I= PERSONALITY TRAITS AND SOCIOECONOMIC STATUS AS PREDICATORS OF MARITAL ADJUSTMENT IN WORKING WOMEN
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Title of Thesis
PERSONALITY TRAITS AND SOCIOECONOMIC STATUS AS PREDICATORS OF MARITAL ADJUSTMENT IN WORKING WOMEN

Author(s)
Kausar Asnari
Institute/University/Department Details
Institute of Clinical Psychology/ University of Karachi
Session
2003
Subject
Number of Pages
182
Keywords (Extracted from title, table of contents and abstract of thesis)
marital adjustment, working women, personality traits, extraversion, agreeableness, openness, conscientiousness, neuroticism, personality

Abstract
The purpose of the present research was to determine the extent to which Personality Traits and Socioeconomic status in Pakistani scenario can predict Marital Adjustment with special reference to working women. After detailed literature review it was hypothesized that the personality traits of Extraversion, Agreeableness, Openness and Conscientiousness would be positively related to Marital Adjustment whereas Neuroticism would be negatively related to Marital Adjustment. Further it was hypothesized that Marital Adjustment would be more among working women of high Socioeconomic status as compared to working women of low and middle Socioeconomic status.

Sample of the present research consisted of 150 married working women divided into three groups of subjects each consisting of fifty women. These groups comprised of low, middle and high socioeconomic classes.

Neo Five Factor Inventory was administered in order to measure the level of Neuroticism, Extraversion, Openness, Agreeableness and Conscientiousness in the married women. Moreover Dyadic Adjustment Scale was administered in order to measure Marital Adjustment of the entire sample.

Pearson Product Moment Coefficient of Correlation was computed to assess patterns of relationships among variables. The correlations were calculated between various personality traits and marital adjustment. One way analysis of variance (ANOVA) was done to compare the difference in the level of Marital Adjustment of working women belonging to low, middle and high socioeconomic status.

The results showed significant positive relationships between the variable of Extraversion, Agreeableness and Conscientiousness with Marital Adjustment. Neuroticism was significantly negatively related to Marital Adjustment whereas Openness had an insignificant relationship with Marital Adjustment. Moreover the difference between the Marital Adjustment of the three socioeconomic groups is not significant. Avenues for further research have also been suggested.

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1662.71 KB
S. No. Chapter Title of the Chapters Page Size (KB)
1 0 Contents
104.5 KB
2 1 Introduction 1
87.14 KB
3 2 Literature Review 10
778.59 KB
  2.1 Personality 10
  2.2 Five Factor Model Of Personality 12
  2.3 Theories Facilitating Interpretation Of Five Factor Model Of Personality 20
  2.4 Personality Traits And Marital Adjustment 34
  2.5 Socioeconomic Status And Marital Adjustment 56
  2.6 Other Factors Influencing Marital Adjustment 64
  2.7 Marital Adjustment T-Cross-Cultural Findings 68
  2.8 Status And Role Of Women In Pakistan 71
4 3 Hypotheses 88
14.79 KB
5 4 Method 90
88.58 KB
  4.1 Sample 90
  4.2 Procedure 90
  4.3 Description Of Measures 90
  4.4 Scoring 94
  4.5 Statistical Analysis 95
  4.6 Research Design 97
  4.7 Operational Definitions Of Various Terms 98
6 5 Results 101
167.09 KB
7 6 Discussion 116
216.35 KB
  6.1 Personality Traits And Marital Adjustment 117
  6.2 Socioeconomic Status And Marital Adjustment 131
  6.3 Additional Findings 136
  6.4 Concluding Remarks 138
  6.5 Implications For Therapeutic Work 140
  6.6 Future Studies 141
8 7 Reference 143
413.56 KB
  7.1 Appendices 180