I= A COMPARATIVE STUDY OF ORGANIZATIONAL STRUCTURE, LEADERSHIP STYLE AND PHYSICAL FACILITIES OF PUBLIC AND PRIVATE SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN PUNJAB AND THEIR EFFECT ON SCHOOL EFFECTIVENESS
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Title of Thesis
A COMPARATIVE STUDY OF ORGANIZATIONAL STRUCTURE, LEADERSHIP STYLE AND PHYSICAL FACILITIES OF PUBLIC AND PRIVATE SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN PUNJAB AND THEIR EFFECT ON SCHOOL EFFECTIVENESS

Author(s)
Muhammad Iqbal
Institute/University/Department Details
Institute of Education and Research/ University of the Punjab
Session
2005
Subject
Education and Research
Number of Pages
440
Keywords (Extracted from title, table of contents and abstract of thesis)
organizational structure, leadership style, physical facilities, school effectiveness, private schools

Abstract
This study aimed to compare the organizational structure, heads leadership style and physical facilities of public and private secondary schools. The effect of head‚€™s leadership style was also seen on school effectiveness. It was survey study in nature. The researcher prepared and validated the following questionnaires for data collection.

i Organizational Structure Measurement Questionnaire (QSMQ). ii Leadership Style Measurement Questionnaire (LSMQ). iii Physical Facilities Measurement Questionnaire(PFMQ and iv School Effectiveness Measurement Questionnaire(SEMQ) v Interview Schedules for principal, teachers, students and parents for the purpose of case studies.

The sample of the study was 280 secondary schools located at 34 district headquarters of the Punjab Province split into 158 public schools and 122 private schools. The data were collected from sampled schools through mail or personally-distributed questionnaires Only 237 questionnaires could be received from 131 public schools and 106private schools. As such the response rate of questionnaire was 84.5%.

Analysis of data was run through testing of 22 null hypotheses i.e. Ho 1-6 for leadership styles of heads, Ho 7-16 to find the relationship of organizational structure, leadership style and physical facilities with school effectiveness and Ho 17-22 for comparison of schools effectiveness of public and private schools by applying t-test ANOVA and linear regression. Nominal data were analyzed and presented in percentages and graphs i.e. Pie and Bar graphs, In addition to questionnaires six case studies (three from public and three from private schools) were also conducted for in-depth study of school environment and leadership behavior of school heads both. As such views of the heads, teachers, students and parents were found through interview schedules. The purpose of these case studies was to enhance generalizability of the research. Sixteen interviews were recorded from each school.

The key conclusions based on statistical and descriptive evidences of this study indicated that 49% of private schools heads were task oriented and authoritative as compared to 34% public school heads which means private school heads were found to be more task oriented and authoritative. Public male and female heads had no difference of leadership style. Male heads of private schools were people-oriented and democratic as compared to their female counterparts. Female head of public and private schools had no difference of leadership style. Overall task-oriented and authoritative leadership style of public and private school heads had significant effect on school effectiveness. Private male and female school had better effectiveness as compared to public schools while public schools had more mean area and more mean number of teachers as compared to private schools. School effectiveness was measure on the basis of school internal environment, interactions and three years matriculation results.

Download Full Thesis
4875.13 KB
S. No. Chapter Title of the Chapters Page Size (KB)
1 0 Contents
143.4 KB
2 1 Introduction 1
134.09 KB
  1.1 Statement Of The Problem 5
  1.2 Significance Of The Study 6
  1.3 Objectives Of The Study 9
  1.4 Null Hypotheses 10
  1.5 Delimitations Of The Study 10
  1.6 Definition Of Terms 10
3 2 Review Of Related Literature 13
817.7 KB
  2.1 Historical Background 13
  2.2 Significant Policy Landmarks In History Of Educational Development In Pakistan 15
  2.3 Education System Of Pakistan 18
  2.4 Private Sector 19
  2.5 Organization 21
  2.6 Organizational Structure 22
  2.7 Key Components Of Structure 23
  2.8 Types Of Structure 27
  2.9 Formal Structure In School 39
  2.10 Hall‚€™s Approach 40
  2.11 Configurations Of School Structure 52
  2.12 A Theory Of Loosely Coupled School Structure 53
  2.13 Leadership 57
  2.14 Administration 57
  2.15 Administration In Education 58
  2.16 Evolution Of Leadership 60
  2.17 Leadership Styles 72
  2.18 Physical Facilities 76
  2.19 Criteria Of A Good School Site 77
  2.20 Instructional Equipment 78
  2.21 Physical Arrangements For Professional Growth 79
  2.22 Facilities 80
  2.23 Pakistan ‚€™s Scenario In The Light Of Important Policy Landmarks 84
  2.24 What Is Effectiveness? 89
  2.25 Definitions Of School Effectiveness 90
  2.26 Historical Evolution Of School Effectiveness And Research Studies On School Effectiveness 91
  2.27 Factors Of Effectiveness 92
  2.28 School Effectiveness Research Studies 94
  2.29 Stages Of School Effectiveness 96
  2.30 Characteristics Of Effective Schools 100
  2.31 Effective Leadership 100
4 3 Method And Procedure 103
257.99 KB
  3.1 Population Of The Study 103
  3.2 Sample Of The Study 103
  3.3 District Wise Distribution Of Sample 105
  3.4 Null Hypotheses 107
  3.5 Instruments Of The Study 109
  3.6 Organizational Structure Measurement Questionnaire (QSMQ) And Conceptual Framework 109
  3.7 Leadership Style Measurement Questionnaire ( LSMQ ) 110
  3.8 Physical Facilities Measurement Questionnaire ( PFMQ ) 112
  3.9 School Effectiveness Measurement Questionnaire ( SEMQ ) 113
  3.10 Validation Of Instruments 114
  3.11 Collection Of Data 117
  3.12 Data Analysis 118
  3.13 Case Studies Of Public And Private Secondary Schools 120
5 4 Analysis And Interpretation Of Data 126
2469.38 KB
  4.1 Comparison Of Organizational Structures Of Public And Private Schools 128
  4.2 Comparison Of Leadership Styles 145
  4.3 Comparison Of Physical Facilities Of Public And Private Schools 184
  4.4 Comparison Of School Effectiveness Of Public And Private Secondary Schools 240
6 5 Summary, Findings, Conclusions And Recommendations 317
370.8 KB
  5.1 Summary 317
  5.2 Findings 319
  5.3 Conclusion 334
  5.4 Discussions 342
  5.5 Recommendations 351
7 6 Bibliography 354
608.69 KB
  6.1 Appendix A (List Of Schools ) 370
  6.2 Appendix B (Questionnaire ) 381
  6.3 Appendix C (Interview Schedule ) 392