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PHILOSOPHICAL ANALYSIS OF RAWLS THEORY OF JUSTICE

Soori, Abdul Wahab (2003) PHILOSOPHICAL ANALYSIS OF RAWLS THEORY OF JUSTICE. PhD thesis, University of Karachi, Karachi.

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Abstract

Rawls considers fairness as a political conception of justice. Although the normative dimension of the theory of justice is not ignorable. It is an acknowledged fact that, there has been a great deal of confusion over what he really means by political. Inpost theory of justice texts Rawls tries to make his conception of the political clear. The critical analysis of his work unveils his insistence on the political dimension of the theory of justice. The deep understanding of his conception of the political reveals: firstly the source of his motivation to be committed to the political conception of justice: secondly the root cause of the misinterpretation of his theory of justice and thirdly and most importantly the organic relationship among the issues of public justifiability, overlapping consensus and pluralism The sustenance of this organic whole demands an intellectual attitude, which prioritizes politics (i.e. democracy) over philosophy for the establishment of just socio-political order. There by Rawls considers public justifiability as the primary condition of justice as fairness. However the political consensus is the secondary dimension of the just order, which sustains the legitimacy and stability of socio-political order. The public justifiability is the manifestation of the convictions which have been emerged from the historical experiences of a political community. The incorporation of convictions and considered judgments of a community in the socio-political fabric is necessary to sustain the social order. However the political consensus is the institutionalization and formalization of the considered judgment according to the political demand of that society Rawls claims that in the concrete political domain we cannot adopt one final, abstract and comprehensive philosophical standpoint to defend a political conception of justice. The historical experiences of modern democratic culture have changed the direction of intellectual struggle. The intellectual defeat of modern epistemology makes it impossible to provide an ontologically grounded and epistemologically defended universalist defense of any conception of justice. The need of a workable conception of justice is the historical condition of such a culture, which emerges from the wars of religion, reformation, count3erreformation, industrialization, social mobilization and democratic from of government of the principle of tolerance. The agreement upon the principle of tolerance demands the plurality of comprehensive philosophical doctrines and equal legitimacy of the realization of incommensurable conceptions of good in principle. He claims that justice as fairness provides a practical political procedure, which satisfies the demand of modern memocratic societies. Pluralism entailed by industrial societies is presumed to be the permanent features of modern democracies, which challenges the priority of philosophy over democracy. In this thesis we will try to excavate the philosophical foundations of the Rawlsian theory of justice (1971), and also try to identify the philosophical shift in his positions under the light of some of his major critiques

Item Type:Thesis (PhD)
Uncontrolled Keywords:rawls theory of justice, principles of justice, liberal communitarians, socio-political order, democracy, political consensus
Subjects:Social Sciences(g)
ID Code:1318
Deposited By:Mr. Muhammad Asif
Deposited On:05 Mar 2007
Last Modified:04 Oct 2007 21:05

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