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Title of Thesis

Muhammad Khalid Mahmood
Institute/University/Department Details
Institute of Education and Research/ University of the Punjab, Lahore
Number of Pages
Keywords (Extracted from title, table of contents and abstract of thesis)
computer assisted instruction, general science, interactive tutorial mode

This study examined the effect of computer assisted instruction on student achievement in general science as compared to traditional method of instruction. An experiment was conducted with 9th class students of session 2001-2003 studying general science at Government Central Model High School No.21, Lahore.

Computer assisted instruction program for the experiment was developed by the researcher using interactive tutorial mode of presentation, covering four chapters from the textbook of general science for secondary classes. Each tutorial comprises a text segment in Urdu followed by multiple choice questions and immediate feedback. Hyperlinks are added to the program for explanation of the text.

Study was conducted using post-test only control group design with matched groups on intellectual capacity measured on Ravenā€™s standard Progressive Matrices. Perfectly matched to the experimental and the control groups.

Students of the experimental group received computer Assisted instruction, for a period of nine weeks in the computer laboratory of the school and the control group studied general science in their class as usual.

Post-test was an achievement test comprising one hundred multiple-choice items, measuring knowledge, comprehension and application components of achievement in three types of the selected content area i.e. biology, chemistry and physics.

To evaluate the CAI program in terms of studentā€™s opinion an opinioraire was administered to the experimental group students.

Eleven null hypotheses were tested by analyzing the data on achievement test. Paired t-test was applied to determine the significance of difference between the mean achievement scores of the experimental and the control groups. Univariate Analysis of variance (ANOVA) was applied to explore the difference among the mean achievement scores by the three intellectual capacity sub group of the experimental group. Contract analysis was also run to find out the sub group significantly different on achievement.

The result reveled that the experimental group out performed the control group in all achievement areas i.e. overall, by levels of cognitives domain and by type of content. Achievement scores by the intellectual capacity grade. Students like the CAI program and benefited from it. They found it better mode of instruction than the traditional method. Efforts are being made on the part of the government to expand computer facilities in schools. Expansion in computer literacy, a computer education and computer facilities warrants the need of CAI.

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28152.38 KB
S. No. Chapter Title of the Chapters Page Size (KB)
1 0 Contents
1342.45 KB
2 1 Introduction 1
3349.97 KB
  1.1 Statement Of The Problem 9
  1.2 Objectives Of The Study 9
  1.3 Hypotheses 10
  1.4 Significance Of The Study 11
  1.5 Delimitations 12
  1.6 Methodology 13
  1.7 Instruments Of The Study 16
  1.8 Definition Of Terms 18
  1.9 Conceptual Framework 20
3 2 Review Of Literature 21
10119.24 KB
  2.1 Theoretical Foundations Of Cai 21
  2.2 The Origin Of Computer-Assisted Instruction( Cai ) 43
  2.3 Meaning Of Computer Assisted Instruction 48
  2.4 Computerized Education 50
  2.5 Types Of Cai Programmes 51
  2.6 Characteristics Of Cai 60
  2.7 Advantages Of Cai 62
  2.8 Effectiveness Of Cai In Science 64
  2.9 Effectiveness Of Cai In Science 65
  2.10 Effectiveness Of Cai In Mathematics 67
  2.11 Nature And Scope Of Cai In Future 69
  2.12 Possibility Of Cai In Schools 71
4 3 Method And Procedure 79
2180.86 KB
  3.1 Development Of Computer Assisted Instruction Software 79
  3.2 Theoretical Foundations Of Cai Programme 79
  3.3 Procedure For The Development Cai 80
  3.4 Methodology 81
  3.5 Sample 83
  3.6 Design 84
  3.7 Instruments 86
  3.8 Procedure Of Experiment 86
  3.9 Statistical Treatment Of The Data 91
5 4 Analysis And Interpretation Of Data 92
4200.03 KB
  4.1 Scores On Standard Progressive Matrices 92
  4.2 Analysis Of Scores On Achievement Test 92
  4.3 Overall Achievement 96
  4.4 Difference Between Expected And Actual Mean Achievement Source Of The Experimental Group 97
  4.5 Comparison Of Achievement Scores By Levels Of Cognitive Domain 100
  4.6 Comparison Of Achievement Score By Contents Areas 103
  4.7 Descriptive Statistics For Scores By Intellectual Capacity Sub Groups Of The Experimental And The Control Groups 106
  4.8 Intellectual Capacity Group About Cai 108
  4.9 Opinion Of Experimental Group About Cai 114
  4.10 Possibility Of Cai In The Public Schools In Pakistan 118
6 5 Summary, Findings, Conclusions And Recommendations 122
6935.04 KB
  5.1 Summary 122
  5.2 Findings 122
  5.3 Conclusions 126
  5.4 Discussion 132
  5.5 Recommendation 133
  5.6 References 139
  5.7 Appendices 142