Examining The Role Of Community Policing In Japan: Lessons For Pakistan

Tehzeeb-ul, -Hassan (2011) Examining The Role Of Community Policing In Japan: Lessons For Pakistan. Doctoral thesis, University Of Sindh, Jamshoro.

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Abstract

This research is mainly geared to critically analyze Community Policing of Pakistan, its impact on overall Pakistan.An attempt has been made to explore the new role model for Pakistan in this perspective and possible linkages have been explored such as Japan. Research has been divided in to seven main chapters.Community policing is a newly emerging crime preventive and community justice concept having its roots in 1960’s.The idea of community policing is under process of evolutions.It is a challenge to old police and public taboos in which both were considered as enemies of one another. Community policing provides new and fresh outlook and treatment to the problems of community.The community policing strategy include involvement of citizens as well as law enforcement to alleviate poverty, clean environment, reduce drug abuse and addiction and provides no hide outs to criminals 2within the community.This idea is primarily based upon the assumption that police and public can work together effectively to solve problems of society, especially crime.The research would open new vistas of knowledge for police managers’ social scientists and community developers.Improving community police relations had always been a challenge for those who wish things in changed ways. By perceiving concepts of community policing collecting data by variety of methods and research techniques, and achieving community willingness for change, the research is geared to analyze present state of affairs in relation to police public contact, co-operation and coordination.The collaborative models that initiates police social order.The overall objectives of community policing include alleviation or poverty fear of crime, social distress and other inconveniences.The community policing by its introduction would improve overall attitudes of police and people toward one another. The police would be given highest community support in tackling incidence of crime in the society.The community would be secured by police form all threats affecting life and property of common citizens.Thus community policing would be mutually beneficial idea. Policing is a service that is objectively provided by the police to community people by denying access of criminals to civic preparation.The police work primarily focuses upon preventing crime before it harms any member of the society.The fear of crime reduced or kept low to boost community confidence of personal safety and security. Chapter one provides the overview of origin of policing which focused on the concept of policing emerging in various ways all over the world.Policing was meant to prevent and control the criminality from Societies dealing with crime and criminality.The earliest roots of policing were also traced in traditions found during the administration of justice during the Islamic Caliphate of Hazrat Umer.The public especially the poor were observed by the Caliph Umer.The problems and issues were thus understood and resolved by the caliph during the night he used to got out and enquire the matter of people in disguise this was carried out also by different caliph during the Islamic rule at that time.This whole background of thought gives a birth to policing in the modern society. Policing with a context to ancient aspect of crime prevention is discussed in the start of the chapter.The development of policing is found having roots in history and other socio-political developments.Modern policing adopted advanced techniques of dealings with crimes and criminality.The policing during Islamic regimes, along with different empires of Britain, France, Hindu rulers in India and Muslim rulers in India are explained briefly.Chapter two is mainly focusing on historical background of Pakistan. It’s policing structure, police establishment, police hierarchy, major areas in which police operates, powers of police, functions of policing, police incentives, proactive approach with the relationship of police and public, police performance, crime rates and trends. Chapter three provides the overview of research methodology. Chapter four introduces Koban Community policing working in Japan.This way of policing is briefed besides a look into background of policing and current agencies and strategies which are aimed at addressing crimes and criminality in Japan.The objectives of Koban policing are discussed.The concepts like meaning and historical development of Koban policing are also elaborated. Koban policing is presented as a model policing including its main functions, areas of work, main and side functions included.This chapter would develop a meaningful link with concepts of community policing to be emulated as lessons learned after comparison.Community policing visioned and operative in some areas of Pakistan could be improved and made more effective and service-oriented through this deep understanding.Chapter five provides detail of Demography, Cultures and Events of Gilgit Baltistan the performance of Community Policing in Pakistan, Gilgit Baltistan.It reviews population trends for past 30 years in the study area; its geographical importance; demographic details, socio-cultural aspects.Later on attempt is made to elaborate some of the features.Chapter six provides details of district Ghizer in terms of performance of community policing in Imith, Ghizer.This chapter reviews geographical of district, population of reviews performance in terms of the impact of community policing in lowering down the crime rate a long the position of illegal weapons, drug trafficking, Juvenile delinquency, sexual offences and etc.The Data for this purpose is collected using structured questioner with communities in Imith District Ghizer & in depth interview by the stakeholders including policing officers and local wisdom.Chapter Seven provides conclusion and recommendations of the research work.

Item Type: Thesis (Doctoral)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Examining, Role, Policing, Lessons, Community
Subjects: D History General and Old World > D History (General)
Depositing User: Muhammad Khan Khan
Date Deposited: 22 Sep 2016 08:14
Last Modified: 22 Sep 2016 08:14
URI: http://eprints.hec.gov.pk/id/eprint/1506

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