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Title of Thesis


Firdaus Anwar Qazi
Institute/University/Department Details
Balochistan University-Quetta/
Number of Pages
Keywords (Extracted from title, table of contents and abstract of thesis)
urdu, fiction writing, sir syed, prem chand, sajjad haider yalderam, angaray, azeem baig chughatai, intezar hussain, ishfaq ahmed, shaukat siddiqui, romanticism, comedy, western fiction

The objective of writing this theses is not only to study the autobiographies but to conduct a critical research on Urdu fiction in various periods of history.

The history of Urdu fiction goes back to almost over 80 years. During this long span Sub Continent observed numerous Reforms, Political and Economic movements which left a deep impact on the literature of that area.

Fiction is one the types of literature which studies and represents the life of an individual very closely and minutely in its existing environment. In this way the tendencies in Urdu fiction and its experimental research study becomes a de facto mental and historical study and analysis of the of the resident of Sub Continent. This research paper is comprised of twelve chapters. In these chapters at length discussion is carried out on the various stages of development of fiction writings. It has its own importance due to non availability of any such document in Urdu literature which comprehensively covers various development stages of fiction writing with great details and historical continuity.

This research paper begins with Sir Syed Movement and discusses analytically all the social, political and economic movements , it defines fiction writing, what are its requirements, the nature of its creation and limits, it also provide an insight on the period wise trends of fiction writing together with the western literature and fiction writing.

1901 is time for the initiation of Urdu fiction by Prem Chand and Sajjad Haider Yalderam. During this time the fiction writing follow simple patron of title, plot, character, dialogue, a beginning and an end and these were considered important parts of a fiction. Most of the fiction writing were inclined towards romanticism, social reforms and narrating historical events but with Prem Chand changed the trend by depicting village scenes and projecting the life of farmers thus bringing in the element of realism and political movement in Urdu fiction.

In 1939 the publication of Angaray brought a revolutionary change in Urdu fiction writing, in sub continent the movement for independence was in full swing, struggle for independence were aggregating. Fiction writing not only reflecting those trends but a glimpse of experiments of Frued and Marx was also present in them. In this way the political theories as well as conflict of conscious and sub conscious created a sense of realization in Urdu fiction with a marked tone.

The beginning of Second World War is the beginning of Third round of fiction writing. The scope of fiction writing was widened and new experiment provided a new direction of collective conscious to Urdu fiction writing.

During this period a comedy element is also observed in the fiction although it was not a healthy or favorable trend but it did open a new avenue for comedy. Azeem Baig Chughatai is a great name in such fiction writing.

Year 1947 witnessed the emergence of two big states Pakistan and India—bloody riots erupted and like literature, fiction writing cannot remain unaffected from its impact

As the riots subsided it gave birth to a new generation of fiction writers which comprised of Intezar Hussain, Ishfaq Ahmed and Shaukat Siddiqui. The most of these writers believes in symbolism and they were more frequent in accepting the impact of western thought and movement than their predecessors.

Our new fiction writers under the impact of new trends continuously depicting social negative trends in their current writings and Urdu fiction writing after 1947 has rapidly changed to negative trends and the element of historical conscious is missing in it and that is why a projection of negative trends in Urdu fiction is depicted through symbolism.

It clearly shows that the modern Urdu fiction has revolted against the prevailing principles of fiction writing and entered in an experimental era

Download Full Thesis
8076.3 KB
S. No. Chapter Title of the Chapters Page Size (KB)
1 0 Contents
102.18 KB
2 1 Historical Background 1
497.41 KB
  1.1 A Study Of Sir Syed Movement And Its Repercussions On Various Types Of Literature.
  1.2 From Novels To Fictions And Their Technical Effects On The Fictions.
  1.3 End Of The Tales Era By Concentrating On Realism, Characterization And Plots
  1.4 Analysis Of Sir Syed Movement And After Reviewing Various Types Of Literature, An Analysis Of Romanticism In Literature.
  1.5 Fictions.
3 2 Political Background And Period Of Romanticism In Urdu Fiction 36
767.47 KB
  2.1 Sajjad Haider Yalderam
  2.2 Niaz Fathe Puri
  2.3 Majhnoo Gohrakhpuri
  2.4 Sultan Haider Josh
  2.5 L.Ahmed
  2.6 Chaudhry Muhammad Ali
4 3 Prem Chand 89
1029.06 KB
  3.1 The Biginning----------- Soz-I-Watan
  3.2 Historical & Romantic Era—Prem Pachees, Prem Batees, Prem Chalees
  3.3 Political And Era And Period Of Reformation
  3.4 Socialism- An Analysis Of Trends
5 4 Prem Chand And Yalderam School Of Thoughts 158
534.87 KB
  4.1 Sad Rasion
  4.2 Azam Karohi
  4.3 Qazi Abdul Qadir
  4.4 Ali Abbas Hussainy
  4.5 Hamid Ullah Afsar
  4.6 Ashiq Batalwi
  4.7 Imtiaz Ali Taj
  4.8 Mirza Adeeb
  4.9 M.Aslam
6 5 Trends Of Comedy In Urdu Fiction 194
348.38 KB
  5.1 Rashed Ahmed Siddqui
  5.2 Ahmed Shah Patras Bokhari
  5.3 Mirza Farhat Ullah Baig
  5.4 Azeem Baig Chughatai
  5.5 Shaukat Thanvi
  5.6 Shafique Ur Rehman
7 6 Angaray- A Trend Setter 218
618.4 KB
  6.1 Soul Of Conscious
  6.2 Sigmund Frued
  6.3 Marx
  6.4 Progressive Movement
8 7 Effect Of Western Fiction On Urdu Fiction Western Movements & Tendencies 261
647.26 KB
  7.1 Rationalism
  7.2 Naturalism
  7.3 Surrealism
  7.4 Symbolism
  7.5 Expressionism
  7.6 Existentialism
  7.7 1850 – 1893
9 8 Sadat Hussan Minto 304
529.63 KB
  8.1 Minto
  8.2 Asmat Chught
10 9 Rajinder Singh Bedi 342
532.01 KB
  9.1 Krishan Candar
11 10 Fourth Period Of Urdu Fiction 382
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  10.1 Ghulam Abbas
  10.2 Ahmed Nadeem Qasmi
  10.3 Mumtaz Mufti
  10.4 Hayat Ullah Ansari
  10.5 Hussan Askari
  10.6 Khawaja Ahmed Abbas
  10.7 Aziz Ahmed
  10.8 Balwanth Singh
  10.9 Hajra Masroor
  10.10 Khadija Mastoor
  10.11 Qurat Ul Ain Haider
  10.12 Awinder Nath
  10.13 Devandar Sthayarthi
  10.14 Siddiqa Begum
  10.15 Shakila Akhter
  10.16 Agha Babar
  10.17 Mahinder Nath
  10.18 Syed Rafique Hussain
  10.19 Mumtaz Shireen
  10.18 Anwar
  10.19 Hans Raj Rahbo
  10.20 Abul Fazal Siddiqui
  10.21 Rama Nand Saghar
  10.22 Akhter
  10.23 Qudarat Ullah Shohab
  10.24 Tasneem Saleem Chatari
12 11 Post Partition Fiction 481
597.11 KB
  11.1 Analysis Of Fiction From The Beginning Till 47
  11.2 Riots And Urdu Fiction
  11.3 Ahmed Nadeem Qasmi, Minto, Krishat Chandar,Intezar Hussain Etc
13 12 524
905.99 KB
  12.1 Intezar Hussain
  12.2 Shaukat Siddiqui
  12.3 Jiliani Bano
  12.4 Wajida Tabassum
  12.5 Ishfaq Ahmed
  12.6 A.Hameed
  12.7 Parkash Pandat
  12.8 Anwar Azeem
  12.9 Surna Devi
  12.10 Anwar Sajjad
  12.11 Joginder Paal
  12.12 Devander Isar
  12.13 Ram Lal
  12.14 Masood Mufti
14 13 Bibliography
53.93 KB
15 14 Glossary
108.66 KB