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Title of Thesis

Iqbal Azhar
Institute/University/Department Details
Department of Pharmacognosy/ University of Karachi
Number of Pages
Keywords (Extracted from title, table of contents and abstract of thesis)
medicinal leguninaces, family leguminosae, faboideae., lotus garcinii, acyclic diterpenoids, fatty acids, common steroids, triterpenoids, tamarindus indica, caesalpinioideae, prosopis juliflora

This dissertation is divided into sections (chapters). The three chapters (from two to four) are dedicated fro each subfamily of the family leguminosae, whereas the remaining two (chapter first and last) cover the introduction of subfamilies of the family leguminosae and biological studies on their plants, respectively.

The first chapter delineate the characteristic feature of the family leguminosae, the various genera and species of the subfamilies with their important representative.

The second chapter outlines the subfamily Faboideae. A member of this family named as Lotus garcinii and the compounds isolated from this plant have been described which include acyclic diterpenoids, saturated fatty acids, common steroids, triterpenoids and some unusual compounds.

Tamarindus indica, a member of the subfamily caesalpinioideae was also investigated due to the reason that that leaves of this plants show the amazing phenomenan known as chemotrpism and this was solved by the parallel chemical and biological studies on the leaves which were collected during day and night times

In the fourth chapter the results are described which were obtained when prosopis juliflora, a member of subfamily mimosoideae, was explored phytochemically. As a results of this investigation , an acyclic diterpenoid, pentacyclic triterpenoid, common steroids and an alkaloid belonging to the class piperidine have been isolated and characterized

In the last chapter, the various plants of the family leguminosae which were collected during the summer season around the city (Karachi) were subjected to extraction and studies for antifungal and antibacterial activity. The promising results obtained from the biological activities have been discussed in this chapter. Structures of the naturally occurring isolated compounds from different medicinal plants were characterized through various spectroscopic methods including 2D NMR spectroscopy.

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1291.46 KB
S. No. Chapter Title of the Chapters Page Size (KB)
1 0 Contents
88.23 KB
2 1 The Leguminosae Family 1
113.12 KB
  1.1 The Sub-Families Of Leguminosae 1
  1.2 Characteristic Features Of The Family Leguminosae 1
3 2 The Sub-Family Faboideae (Lotus Gracinii D.C) 12
252.6 KB
  2.1 Botanical Description 12
  2.2 Literature Survey Of The Genus Lotus 13
  2.3 Results And Discussion 16
  2.4 Experimental 30
4 3 The Sub-Family Caesalpiniodeae ( Tamarindus Indica L.) 40
120.77 KB
  3.1 Introduction 40
  3.2 Literature Of The Genus Tamarindus 42
  3.3 An Amazing Phenomenon Exhibited By Taramindus Indica L 43
  3.4 Results And Discussion 45
  3.5 Experimental 74c
5 4 The Sub-Family Minosoideae ( Prosopis Juliflora D.C) 49
222.42 KB
  4.1 Introduction 49
  4.2 Botanical Description 49
  4.3 Uses Of The Members Of The Genus Prosopis 51
  4.4 Pharmacological Screening Of The Plants Belonging To The Genus Prosopis 52
  4.5 Chemical Literature Survey Of The Genus Prosopis 54
  4.6 Results And Discussion 63
  4.7 Experimental 68
6 5 Antimicrobial Screening Of Some Leguminoceous Plants 72
522.77 KB
  5.1 Introduction 72
  5.2 Collection And Identification 72
  5.3 Experimental Procedure 73
  5.4 Arrangements In The Table 75
  5.5 Results And Discussion 77
7 6 References 93
123.28 KB