The present study was conducted in order to explore and analyze the socio-psychological factors, which play a fundamental role in the development of drug-addicted personality with a tendency of criminal behavior.
To achieve the objectives of the present study six hypotheses were formulated including variables of disturbed home, curiosity, imitation, vicious social surroundings, unethical attitudes and intellectual abilities.
The participants in the present research were 519 Narcotics addicted male convicted prisoners confined in District and Central jails of the Province of the Punjab - Pakistan. Under non - probability sampling technique, purposive sampling was used. The tools used for data collection were questionnaire, observation and two psychological tests. The questionnaire prepared for this research was mainly Fixed- Alternative type. There were some ‚€œpen-Ended‚€Ě questions also which were used for the sake of observation. Some of the questions were used just to get the Bio-Data about the subjects and their families.
Two psychological test were used in the present study. Firstly Gordon Personal Profile (G.P.P) test which provides a simply obtained measures of four aspects of personality which are significant in the daily functioning of the normal person. These are Ascendancy, Responsibility. Emotional Stability and Sociability. These four aspects are relatively independent and Psychologically meaningful trait in determining the adjustment and effectiveness of an individual in many situations.
Secondly Ravens Standard Progressive Matrices Test which measures a persons capacity for intellectual activity.
All the items/questions of the psychological tests and the questionnaire were quantified with the help of chi-square technique in order to get the statistical results. Some of the items. were quantified in percentages also.
As far as crime situation in Pakistan and the Asian Countries is concerned, great efforts have been made towards economic, industrial and social development. Various measures have evolved to improve living standards and develop the social environment.
However, the official statistics and measuring indices demonstrate that Pakistan and other countries of the regions' have been experiencing a worsening of their crime situation in spite of the afore mentioned development. The number of crimes has been increasing at a rate greater than that of population growth and their criminal nature has become more vicious.
Moreover Pakistan and the Asian region is now faced with more complex and political, economic and social conditions which include political conditions and antagonism of one religion or race to another.
Despite the continued efforts of Pakistan government in the region, narcotics or drug abuse and offences are sizable and still rising along with recent, rapid, social and economic development and urbanization in the country. The most common factors leading to drug abuse in Pakistan are the fragmentation of the family unit, the ready availability of drugs, unemployment, the breakdown of traditional customs, the youth sub-culture, the lack of faith in the future, peer pressure, experimentation and the ease of travel and boredom.
It is noteworthy that the illicit trafficking of narcotic drugs by criminal gangs creates conditions and opportunities conducive to increasing criminality especially in large urban settings. The current drug problem is, therefore, being recognized as a complex phenomenon of national and international dimensions.