I= ALTERNATIVE FUNDING MODEL FOR LIBRARIES IN PAKISTAN
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Title of Thesis
ALTERNATIVE FUNDING MODEL FOR LIBRARIES IN PAKISTAN

Author(s)
Khalid Mahmood
Institute/University/Department Details
Department of Library and Information Science University of the Punjab, Lahore
Session
2003
Subject
Library and Information Science
Number of Pages
430
Keywords (Extracted from title, table of contents and abstract of thesis)
funding, libraries, alternative funding model, public sector libraries, open system model, fundraising, fee-based services

Abstract
The main purpose of this study was to develop and propose an alternative funding model(AFM) for public sector libraries in Pakistan which have always been under-financed. To achieve this objectives the researcher adopted a multi-phase research process. In the first phase, a comprehensive literature review conducted,. The areas covered in the review of literature include funding situation of public, academic and special libraries in developed countries, developing countries and Pakistan; causes and effects of, and response to , finding crisis in libraries; methods for alternative funding being used in libraries including fees for library service and fundraising; an model formulation in library and information science. Based on the review of literature instruments were developed for library survey and interviews.

In the second phase, data were collected about funding situation of libraries in Pakistan and possibilities of alternative funding in the country. For this purpose, a survey of large libraries was conducted. A sample of 100 university, college, public and special libraries of public sector throughout the county having a collection of at least 25,000 volumes was selected randomly. Data collected from 60 libraries that responded were analyzed. An other data collection tool that was used is interview. Sixty experts in the field of librarianship from eight major cities were selected for this purpose. Data were collected from 48 expert with the help of an interview schedule. The interviews were recorded on audio tape recorder.

Based on the findings of the previous two phase, a draft model for alternative funding for libraries in Pakistan was developed which was presented for validation before national and international experts in the field of library science. The comments of 21 experts were qualitatively analyzed, and on the basis of that, necessary amendments were made in the alternative funding model (AFM) before its final presentation.

This study has found out the funding of libraries in Pakistan is not according to a well thought systematic process ; all types of libraries are dissatisfied with their present policies of the government are two reasons for library under €“finding; due to poor standard of collection and services libraries do not enjoy a good reputation in the Pakistan society; activities for seeking library funding from alternative sources are not many in the country; most of the library have no plans for seeking alternative funding; there is a potential in the Pakistani society for raisin library funds from alternative sources; and, library leadership in the country and policies of the government are two reason for library under-financing; due to poor standard of collection and services libraries do not enjoy a good reputation in the Pakistani society; activities for seeking library finding funding from alternative sources are not many in the country; most of the libraries have no plans for seeking alternative funding; there is a potential in the Pakistani society for raising library funds from alternative sources; and, library leadership in the country is in favor of fee-based services but everyone advocates for a core service to be offered free of charge as a basic right of the citizen.

The alternative funding model(AFM) proposed in this study demands an overhauling of the library system in the country as no fundraising model can succeed in Pakistani society unless the image of library is changed to be commensurate with the needs of information society. Based on general system theory the AFM proposed special inputs, processes and feedback mechanism to get effective output. Alternative funding for libraries, according to the Model, revolves around two types of activities(a0 fee-based services, and (b) fundraising. Leadership skill of library staff and the use of modern information technology in libraries can play a vital role in the success of the proposed AFM.

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4771.64 KB
S. No. Chapter Title of the Chapters Page Size (KB)
1 0 Contents
81.77 KB
2 1 Introduction 1
213.94 KB
  1.1 Background of the study 1
  1.2 Theoretical framework 8
  1.3 Statement of the problem 12
  1.4 Objectives of the stud 12
  1.5 Rationale and significance of the study 13
  1.6 Research questions 14
  1.7 Model construction: the ultimate objective 15
  1.8 Delimitations and limitations 16
  1.9 Definitions of terms 16
  1.10 Organization of the study 20
3 2 Review of related literature 22
905.05 KB
  2.1 Funding for libraries 20
  2.2 Funding dilemma in libraries 36
  2.3 Alternative funding for libraries 58
  2.4 Fees for library service 62
  2.5 fundraising in libraries 76
  2.6 Model formulation in library and information science 101
  2.7 Conclusions 103
4 3 Design of the study 104
103.75 KB
  3.1 Research methods 104
  3.2 Data collection for model development 106
  3.3 Development and validation of model 113
5 4 Analysis and interpretation of data 115
594.07 KB
  4.1 Library survey 115
  4.2 Interview 145
  4.3 Interpretation of data: a basis for alternative funding model 182
6 5 Alternative funding model for library in Pakistan 184
516.77 KB
  5.1 Open system model of the library 184
  5.2 Elements, characteristics and features of the library as an open system 185
  5.3 Library functional subsystems 204
  5.4 Present funding system 208
  5.5 Rationale for an alternative funding model 208
  5.6 Alternative funding model: a paradigm shift 213
  5.7 Basic principles of an alternative funding model( AFM) 215
  5.8 Alternative funding model: an open system model 217
  5.9 Validation of alternative funding model( AFM) 223
7 6 Conclusion and recommendations 228
2283.96 KB
  6.1 Scope and conduct of the study 228
  6.2 Findings related to the research questions 229
  6.3 Conclusions 237
  6.4 Recommendations 239
  6.5 Topics for further research 241
  6.6 Appendices 242
  6.7 References 377