I= A COMPARATIVE STUDY OF ADOLESCENTS AND THEIR ADJUSTMENT PROBLEMS
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Title of Thesis
A COMPARATIVE STUDY OF ADOLESCENTS AND THEIR ADJUSTMENT PROBLEMS

Author(s)
Iffat Yaqub Choudry
Institute/University/Department Details
Department of Applied Psychology/ University of the Punjab
Session
1993
Subject
Applied Psychology
Number of Pages
345
Keywords (Extracted from title, table of contents and abstract of thesis)
adolescents, adolescent adjustment, immigrant pakistani, home-environment, parent-adolescent interaction, traditionalism, parent-adolescent interaction

Abstract
The research study is comparative in nature and focuses on adjustment problems of adolescent girls of immigrant Pakistani families settled in Bradford (United Kingdom) and their counterparts in Mirpur (Azad Kashmir). Emphasis in the study is on the adjustment problems of adolescent girls with reference to' the home-environment, parent-adolescent interaction, traditionalism and adolescents attitude towards marriage, career and religion. Peer-group interaction has also been examined. The adolescents use and abuse of substance including drugs, alcohol and smoking have also been investigated.

For a comparative study, an equal number of random samples was obtained from both groups. the total sample was 200. Structured interviews were designed to obtain demographic data, and study the home-environment, parent-adolescent interaction and impact of religion. A series of Questionnaires were designed to obtain data regarding sex-education, attitude towards marriage and career. A Likert-type scale was devised to measure peer group interaction. Use and abuse of substance was also included in the study.

The IPAT Anxiety scale was used to measure free-floating anxiety. The Chi-Square test, Student's t-test, Fisher Exact Probability test, and Regression Analysis were the statistical measures used for analysis of data. Level of significance was taken at 5%.

The study of Bradford and Mirpur adolescents, reveals that the family and parent-adolescent communication play a very vital role in adolescent adjustment. Where such interaction is lacking, it has resulted in adjustment problems.

The traditional pattern has been maintained in both groups with special reference to marriage, religion and dress, though it is more prominent among the Mirpur adolescents.

Both groups of adolescents have normal mean anxiety. Interesting observations have been made regarding anxiety and several other variables

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3284.59 KB
S. No. Chapter Title of the Chapters Page Size (KB)
1 0 Contents
140.98 KB
2 1 Introduction 1
149.99 KB
  1.1 Adolescence 1
  1.2 Adolescent adjustment 5
  1.3 Identity and Adjustment 6
  1.4 Adjustment problems within the family 8
  1.5 Peer Group Interaction 12
  1.6 Culture aspects and adolescence 13
  1.7 Summary 17
3 2 Statement of the problem and hypotheses 19
160.51 KB
  2.1 Statement of the problem 19
  2.2 The Asian adolescent of Pakistan origin 20
  2.3 Migration to Britain -A retrospective view 21
  2.4 The Adolescent and Home environment 25
  2.5 The Adolescent and Religion 27
  2.6 Social Relations in Multicultural societies 30
  2.7 Hypotheses 33
  2.9 Summary 35
4 3 Survey of literature 38
576.02 KB
  3.1 Introduction to survey of Literature 38
  3.2 Cultural and Identity 41
  3.3 Multicultural conflict among Adolescents 44
  3.4 The family 48
  3.5 parent-Adolescent Interaction 51
  3.6 Marriage and Traditionalism 62
  3.7 The Need for peer Group 66
  3.8 Use of substance 78
  3.9 The significance of Religion 87
  3.10 Anxiety 91
5 4 Theories of personality development 103
263.07 KB
  4.1 Psychoanalytic theories 104
  4.2 Phases of Adolescent development 109
  4.3 Interpersonal theory and adolescence 112
  4.4 Neo-Freudian Theories 115
  4.5 Social cultural Theories 119
  4.6 Cognitive theories 122
  4.7 Learning theories 126
  4.8 Psychological Needs during adolescence 129
  4.9 Needs 130
  4.10 Summary 134
6 5 Methodology 138
123.92 KB
  5.1 Selection of the sample 138
  5.1 Sampling 140
  5.3 Methods used for obtaining data 142
  5.4 Analysis of the data 148
  5.5 Summary 152
7 6 Results 154
347.3 KB
  6.1 The Bradford respondents 154
  6.2 Discrimination 155
  6.3 Types of family structure and parental interaction 1456
  6.4 Traditional parents 160
  6.5 Parent-Adolescent interaction 163
  6.6 The Issue of Marriage 172
  6.7 Impact of Religion 177
  6.8 Respondents attitude towards career 181
  6.9 Sex-Education 182
  6.10 Peer Group interaction 185
  6.11 Hobbies and Interests 186
  6.12 Use of substance 187
  6.13 IPAT Anxiety scale 189
  6.14 Parent-Adolescent interaction among High anxiety adolescent in Bradford and Mirpur using sisher Exact probability test 191
  6.15 Regression analysis 196
  6.16 Summary 201
8 7 Discussion 204
313.4 KB
  7.1 Adjustment problems 204
  7.2 The Pakistani Asian residents of Bradford 205
  7.3 Adjustment of the adolescents of Pakistani origin to the indigenous culture in Bradford 207
  7.4 Parent-Adolescent Interaction 208
  7.5 Emphasis on Traditionalism 213
  7.6 Career-oriented Adolescents 219
  7.7 Peer-Group interaction 220
  7.8 Hobbies and Interests 225
  7.9 Impact of religion 226
  7.10 Discrimination 230
  7.11 Anxiety group and parent-Adolescent Interaction 235
  7.12 Summary 239
9 8 Conclusion 244
54.85 KB
10 9 References 251
436.93 KB
  9.1 Appendix