields e.g. hydrology, geothermics, water pollution etc. A brief review of some the application made by others and relevant to the work is present in this thesis. General principles of these techniques are also described.. As specialized equipment and laboratory environment are generally necessary for the application of these techniques, description of the facilities established at PINSTECH is included in this thesis.

In Pakistan, the isotope techniques and water chemistry have been applied to study the interrelationship between surface water and groundwater, movement of water in the unsaturated zone, artificial; recharge of groundwater by a delay action dam, sources of groundwater salinity and water logging, pollution of shallow groundwater, geothermal waters of Northern Areas etc. In particular, tritium in the sources of input to groundwater i.e. precipitation and river water was measured and the data accumulated over several years is discussed. A number of radioactive tracers have been used to determine groundwater flow velocity by single well method, aquifer parameters by multi well technique, layout plan of about 350 years old terracotta pipeline in Shalimar Gardens, Lahore. The uniqueness and effectiveness of these techniques in studying various problems are evident from the results achieved in the aforesaid application which would have been extremely difficult if not impossible by other methods.

Download Full Thesis
2931.48 KB
S. No. Chapter Title of the Chapters Page Size (KB)
1 0 Contents
255.85 KB
2 1 Introduction 2
35.52 KB
3 2 Generalities 6
329.92 KB
  2.1 Isotopes 6
  2.2 Water chemistry 40
4 3 Facilities established 43
265.22 KB
  3.1 Low level tritium laboratory 43
  3.2 Carbon dating facilities 57
  3.3 Facilities for tracer application 66
  3.4 Facilities for physico-chemical analysis of water 72
  3.5 Facilities data processing/ documentation 75
5 4 Applications 76
1529.57 KB
  4.1 Isotopic investigation of the interrelationship between surface water and ground water in the Mardan and Chaj Doab areas in Pakistan 77
  4.2 Application of environmental isotopes for identification of ground water recharge components in an interfluvial area of the Punjab 95
  4.3 Study of artificial recharge by delay action DAM at pechi using isotopic and chemical techniques 107
  4.4 Isotope hydro geochemical scenario of waterlogged soils in the Peshawar valley, Pakistan 120
  4.5 Estimation of flow velocities and salt movements unsaturated zone using isotopic and conventional techniques 135
  4.6 Isotopic evidence of the source of ground water salinity in Indus basin, Pakistan 150
  4.7 Isotopic and chemical studies of geothermal waters of northern areas of Pakistan 161
  4.8 Increasing trend of nitrate concentrations in shallow ground water in Chaj Doab 186
  4.9 Tritium in precipitation and river water 194
  4.10 Leakage investigation at shalamar Garden , Lahore using radioisotopes 210
  4.11 Measurement of groundwater flow and aquifer parameters by using radioactive tracer 219
  4.12 Measurement of groundwater flow velocity by single well point dilution method using radioactive tracer 230
6 5 Conclusions 242
462.27 KB
  5.1 References 249
  5.2 Appendices 269