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Title of Thesis

Muhammad Arshad
Institute/University/Department Details
Institute of Education and Research/ University of the Punjab
Education and Research
Number of Pages
Keywords (Extracted from title, table of contents and abstract of thesis)
secondary schools, school culture, organizational culture, ssc

This study focused on in-depth understanding of organizational culture of secondary schools, its components and various related models along with the conceptual clarity of organizational effectiveness and their inter-relatedness. It further attempted to elaborate the relationship between the organizational culture and effectiveness in the secondary schools, the strategy of this study was to get input from school heads and teachers for identification of organizational culture, measurement of organizational effectiveness of schools and to explore their relationship. Based upon the objectives of the study, 28 null hypotheses were formulated. Using sample survey, data regarding attributes, situational factors, outcome based measurements of the effectiveness on the basis of student achievements from the last 3 years results of respective schools in the SSC examination, was collected through Demographic variable information Proforma (DVIP) administered to 170 secondary school heads (Five from each of 34 districts of Punjab). Two other research instruments (OCI & OEI) were administered to 170 school heads and 680 teachers (Four from each of 170 schools) for identification of identification of organizational culture and measuring organizational effectiveness of secondary schools respectively. These instruments were responded by 160 schools heads and 640 teachers respectively. Parametric statistical techniques were used to analyse the data. The key conclusions based on the descriptive and statistical evidences of the study indicated that adaptive culture and constructive culture styles were the most common culture styles of secondary school, which indicated that organizational culture of our secondary schools, is quite conducive. The results showed that attributional and situational factors in adaptive and unadaptive culture schools had almost no contribution on their effectiveness. Furthermore, the results indicated that schools having adaptive and unadaptive cultures differ significantly in their mean effectiveness with adaptive culture to have better mean effectiveness score Likewise the secondary schools having Constructive culture style, Passive/ Defensive style and Aggressive/ Defensive styles, significantly differ on their mean effectiveness score, with Constructive culture style to be the most effective. Results of the study further showed that all the twelve culture styles: Humanistic-encouraging Culture Style, affiliative culture style, approval culture style, conventional culture style, depended culture style, avoidance culture style, oppositional culture style, power culture style, competitive culture style, perfectionistic culture style achievement culture style and self-actualizing culture style, differ significantly on mean effectiveness score, with Humanistic-encouraging style, Affiliative culture, Self-actualizing culture style and Achievement culture style schools to be more effective.

It had been revealed from the results of the study that schools characterized with the values like setting realistic goals, establishing plans to reach set goals, serving clients with better services, orientation of member regarding their work, innovativeness, developing outstanding employees for high quality products, participation as person-centred way, open communication, adaptability, well defined organizational mission, supervisory leadership, coordination and sense of loyalty with work are the most effective.

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4751.35 KB
S. No. Chapter Title of the Chapters Page Size (KB)
1 0 Contents
165 KB
2 1 Introduction 1
254.27 KB
  1.1 Statement Of The Problem 4
  1.2 Significance Of The Study 5
  1.3 Objective Of The Study 6
  1.4 Delimitations Of The Study 10
  1.5 Assumptions Of The Study 10
  1.6 Definitions Of Major Terms 11
  1.7 Organization Of The Study 17
3 2 Review Of Related Literature 18
1294.96 KB
  2.1 Historical Background Of Organizational Culture 18
  2.2 The Work Environment 20
  2.3 Organizational Culture 21
  2.4 Dimensions/Components Of Organizational Structure 27
  2.5 Organizational Climate 30
  2.6 Difference Between Organizational Climate Culture 32
  2.7 Levels Of Organizational Culture 36
  2.8 Schein‚€™s Model 37
  2.9 Denison ‚€™s Model 38
  2.10 Kotter And Heskett Model 45
  2.11 Strong Culture Theory 51
  2.12 Strategically Appropriate Culture Theory 53
  2.13 Adaptive Culture Theory 58
  2.14 Organizational Culture Profile 66
  2.15 The Culture Styles 68
  2.16 Organizational Effectiveness 71
  2.17 Educational/ School Effectiveness 78
  2.18 Organizational Culture Of School 81
  2.19 Collaborative School Cultures 83
  2.20 Strong/ Positive School Culture 85
  2.21 Role Of Leaders In School‚€™s Culture 90
  2.22 Research On School Culture And School Effectiveness 92
4 3 Research Design And Procedure 107
268.57 KB
  3.1 Research Design 107
  3.2 Null Hypotheses 109
  3.3 Methodology 111
  3.4 Population 111
  3.5 Sample 112
  3.6 Instrumentation 112
  3.7 Sources Of Data 120
  3.8 Collection Of Data 120
  3.9 Analysis Of Data 121
5 4 Analysis And Interpretation Of Data 124
930.21 KB
  4.1 Section-I Descriptive Statistics 125
  4.2 Section-II Testing Of Null Hypotheses 142
6 5 Summary, Findings, Conclusions And Recommendations 163
251.44 KB
  5.1 Summary 163
  5.2 Findings 165
  5.3 Conclusions 174
  5.4 Discussion 177
  5.5 Recommendations 179
7 6 Bibliography 182
1540.2 KB