Pakistan Research Repository


Muhammad, Ashraf (2005) NUMERICAL SOLUTIONS OF THE PROBLEMS RELATED TO MICROPOLAR FLUIDS FLOW. PhD thesis, Bahauddin Zakariya University, Multan.



The numerical solutions of some problems of micropolar fluids have been undertaken. The flow is assumed to be steady laminar and incompressible. The body force and body couples are neglected. The similarity transformations are used to reduce partial differential equations to ordinary differential equations. The resulting boundary value problems have been solved using appropriate numerical techniques. The results have been calculated on three different grid sizes. The central differences are applied to these differential equations. The difference equations thus obtained are solved by Successive Over Relaxation parameter SOR method. The calculated results are further enhanced for more accuracy using Richardson's extrapolation method. The corresponding equations for Newtonian fluids are also solved for comparison purposes. The chapter 2 contains some numerical procedures which we used to solve the fluid flow problems. The SOR method is explained by taking the elliptic problem subject to mixed boundary conditions. For the fast rate of convergence, the relaxation parameter ω is optimized. The extrapolation schemes are explained for higher order accuracy. In order to check whether the required accuracy tolerance is obtained at a given extrapolation step, we have described a relation for the local discritisation error. Typical sets of solutions showing the effects of the cross flow parameter R and the permeability parameter α in case of flow between two porous walls are presented in chapter 3. The behavior of the normal and streamwise velocity profiles is discussed. The position of the viscous layer is determined. The profiles of the microrotation are also presented. The fluid flow problems between two porous disks are studied in chapters 4 & 5. The flow was driven by suction or injection at the two disks. The micropolar model due to Eringen [34] was used to explain the fluid flow phenomenon. The flow due to moving boundaries for micropolar fluids is described in chapters 6-8. The shear stresses at the two walls are calculated for various R. The results of the normal and streamwise velocities are discussed. The two-dimensional flow phenomenon of the micropolar fluid due to accelerating disks is explained in chapter 7 & 8. In chapter 7 the flow is driven by accelerating one or both the disks where as in chapter 8 the flow is driven by asymmetrically accelerating disks. The flow of a micropolar fluid due to rotating disks is described in chapter 9. The stagnation point flows of micro polar fluids for orthogonal and non-orthogonal cases are examined in chapter 10-12. The corresponding results for the Newtonian fluids are presented for each problem considered for comparison purposes. A brief description of the abstract for each problem is given in the beginning of the related chapter

Item Type:Thesis (PhD)
Uncontrolled Keywords:micropolar fluids flow, numerical solutions, newtonian fluids, iterative methods, discritisation, nested iterations, laminar flow, viscous flow, impinging stagnation flow, stagnation point flow
Subjects:Physical Sciences (f) > Mathematics(f5)
ID Code:1420
Deposited By:Mr. Muhammad Asif
Deposited On:26 Mar 2007
Last Modified:04 Oct 2007 21:06

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