Identification Of Susceptibility Genes Involved In Rheumatoid Arthritis And Systemic Lupus Erythematosus

Fazal, Jalil (2013) Identification Of Susceptibility Genes Involved In Rheumatoid Arthritis And Systemic Lupus Erythematosus. Doctoral thesis, National University Of Sciences And Technology, Islamabad.

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Abstract

Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a common multifactorial and systemic autoimmune disease characterized by inflammation of synovial fluid which leads to sever pain and progressive joints and bones destruction and even disability if left untreated. The etiology of RA is very complex and is suggested to be the outcome of various environmental, genetics and hormonal factors. Several genes have been identified in which the underlining mutation and polymorphisms result in this complex trait. The incidence and prevalence of RA is increasing worldwide including Pakistan, therefore, the objective of the present work was to examine Pakistani population for identification of susceptible genes and variants which are involved in onset of RA.The progression pattern of RA may exhibit ethnic variations due to differences in environmental factors and genetic pre-disposition of the individuals.Therefore, a cross sectional study was conducted on 500 RA patients (mean age at onset of disease, 39.1±13.0 years) which was aimed to estimate the progression pattern with keeping in mind the severity of disease in the Pakistani patients.It was found that, in general, RA preferentially affects women with female to male ratio of about 3:1; however, patients with above 60 years of age have equal female to male ratio.The disease severity increases with increase in the age and reaches to its peak in patients above 60 years of age (p=0.001). Rheumatoid arthritis susceptibility loci/gene were genotyped in a sample of 366 Pakistanis that comprised related and unrelated cases and controls. Findings from this part were compared with other studies to determine whether the same biological pathways are involved in determining the RA risk in different population groups.The genotyping was performed using the TaqMan assays and the results were analyzed with family case-control (FamCC) software.Twelve of the 33 SNPs/31 loci were associated in this sample with significant pvalues ranging from 7.05E-06 to 3.72E-02, the most significant being the KIF5A

Item Type: Thesis (Doctoral)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Erythematosus, Identification, Susceptibility, Rheumatoid, Genes, Arthritis, Involved, Lupus, Systemic
Subjects: Q Science > Q Science (General)
Depositing User: Muhammad Khan Khan
Date Deposited: 26 Sep 2016 05:14
Last Modified: 26 Sep 2016 05:14
URI: http://eprints.hec.gov.pk/id/eprint/1554

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