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Title of Thesis

Institute/University/Department Details
Department of Public Administration/ University of Karachi
Public Administration
Number of Pages
Keywords (Extracted from title, table of contents and abstract of thesis)
saarc, ngo, grass roots organizations, intermediary ngos, donor ngo, community based organizations, ngo management, pakistan, india, bangladesh, srilanka, nepal, malideves, bhutan

The specific objectives of this study are to understand NGOs and their management practices scenario in SAARC countries vis-a-vis understanding of the basis of the difference in managing public, private and non-governmental organizations.

There are three levels of NGOs - Grass Roots Organizations, Intermediary NGOs and International or Donor NGOs. Amongst these, Grass Roots Organizations (GROs) are the biggest in number but are very small in size as they are localized, have limited funds and outreach. The Donor NGOs are big in size, mostly foreign funded and do not work directly with beneficiaries. The intern1ediary NGOs work on a regional level, and are relatively bigger than GROs or CBOs (Community Based Organizations) and smaller than donor organizations in size and outreach.

The target population or this research is Intermediary NGOs in SAARC countries. The reason of targeting this population is that Intermediary NGOs exist in thousands, are formal in most cases, are managed by professional staff and work directly with the beneficiaries or in partnership with CBOs/GROs or Donor Organizations. Accordingly, the beneficiaries or this research will number in the thousands. When people talk about NGOs, the, generally refer to the Intermediary NGOs, and the combined beneficiaries of Intermediary NGOs are more than the GROs and Donor Organizations.

Since there is a general perception that the NGOs are not being managed properly, the Intermediary NGOs have been pinpointed for study in order to improve their management system. Hence, this perception about NGO (Intermediary) Management in SAARC countries is the driving force of this research.

On the basis of good management indicators developed by the International NGO Training & Research Centre (INTRAC), U.K, the Intermediary NGOs in SAARC countries have been studied. For the above-mentioned purpose, 25 indicators in addition to 13 general questions pertaining to management related opinions of the senior executives of NGOs of SAARC countries have forn1ed 38 research questions. The study focuses on the existing organizational management practices, vis-à-vis scope of further improvement in it.

Since there is a dearth of research on NGO management, the descriptive-exploratory method has been adopted for this Study, hence it involving extensive literature research, data collection in the field through questionnaire and interviews, case studies throughout the SAARC region and data analysis under descriptive and inferential statistics. As a result, the general perception that the NGOs are not being managed well in SAARC countries was found to be true. The findings of the literature search and data analysis, established that the majority of the NGOs in the region do not have a proper management system as tested against the suggested 'Management Assessment Tools (MAT)/ Management indicators by INTRAC, U.K.

On the basis of the result of descriptive and inferential statistics' analysis, a management model, namely Operational NGO Management Model' and principles of NGO management have been designed and recommended. Although these recommendations have been made only as a.1 initial research work in this reference, it took volumes of study on the management system of the three sectors to reach this primary stage.

During the course of this research, many questions were identified for further research and study, and some of them have been mentioned in the last chapter as potential for further study.

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2406.52 KB
S. No. Chapter Title of the Chapters Page Size (KB)
1 0 Contents
156.66 KB
2 1 Introduction 1
249.98 KB
  1.1 Research Background 3
  1.2 Saarc Background 16
  1.3 Beneficiaries Of The Research 21
  1.4 References 22
3 2 Research Methodology 24
177.72 KB
  2.1 Study Design 24
  2.2 Universe Of Study 26
  2.3 Target Population 27
  2.4 Inclusion Criteria 28
  2.5 Sampling 29
  2.6 Method And Procedure Of Study 31
  2.7 Study Plan 38
  2.8 References 40
4 3 Understanding Ngos 41
269.33 KB
  3.1 Introduction An Classifications 41
  3.2 Three Sectors Of The Society 45
  3.3 Strengths And Weaknesses Of Ngos 63
  3.4 Governmental Organizations ( Gos ) 64
  3.5 Commercial / Business Organizations( Cos ) 65
  3.6 References 66
5 4 Ngos’ Profile Of Saarc Countries 69
450.37 KB
  4.1 Region’s Profile 71
  4.2 Pakistan 71
  4.3 India 78
  4.4 Bangladesh 86
  4.5 Srilanka 92
  4.6 Nepal 99
  4.7 Malideves 107
  4.8 Bhutan 108
  4.9 Obstacles/Challenges In The Working 110
  4.10 References 115
6 5 Management : Theory And Practice Of Public, Private And Ngo Sector 118
347.67 KB
  5.1 Introduction 118
  5.2 Management Defined 119
  5.3 Approaches Of Management 120
  5.4 Public Administration 123
  5.5 Private (Business) Sector Management 128
  5.6 Ngo Management 132
  5.7 Basis Of The Differences Among The Three Sector’s Management 146
  5.8 Conclusion 150
  5.9 References 153
7 6 Management Practices In Regional Ngos 156
283.06 KB
  6.1 An Overview 156
  6.2 Health And Nutrition Development Society(Hands) 157
  6.3 Society For Participatory Research In Asia ( Pria ), India 163
  6.4 Bangladesh Rural Advancement Committee( Brac ) 170
  6.5 Sarvodaya, Sri Lanka 175
  6.6 Child Workers In Nepal Concerned Centre( Cwin ) 178
  6.7 References 183
8 7 Results And Interpretation 184
383.17 KB
  7.1 Introduction 186
  7.2 Data Analysis And Their Interpretations 186
9 8 Conclusion And Recommendations 234
249.79 KB
  8.1 Conclusion 234
  8.2 Recommendations 241
  8.3 Advantages And Limitations Of Operational Ngo Management Model 258
  8.4 Future Areas Of Research 261
10 9 Appendix 262
179.75 KB
  9.1 Bibliography 276